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Inflow of population in the Far East goes to only two entities - EastRussia |

Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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"And we will go to the North"

The inflow of population in the Far East goes only to two subjects

The statistics bodies of nine DFO subjects published data on the influx-outflow of the population for January-April 2018. EastRussia once again studied the migration flows and regretfully states: despite the investment "achievements" of the macroregion and the positive dynamics of the two northern entities, the Kamchatka Territory and the Chukotka Autonomous District, the general demographic break still does not smell. From the Far East, people are still leaving as much as they come, and they continue to lose their permanent population.

Photo: shutterstock.com
The demographic challenge is still a key issue for the Russian authorities, declaring the "accelerated" development of the Far East. The attraction of private investments, one of the main tasks of Minskostokzvitiya, in theory should entail first a suspension of migration outflow, and then a gradual increase in the population in the east of Russia. By 2025, according to optimistic forecasts, the DFO can receive plus 50 thousand residents due to natural growth and another plus 250 thousand - due to migration. However, while the demographic statistics are ruthless: the Far Eastern Federal District, which has demonstrated for 2017 the best federal investment indicator, continues to lose in the number of permanent residents.

In 2017 in the migration balance, it would seem, there was a certain turning point - the outflow did not stop, but slowed down. But the beginning of 2018 again put everything in its place: over the past year in the Far East, taking into account the departing and dying people, 20 thousand people began to live less.

The dynamics of the population in the Far Eastern Federal District (Rosstat)
Year
The population of the Far Eastern Federal District at 1 January, pers.
Loss, people
2015
6 211 021
XNUMX
2016
6 194 696
16 052
2017
6 182 679
12 290
2018
6 162 427
20 252
The negative migration balance of all nine subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District is far from new: the migration loss of the population, as EastRussia has repeatedly written, was observed in the majority of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the Far East and in 2016 and 2017.

Data on migration for 2016-2017 years (Rosstat)
Subject DFO
Increase / decrease in 2016 year
Increase / decrease in 2017 year
The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
-4153
-4649
Amur Region
-3270
-2104
Primorsky Krai
-3209
-5591
Kamchatka
-1805
544
Jewish Autonomous Region
-1602
-1943
Khabarovsk Krai
-1586
-3690
Chukotka
-516
-656
Magadan region
-502
-1398
Sakhalin Region
-487
2387 *
* - data for January-November 2017 years

The first four months of the 2018 year showed that only one entity of the Far Eastern Federal District, Kamchatka, was able to maintain the positive migration balance received for 2017 year. Over the past year, 544 has brought more people to it than dropped, in January-April 2018-th - 426 more people.

The migration balance with a plus sign was also shown by Chukotka (as a result of the January-April movements, there was an 61 resident).

The remaining subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District continue to lose population due to migration processes. And these losses are nowhere less than four or five hundred people, and in Yakutia and the Khabarovsk Territory they have passed for a thousand people. Primorye is still the leader in the activity of migration (arrival and departure), in second place - Khabarovsk Territory, on the third - Yakutia.



Data on migration in the Far Eastern Federal District during the first four months of 2018 (Rosstat)
Subject DFO
Arrived, people.
Dropped out, man.
Migration balance
The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
11272
12562
-1290
Amur Region
8437
9212
-775
Primorsky Krai
21428
21941
-513
Kamchatka
4340
3914
426
Jewish Autonomous Region
956
1414
-458
Khabarovsk Krai
14125
15465
-1340
Chukotka
1478
1417
61
Magadan region
2157
2788
-631
Sakhalin Oblast *
4459
4926
-467
* - data for January-March 2018 years

It is significant that the natural increase, that is, the excess of fertility over mortality, according to the data for four months of 2018, is observed only in two subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District: in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.

Data on natural increase in the Far Eastern Federal District during the first four months of the year 2018 (Rosstat)
Subject DFO
Was born
Died
Natural increase / decrease
The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
4253
2590
1663
Amur Region
2885
3728
-843
Primorsky Krai
6419
9002
-2583
Kamchatka
1137
1154
-17
Jewish Autonomous Region
604
779
-175
Khabarovsk Krai
4868
5802
-934
Chukotka
213
193
20
Magadan region
434
543
-109
Sakhalin Oblast *
1496
1624
-128
* - data for January-March 2018 years

Thus, according to the data of four months, the migration loss in Yakutia is compensated by natural growth, the migration inflow in Kamchatka is weakened by natural decline, and the migratory and natural tributaries are formed in Chukotka at once. The remaining subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District continue to lose the population, making the authorities' plans to turn the outflow of residents from the Far East into an inflow of less feasible.