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Aircraft manufacturers will adjust, and shipbuilders will be added
EastRussia sums up the visit of the Deputy Defense Minister to the plants in Komsomolsk-on-Amur
In the obligations package of plants before the Ministry of Defense for 2015 year - 23 fighter, corvette and diesel submarine, which is being carried out in Komsomolsk-on-Amur repair and deep modernization. According to the general assessment of Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov, with the state defense order of this year the enterprises are on time, but if the aircraft builders help distribute the capacity utilization between military and civil orders and ensure the balance of the whole technological chain, shipbuilders can keep the company afloat while reducing the tax burden, On which the regional authorities are going.
Doubling while meeting deadlines
At the Amur Shipyard, there are now two orders from the Russian Ministry of Defense for work. The first is the repair and modernization of a diesel submarine of the Varshavyanka project, the second is two military corvettes of the project.
“The readiness of the submarine is not bad. We have the full intention to get a submarine this year, ”said Borisov after the inspection of the shipbuilding enterprise. According to him, the repair with the modernization of the diesel submarine at the plant is almost completed.
The deputy minister also noted the difficulties that arose in the construction of the second-order corvette. They are associated with non-delivery in the conditions of anti-Russian sanctions of a number of imported components (according to some sources, we are talking about engines from Germany). However, Borisov expressed his readiness "to shift the deadline for the delivery of the project to the right."
"I think the fleet will not suffer from this," he added.
Meanwhile, the completion of shipbuilding works on the first corvette gives Amur shipbuilders a chance to double the order of the Ministry of Defense - from two corvettes to four (for reference - the cost of two corvettes in the performance of ASZ is about 26 billion rubles).
"We have an agreement with the factory workers: as soon as the first corvette starts the state tests, we conclude a contract for the second pair of corvettes - for the third and fourth. And we will fulfill these obligations. Let the factory workers do theirs, "Borisov said, answering journalists' questions after visiting the plant.
In February 2014, ASZ was first visited by Defense Minister of the Russian Federation, Army General Sergei Shoigu. After that, the contracts were re-signed with new cost parameters. "The plant undertook to the Ministry of Defense in a new time for new money to release products. A year has passed - and I have to say, the plant is basically keeping its obligations, "the deputy minister said. He noted that as a result of such support in the Far East, an enterprise "that was able to build ships for the Pacific Ocean" was retained.
According to the governor of the Khabarovsk Territory, Vyacheslav Shport, the authorities in the region will continue to support the Amur Shipbuilding Plant and will provide maximum assistance to fulfill the state defense order on time. In particular, the company will soon be exempt from tax obligations in the amount of 360 million rubles. “Of course, the funds will not go to the regional budget. But these measures will allow the enterprise to free itself from a number of costs and focus on the most important defense order, which we will certainly fulfill, ”Shport told reporters.
“For more than two years we have been engaged in reducing the tax burden on the enterprise. As a result, during this time, the plant has saved more than 550 million rubles. These funds were used for technical re-equipment, ”the head of the region noted.
Five and four with a plus
The PAK FA / T-50 / is a fifth-generation fighter, whose serial supplies to the troops should begin in the 2016 year. According to the end of 2014, five such aircraft were assembled, three more were in the process of production. According to the United Aircraft Building Corporation, before the 2020, the Russian Air Force planned to get X-NUMX T-55 fighters.
"It is better for us to have a reserve in the form of PAK FA and the opportunity then to move forward, to the end squeezing all the possibilities out of the fighters" 4 + "(we are talking about Su-30 and Su-35)," said Borisov. He noted that KnAAZ is releasing prototypes of PAK FA, but it is already ready to start serial production. "The most important thing that one can say is that the plane took place," the deputy minister stressed. According to him, the first two planes of the Defense Ministry intended to be purchased at the beginning of 2016, but corrections can be made to the program of state armaments.
Four PAK FA fighters for flight tests KnAAZ will supply the Defense Ministry in 2015, and until the end of the year 14 multi-purpose fighters Su-35 and 5 Su-30M2 (4 +) will also be delivered.
"We came to see how rhythmically the plant fulfills these plans. I must admit that there are no disruptions in the production schedules, "Borisov said after attending the workshops of the Gagarin aviation plant.
"The factory workers have a good mood, we are also good, because we see that the plant will cope with the plans," the deputy head of the Defense Ministry said. He particularly noted that the issues of capacity utilization and the reallocation of resources between civilian and military orders are very carefully and systematically solved at the airline enterprise (apart from the fighters at KnAAZ, they assemble Russian airliners "Sukhoi Superjet").
JSC "Amur Shipyard" (ASZ) - the largest shipbuilding enterprise in the Far East, was commissioned in Komsomolsk-on-Amur in 1936 year. In 1992, it was privatized, now it is engaged in the construction of ships and ships of military and civilian use with a displacement of up to 25 thousand tons. In total, 270 ships and ships, including 56 nuclear submarines, 41 diesel submarine, 36 surface combat ships, 137 civil ships. Also produces load-bearing structures and functional modules of drilling rigs. The number of employees is more than 2 thousand people.
During the crisis of 2008-2009, the plant was on the verge of bankruptcy. In May, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin at 2009, at a meeting in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, accused the plant’s private shareholders of inefficiency. In the same year, Sberbank, to which the plant owed 14 billion rubles, bought 59% shares from private shareholders, as reported, “for a symbolic price, which is ten times lower than the cost of a flight from Moscow to Vladivostok”. After that, the NEA received state support in the amount of 1,9 billion rubles for the completion of the Nerpa nuclear submarine for the Indian Navy (transferred to 2012 with a delay of five years). In 2010, the Sberbank-owned stake was transferred to the United Shipbuilding Corporation, which brought the stake in the PES to 77%. In 2011, the plant introduced a monitoring procedure in the factory, and in 2012, the external control procedure. In 2014, the PEA left the external management procedure after concluding a settlement agreement with creditors. The plant's revenue for the three quarters of 2014 of the year - 4,4 billion rubles, the net loss - 186,2 million rubles.
KnAAZ them. Gagarin - a branch of OAO Sukhoi Company in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, is part of the UAC. In 2014, KnAAZ produced 39 units of military equipment and 35 kits for the production of a regional airplane Sukhoi Superjet-100. The factory provides an order of 50 percent of the annual revenue of the Sukhoi holding, produces Su-35 fighters, Su-30M2, Su-27SM and the fifth generation T-50 (PAK FA). According to the plans of the United Aircraft Corporation, in 2015 year, compared to 2010, the volume of production at KnAAZ should grow by more than three times - mainly due to innovative technologies, investments of which amount to 25 billion rubles / including a new assembly line Aircraft T-50 and Su-35S /. In addition, the plant intended in 2015 to produce up to 50 sets of the SuperXet-100.