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Besteyes or not Bestekh: Yakutia becomes a peninsula - EastRussia |

Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

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Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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Bestas or not Bestas?

Next year, Yakutia will receive a full-function railway, which will approach almost the capital of the republic

Bestas or not Bestas?

The absence of a bridge over the Lena River is hampered by the opening of a direct communication between the "mainland" and Yakutsk. However, the industrial city-satellite Nizhny Bestyah can grow on the right bank, where the construction of a logistics terminal is already underway. According to experts, the creation of an industrial park there is an indispensable condition for the subsequent construction of the long-awaited bridge.

Hot "piece of iron"

One of the unpleasant news this year for the whole of Yakutia was the decision to postpone the construction of a bridge across the Lena River in the Yakutsk region. The project involves the construction of an automobile bridge length of 3,1 km, approaches to it and engineering facilities. The project was to be implemented by the consortium Transport Concessions (Sakha) in the VTB, Bamstroymehanizatsiya, USK Most and Stroiproject, which won the Rosavtodor competition in March for 38,9 billion rubles. But in the spring after the visit to Yakutia of the Far Eastern Vice-Premier Yury Trutnev, the legality of bidding began to be checked by the Prosecutor General's Office. Whether there will be a repeated tender and when, until now it is not clear. In June, Deputy Minister of Transport Sergey Aristov confirmed that the agency had made a final decision to postpone the construction of the bridge across the Lena. "This bridge will be, but later. The timing is shifted. Legal risks due to this do not exist, since the contract was not signed, "he said.

Previously, it was decided to abandon the combined, road and rail bridge because of the high cost of the project. In the autumn of this year, the railway line from Transsib approached almost to Yakutsk. The village of Nizhny Bestyakh is the final point of the Amur-Yakutian highway (AYAM), started in 1985. It is built by JSC "Railways of Yakutia" -enterprise, created in 1995 year specifically for the completion of the road. At present, the passenger message is open from Skovorodino to Tommot. The commissioning of the final stage of construction, the launch complex Tommot-Yakutsk (Nizhny Bestyah), with an extension of 439 km, is scheduled for 2015 year. For temporary operation, the Tommot-Kerdem-Nizhny Bestyah site was introduced on 30 August, having accepted the first freight train.

The line is ready in the first year of operation to take up to 1 million tons of cargo needed for the construction of the "Siberia Power" and northern delivery pipeline, and by 2016 to transport 6 million tons. In particular, in 2015, 489 thousand will be transported according to plans tons of oil products, 650 thousand tons of coal, 159 thousand tons of construction materials, 293 thousand tons of food products and 126 thousand tons of equipment and machinery. Until a bridge is built across the Lena River, which will connect Nizhny Bestyah with the republican capital, the cargo will be reloaded from the station to ferry boats.

The authorities of the republic emphasize that the railway line will work in synergy with the roads of the region. “This year we have built and put into operation a section of the access road 3 km long with access to the Amga highway. The total freight traffic of the Nizhny Bestyakh station will be 2,5 mln tons per year. Containers, bulk and liquid cargoes - timber, oil products will be mainly transported by rail, ”Marianna Nikiforova, said at the meeting of Il Tumen, State Assembly of Yakutia, at the end of October at a meeting.

The republic's authorities set the task to complete the reconstruction of the Lena road by the year 2020, expanding and asphalting the route and bringing its parameters to the third technical category. On road works only in 2014 year it is provided to master 9,6 billion rubles. All-year-round automobile traffic along the Kolyma highway all the way from Nizhny Bestyakh to Magadan is impeded by the absence of a bridge across the Aldan River. Now work is underway to include the construction of such a bridge in the federal program "Development of the transport system of Russia (2010-2015 years)." On road works on the road "Kolyma" for this year is provided 3,62 billion rubles.

But Yakutsk, located on the other bank of the Lena, is still not connected with the railway, nor with the roads "Lena", "Kolyma", "Amga". The left-bank ulus is also deprived of direct communication with these transport arteries - from the west to Yakutsk comes only the road Vilyui. To ensure the profitability of the railway line, as well as the management of intermodal cargo flows, the authorities of the republic established the Transport and Logistics Center of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in December of the year 2013. At present the enterprise is building the first stage of the transport and logistics center (TLC), including, including access roads, shunting and loading routes. A platform is being constructed for storing containers and dimensional cargoes. In addition, a share agreement was signed with OAO Sakhaneftegazsbyt for the construction of a high-pressure gas pipeline to the border of the TLC site.

This company is the only one that has a junction point to the railway station. OJSC Sakhaneftegazsbyt has already developed project documentation for several objects: a highway, adjacent to a transport and logistics center, an access railway track, the construction of a gas distribution system and a gas pipeline. In addition, work is under way on the oil storage area, a platform has been prepared, and a foundation is being prepared for installing the tanks. The company is modernizing and expanding the plant, which is located near Yakutsk. After the completion of the modernization - to 2017 the company plans to produce liquefied natural gas (LNG), which can be used as motor fuel for railway and water transport.

In addition, Tuymaada-Neft Oil Company and Gossnabsbyt Yakutia OAO operate in Nizhny Bestyakh. This information is given by the agency for the management of municipal property and land relations of the Megino-Kangalassky district. Rechniki Yakutia also advocate the development of a logistics hub in the Lower Bestyah. “The faster the railroad earns, the better for the republic. The railway is intended for the transport of bulk cargo and will allow us to avoid the problem of the seasonality of cargo delivery, ”says Sergey Larionov, General Director of Lensk Sea Shipping Company (LORP).

Introductory artery

The shipping company supports an alternative option for the development of the Lower Birch, developed by the Volga State Academy of Water Transport (Nizhny Novgorod). On the right of Yakutka, the Lena bank, not just a logistics center, but an industrial park, may appear. The concept was developed at the request of LORP and presented at the meeting on the development of the transport hub in Nizhny Bestyah, which was held in early November in Moscow, the head of Yakutia, Yegor Borisov.

The essence of the alternative is to build a number of industrial and service enterprises near the station "Right Lena", as well as a transshipment river port with a capacity of up to 20 million tons of cargo per year. The presentation of the concept by the assistant professor of the Department of Transport Management of the Volga State Academy of Water Transport Sergey Zheleznov at the meeting noted that the natural resources available in central Yakutia - close proximity to the Lower Bestyah - are available for setting up facilities for the production of enriched coal, fuel briquettes, construction materials, metal products, and lumber. Implement these initiatives proposed on the basis of public-private partnership mechanisms with the involvement of VEB. The payback period of such a project can range from 10 to 13 years.

Creation of industrial productions on the right bank of the Lena can give an impetus to the emergence of an industrial satellite city near Yakutsk - only at least 7 thousands can be created jobs in the industrial park. At the same time, the industrial development of Nizhny Bestyakh will also serve as loading of the railway line. As Alexander Kurchatov, chief engineer of OAO Railways of Yakutia, stated at the meeting, after putting the transport terminal in Nizhny Bestyakh into permanent operation, the cost of maintaining the railway will increase. Therefore, we need to strive for the maximum possible volume of cargo transportation. Sergey Ignatenko, First Deputy Director General of LORP OJSC, said that the proximity of the railway and the river port will allow for the future to organize a modernized shipbuilding plant in Nizhny Bestyakh.

However, Alexander Ammosov, Chairman of the Board of Directors of OJSC Transport and Logistics Center, believes that there is no urgent need to build a river port, and available space for the location of production facilities is already available to the company. In support of the development of the TLC project, the General Director of JSC "Republican Investment Company" Petr Alekseev also spoke, calling it more real and attractive, including from the point of view of investors' participation.

Yakutia’s Prime Minister Galina Danchikova said that the idea of ​​creating an industrial cluster is generally not bad, but it requires additional study, including taking into account existing projects. In her opinion, the construction of a river port on the right bank can be justified only in case of refusal to build a bridge over the Lena River. Egor Borisov, summing up the meeting, concluded that so far all potential participants in the formation of the transport and logistics hub in Nizhny Bestyakh are guided only by solving their own narrow problems, whereas in this case an integrated approach is needed. The head of Yakutia instructed again to calculate all the options, volumes, if necessary, create a consortium, and by the end of January to develop and submit for consideration a new joint project, on the basis of which decisions on attracting investments will be made. “Nizhny Bestyakh is already defined by the satellite city of Yakutsk. The Ministry of Transport is preparing the concept of creating the shortest transport corridor from Asia to Europe via the Northern Sea Route. If we do not create production in Nizhny Bestyakh, then there is no sense in general conducting further conversation, ”they cite Yegor Borisov on the official website of the head of Yakutia.

The LORP argues that the development of the port in Nizhny Bestyakh is inevitable, "whether we like it or not." As the press secretary of the shipping company, Alexander Pavlov, explains, the port is already able to work “from the wheels”, as shown by the recent shallowing of Lena. Then, due to the low water level, some shippers reoriented their logistics from Ust-Kut (a city in the Irkutsk region at the confluence of Kuta and Lena) to the Bottom Best. Although the volumes were small, there is a demand for port capacity in Nizhny Bestyakh, the LORP argues. “In any place where the river meets the railway, a port appears. Yes, until now Ust-Kut was the largest base for river traffic on the Lena, closing all the upper course of the river. The Yakutsk port traditionally supplied nearby areas, and also worked on the Northern delivery. But we see new mining projects in Yakutia, now there is a new wave of Arctic development, we are building bases on the New Siberian Islands. How will the Arctic be supplied? From Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Vladivostok? Or maybe through Yakutia! ”, Says the representative of“ Lensky United River Shipping Company ”.

Alexander Pavlov also mentioned the recent visit to Yakutia by representatives of the Dutch shipbuilder Damen Shipyards Group. Representatives of the largest holding, which includes 39 shipyards around the world, were interested in the project of modernization of the shipbuilding base of the Zhartai plant of JSC "LORP", and also offered their technical developments. The Shipping Company considers the task of updating the fleet on the Lena, and, in general, in Yakutia, a strategic one. After all, most of the ships were built in the Soviet era, and more and more tasks facing the water experts.



Obviously, the head of Yakutia, Yegor Borisov, has far-reaching plans for the northern river route. “Today we offer not only the creation of a logistics center in the Yakutsk region, but also to build together with the Chinese a transport corridor through Yakutia, which will allow, with access to Southern Yakutia by rail, to take cargo to Yakutsk, and then take it to the Northern Sea Route. This transport corridor could reduce the Chinese to getting to Europe via the Northern Sea Route by about 2,5 thousand miles, ”Mr. Borisov said in September on the national broadcasting company Sakha.

A bridge over the Lena, whose construction project the Ministry of Transport has postponed indefinitely because of the need for additional inflows to the Crimea, can be part of this transport corridor. At the end of October, after meeting with the head of the republic, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev sent a resolution to the Minister of Transport of the Russian Federation Maxim Sokolov and Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation Alexei Ulyukayev, in which he instructed to study the concession scheme with a postponement of the start of construction financing to a later period.

Satellite Bridge

As the assistant professor of the Department of Transport Management of the Volga State Academy of Water Transport Sergei Zheleznov, initially the Lena Shipping Company asked the academy specialists to calculate the business plan for the river port in Nizhny Bestyah. According to him, in the case of construction of a port with two berths alone (which is enough for the functioning of the Nizhniy Bestyah as only a logistics center), the payback of such a construction would be almost 30 years, "this amounts to unrewarding." The collective of scientists of the academy and the workers of the shipping company realized that without the creation of industrial productions, it would not be possible to ensure high turnover and profitability - neither for water-carriers, nor for railway workers. "However, in the central region of Yakutia there are practically no manufacturing industries. At the same time it is problematic to build new facilities in Yakutsk - the infrastructure of the city is overloaded, there are no free areas, the ecology of Tuymaada valley will be broken. And in the Lower Bestyah 3-4 thousand hectares of free, level, adjacent to the Lena River and suitable for construction of the territory. Nearby there are routes "Lena", "Amga", "Kolyma" - but they are almost not loaded. "We need to create an industrial and transport hub similar to the one that was built in Norilsk, Dzerzhinsk in the Soviet era," explained Sergei Zheleznov.

In the list of industries that are planned to be deployed in the industrial park, "the projects that Yakutia dreams about, which in different years were included in state programs, FTPs and found reflection in the Strategy-2020." Sergey Zheleznov himself counted about 50 of such productions, but there may be more of them. At the same time, the commercial efficiency of the project, calculated by the methods of the Ministry of Finance and VEB, allows us to hope that investors will show interest in the project immediately after its approval. The state's investments in current prices are estimated at 23 billion rubles. (taking into account inflation, the project is designed for seven years), the business can invest about 100 billion rubles. - and this is mainly an average business. "The state requires infrastructure - 10 km. railway to the bank of the Lena River in Nizhny Bestyah, motor roads, engineering networks, power station. The power plant is better than coal, because almost without work there are Djebariki-Khaya, Kangalassky section, and people want to work, they will build a business - if they give a reliable market and transport, "the economist believes.

Similarly, the production of building materials on local raw materials will revitalize nearby roads and settlements. The industrial park will be able to provide redistribution of black (scrap) and polymetallic raw materials, and on the local brown coals it is possible to create chemical plants for fine orgsynthesis. In this case, Nizhny Bestakh will receive about 10 thousand jobs, 30 thousand new population, and only railway - about 6 million tons of cargo. The project also involves the construction of a container terminal that will be able to handle cargoes from China (through the new bridge Nizhneleninskoye-Tongjiang, which is being constructed in the Jewish Autonomous Region) and send them through the terminal in Nizhny Bestyah by sea-river vessels with further transportation on the Northern Sea Route to Europe.

At the same time, Sergei Zheleznov does not share Galina Danchikova’s fears that if the republic receives assistance from the federal budget for the construction of an industrial park, then she no longer needs to hope for the construction of a bridge across the Lena River. “The industrial park is an essential condition for the subsequent organization of the bridge. The bridge designers with great difficulty counted 3 million tons of freight traffic for this bridge, but this is miserable. No load! Without the development of industry, the effectiveness of the bridge is difficult to justify. The social component in the industrial park project is very significant - we get jobs, new business, budget revenues. Do not forget that the original project of the railway provided for its laying to Magadan. And that means we need a support, an industrial hub on this line, ”says the scientist. According to him, the head of Yakutia gave a clear time to prepare a comprehensive project proposal, taking into account the interests of all parties and the issues of the integrated development of the Central District of Yakutia - December 20.

One of the main activities of the Transport and Logistics Center of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (hereinafter TLC) in Nizhny Bestyah was to receive and accumulate cargo for the supply of primarily Central Yakutia, including Yakutsk and the surrounding areas of the left bank, using planned at that time the bridge, explained. general director Vitaliy Kipriyanov. "Now large consumers - mainly retail chains - are forced to accumulate a significant amount of food and materials on their bases in the spring period - with ice drift, and autumn - until freeze-up. Uninterrupted delivery of goods by rail and their delivery to Yakutsk would require the construction of a significant number of storage facilities and ways. We could offer more favorable storage conditions, because keeping a small base with seasonal loading is quite expensive, the more the city develops, and the land in Yakutsk costs more and more, "he explained. But now this project will have to be postponed. Because of the postponement of the construction of the bridge for an indefinite period of time, "the operational need for the construction of warehouse facilities is no longer needed, so we are still planning to process the cargo." At the moment, a dead end with a platform is being completed in Nizhny Bestyah and we are working on its connection to the main road.

In connection with the new realities, the management of the TLC is discussing a change in the concept of reformatting from the TLC to the industrial and logistics park. “We want to position our TLC, in addition to the logistics, also in the format of an industrial park, place residents who will be engaged in production, form value-added in the republic. Preliminary negotiations are underway now, I cannot name the companies yet, but there are prospects, ”says Vitaly Kipriyanov.

According to him, the project for the implementation of an industrial park based on the TLC is more realistic. “We have already marketed this issue, we have worked. We already have infrastructure, there is a connection to electricity, to gas. At the same time, we financed it at our own expense. And the creation of the cluster is planned more than 4 billion rubles. in the first stage, with incomprehensible sources of funding. The initiators plan to attract all the funding in VEB, but I have been working with development institutions for a long time, everything is not so simple with them. Our proposal is to build an industrial park on the basis of the TLC with a gradual expansion for other projects, ”he explained.

Vitaly Kipriyanov notes that in Yakutia there are certain problems associated with staffing, there are not enough technical specialists. Bringing workers to Nizhny Bestyakh is also difficult - we need a new social infrastructure, schools, and hospitals, says the head of the TLC. In addition, many production will be unprofitable due to the high cost of electricity - over 7 rubles. for kWh (with VAT), and for gas - about 4,2 thousand rubles. per cubic meter (with VAT). “We both hands for organizing industrial production in central Yakutia. But this should take into account the realities of the region. I have been engaged in regional business for a long time and I know that the most important thing when launching industrial parks is to find a quality resident for your projects. You can invest in infrastructure, conduct electricity, gas, heat - but if there is no tenant, business will not succeed, ”concludes Vitaly Kipriyanov.

The immediate prospects for loading the railroad on the Nizhny Bestyakh will consist in the development of the infrastructure of the road itself, as well as the construction of a bridge across the Lena and the continuation of the railway to Yakutsk, said Dmitry Baranov, a leading expert at Finam Management. In addition, the loading of the road can be ensured by a number of announced projects within the framework of the development of South Yakutia, both in the mining segment and the processing segment, and it agrees with the developers. If we look at the very long-term perspective, "then it is clear that the road itself will give a serious impetus to the development of the economy of the Republic of Sakha, the implementation of many announced projects, which, naturally, will lead to an increase in traffic and passenger traffic on it."

“It is hardly correct to say that the new production will be created precisely on the site of the transport and logistics center. Nothing prevents to create production near the TLC, and such a neighborhood would be appropriate. Various cargoes, raw materials and materials will be delivered to the TLC from all over the republic, which can be processed at these production facilities and then sent by customers, by the way, using the same AAM. Moreover, the development of production is of great importance for changing the structure of the economy of the republic, the development of manufacturing industries there, the creation of new jobs, an increase in revenues to budgets of all levels. So there is no doubt that creating production in Nizhny Bestyakh is vital for the republic, ”the expert is sure.

The shipbuilding plant in Nizhny Bestyah also has a right to exist. Rivers occupy a significant part of the territory of the republic, many settlements of the republic can only be reached by rivers, so it is obvious that ships of various types and purposes are needed by Yakutia. Creation of own SHA will allow to build vessels taking into account features of a climate and local rivers. In addition, such production will require a significant number of components and spare parts, many of which can be produced in the republic, that is, the economy of the republic will receive an additional impulse in development.

“It is clear that, given the distances in the country, the difficult climatic, geological and hydrological conditions, business alone is hardly enough for the implementation of all projects, federal and republican authorities will be required, as well as borrowed funds. Whether this will be the money of VEB or some other state bank or private banks is not so important. The main thing is that the conditions for the provision of funds were attractive for each project. And given the wealth of the republic, there is no doubt that almost all projects will not only be implemented, but will bring good profits, so perhaps investors need to hurry up and begin to explore specific projects in order to invest in them in the near future, ” - concludes Dmitry Baranov.