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Oleg Kozhemyako: Without Drama - EastRussia | News Amur region

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Without drama

"It is better not to spray, slow down and save at least what we have"

Without drama

The head of the Amur region Oleg Kozhemyako on the program "Governor's Hour" spoke about federal projects that will support the region in a difficult time, shared why Amur residents will sell pigs, and advised to eat sauerkraut in the winter. Correspondent EastRusssia.ru took part in the conversation.

"I ruled out cucumbers and tomatoes from essential products - you can eat cabbage in the winter. And both fresh and sour - before it was. Remember yourself when you were young - did you eat a lot of fresh vegetables in the winter? And after all, they lived - they settled in front of the cameras, Oleg Nikolaevich stated. - Yes, it is unusual. But we will not die of hunger exactly. "

The first questions, as expected, continued the topic - what will happen to the homeland and us. Head Priamurya stressed: in spite of the fact that in the region as well as everywhere, reductions of employees of the budgetary sphere began and cuts in expenses for 10%, pluses are available. First, there are more opportunities to provide budget loans in exchange for commercial loans at very different interest rates. And secondly, there are areas that have not been sequestered - these are mostly federal projects: the Vostochny Space Center, the Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP, the 2 Phase of the Blagoveshchenskaya CHP Plant, the gas processing plant near the town of Svobodny, the Sila gas pipeline Siberia - the phased introduction of these facilities will support the region in a difficult time and will become a driver for the Amur economy.

“There’s no need to dramatize, but you don’t need to relax - there’s less income, the tax base will be kept somewhere, it’s going to be reduced somewhere,” Oleg Kozhemyako added. “We have undertaken large salary obligations for the past year, so now our task is to preserve and determine by extradition by ministries to public sector employees.”

By the way, the next question of the correspondent of EastRussia.ru concerned the recent (29 January at a meeting with the heads of regions in Moscow - comment of the author) of Oleg Kozhemyako's sensational suggestion to Russian President Dmitry Medvedev: before October, 2015 freeze the so-called "May decrees" of Putin to increase public sector payments.

“There were other interesting proposals in my speech, but for some reason the media focused only on this,” the governor smiled. - The fact is that public sector wages are tied to the average for the region. For this year it was predicted to be within 34800 rubles, but now, taking into account the situation, it will be around 32000. It turns out that state employees will lose. And to take on additional commitments that are not secured by financing ...? I do not know, but does it make sense? I really think that it is better not to be sprayed, to slow down and save at least what we have, but at the end of October to see what we can add. We must really look at things, proceed from the country's capabilities and budget, and pay according to work, whatever happens in the middle of the year, that there is simply nothing to pay wages. In the Amur region only last year, 6 billion rubles raised salaries to public sector employees. ”

To live economically and modestly, without great inquiries and ambitions, but with a movement forward - that was the general message of the conversation. The head of the Amur region made a special emphasis on ensuring the food security of the region through the development of agriculture.

"The period of well-being did not even relax, but, rather, corrupted our population: after all, everyone had a dacha and a plot of land and everyone for the winter, at least with potatoes and jam provided himself. Now we have reached such an absurdity that potatoes from South Africa appeared on the Amur stalls! This is generally how ?! It turns out, cheap dollar choked agricultural producer. In the conditions of the crisis, the population has a real opportunity to return to agriculture, at least to minimize itself, "Kozhemyako commented. - In addition, despite the budgetary constraints, we have already laid funds that will allow not only to enter the sowing campaign, but also to finance agricultural programs: to build farms on 2400 and 1200 goals, to finish the greenhouse complex, to open 10 feeding grounds and to increase the sown areas for 100 thousand . ha - this is the task that we have for this year. Only on sowing we need about 3 billion rubles. "

To stimulate personal part-time farms, the Amur authorities even came up with a very interesting move: at a preferential price, the government of the region will begin selling to the people ... pigs! The Amur residents will have the opportunity to obtain a hectare of land for the creation of a farm.

"From March to June, those who wish can purchase the order of 2-x thousand pigs. This is a good measure of support that will allow us to develop agriculture, provide ourselves and our family with environmentally friendly products, and also supply pork to markets for urban residents. We have several such farms, now we will determine the quota, we will make a firm price, "Oleg Kozhemyako promised.

Then the questions went back to the plane of labor relations. According to the information of the regional authorities, at the moment a crisis assistance program has been developed for the city-forming enterprises (those in the field of the order of 50, on each of which work from 300 people), as well as firms associated with interest-holders. According to Oleg Kozhemyako, in an emergency situation, their employees will be able to work in other places, and companies will receive state support measures.



Meanwhile, Oleg Kozhemyako constantly advocates in the government of the country that the share of co-financing of regions in federal projects (the concept of “share” be replaced with “target indicators”, but the essence remains the same) was different for each specific subject. After all, there are regions where the economy is based on agriculture - not the most profitable type of activity. These include and Amur.

“I hope that the anti-crisis plan of the Russian government will take into account the opinions and interests of the subjects. Look here: you are given a billion to build 30-thousand "squares" of housing, and by the end of the program you have to pass, for example, 60 thousand. It is extremely difficult for subjects. I propose to divide the regions into categories, where they will have their “target indicators”, because while everyone is being cut with the same brush, only central regions with strong industry and a powerful economy take all the money. But in such a huge country like Russia, you need to take into account many factors: the level of budgetary security, the revenue side of the region, its public debt, the availability of resources, and a whole lot more. To hear something they hear me ..., - Amur governor smiled. - Of course, we still participate, use resources, but it is not easy given. I would suggest something: if you are engaged in modernization and import substitution at the enterprise, let you have a zero rate on the loan. I think it’s not so difficult for a country's budget, because banks are tracking all directions. If you acquire working capital for industrial production and production, the rate is slightly higher. And if for trade - let it be the one that is. In the Soviet years there was a division of both loans and taxes. And it is right".

Successfully promotes Oleg Kozhemyako and another innovation. At the end of January this year, at a meeting with Dmitry Rogozin, he said that in the Amur region a program will be developed for retraining those who have been left without work with their subsequent employment at large facilities in the region.

“I think that, taking into account the implementation of federal projects in our territory, after 2016, there will be less and less unemployment issues. In 2018, the gas pipeline is already running here - this is 3-4 thousand specialists; gas processing plant near the town of Svobodny - 7 thousand working at the construction site and another 5 - at the enterprise; Vostochny Cosmodrome, which will be built up to the 2025 year; Yerkovetskaya CHP - also several thousand workers ... There is already another question - where do so many technical specialists dial? But also the attendants, the social-cult-life and so on. I would recommend young people not to look in the direction of "lawyers-economists", but to hold their nose to the wind. Doctors and teachers, just technical workers and engineers - they are needed in the field in the next 25 years, ”the governor advised.

At the same time, a part of such centers in the Amur region has already been created. Training in them lasts from 2 to 6 months; Now for the "students" write new curricula. And not only Amur universities, but also vocational schools are going to re-equipment - for example, now in Shimanovsk together with Belarusians they are doing a special class for combiners.

“It costs a lot - 10 million rubles. But how else? “We cannot teach young people on old tractors,” Kozhemyako said reasonably. - Yes, so far our industry is just going through its formation in comparison with those regions where it has already been formed long ago (Khabarovsk Territory, Primorye). But precisely because of this, we have great prospects - we can adapt to the needs of the country. ”

Do not forget about the students: the whole February on the "Eastern" is the first winter student cosmology, and this summer work on the objects of the cosmodrome will come 1400 people (in 2014, there were only 500). This will allow the region not only to learn its youth, but also to attract a new one: many graduates of the central universities of the country are ready to go to the Amur region.

Not without acute social issues, such as providing the population with medicines. Separately talked about the relocation of the dilapidated houses in the neighborhood "Taiga" city of Tynda. Recall that in the capital of BAM - Tynda - since 2010, a large-scale federal project has been implemented to resettle residents of dilapidated Bamov barracks and "accidents" into well-equipped housing. In total, only Tynda plans to relocate the order of 1600 families. To do this, 66 houses with a total area of ​​more than 90 000 square will be built. meters Satisfied new settlers began to call in new houses more than a year ago, construction continued in parallel, and on average a month was given on 3-4 at home. However, some of the buildings handed over by the latter, were not ready to receive tenants - on the eve of the new year, immigrants from dilapidated barracks moved into almost the same housing under the guise of a new one.

“I got through these people, which the builders“ threw ”, - said the governor. - A strict reprimand was announced to the head of the state institution “Builder”, the region’s minister of construction, and for 2 engineers who signed acts of hidden works, we pass the materials to law enforcement agencies and a criminal case will be opened. Now commissions of contractors and our ministry are working there, so I assure you that people will nevertheless live in decent housing, despite the poor builders. ”