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Man and ship - EastRussia |






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Man and ship

Effective operation of the fishing industry is hampered by negligent officials and high administrative barriers, EastRussia special correspondent

Man and ship

During his visit to Vladivostok, Presidential Plenipotentiary to the Far Eastern Federal District Yury Trutnev held a meeting on the development of the fishing industry. The Deputy Chairman of the Government assessed the current work of the industry as inefficient and called for dismissing those who sabotage the tasks set by the country's leadership in developing the fisheries sector. Analysts with the diagnosis of the deputy chairman agree and believe that such a reconnaissance will benefit the industry.

At the table

The Vsevolod Sibirtsev Float, moored in Vladivostok's fishing port, was the meeting place of the government's deputy chairman and heads of the largest fishing associations and companies, government departments and regional leaders. According to the agenda of the meeting, the participants had to discuss the results of the industry's work in 2014, the implementation of instructions of the President of the Russian Federation, as well as issues related to the principles of quota allocation and the establishment of a fish cluster in the Primorsky Krai.

Yuri Trutnev began the meeting immediately with unflattering assessments. "We occupy 3 place in terms of export volume in the world, 6-e by catch volume and only 15-e by export value and 23-e by unit cost of export deliveries. Thus, by mining a lot of fish, we do not know how to sell it, we do not know how to create surplus value. The volume of tax revenues from 2007 year decreased by 1,5 times, "the deputy prime minister said. And according to the Federal Tax Service, which voiced Trutnev, the dropping revenues of the federal budget due to the refund of VAT and preferential rates for catching aquatic biological resources amount to 8,6 billion rubles annually. "In general, the state, according to expert estimates, loses about 30 billion rubles every year because of the shortage of added value due to the low degree of fish processing, construction and modernization of the fishing fleet at foreign shipyards," he said.

Trutnev outlined the main problems of the industry, among which high administrative barriers and weak work on fulfilling the instructions of the head of state to increase the efficiency of catch quotas caused the greatest criticism of the deputy chairman.

"All the terms for fulfilling the president's and the prime minister's orders in the main areas are broken. The legislative base for the law on aquaculture has not been prepared, while quotas continue to be allocated to foreign countries, despite the fact that they have not fulfilled their obligations to build processing facilities, the fleet is worn out at 79%, the berths located in the National Resources Agency are collapsed, the border guards consider holds On ships instead of fighting against poaching, "Trutnev said. He added that 58 was not implemented from 39 orders. And the main ones are the most complex.

"We can confer every week, but if this does not help, then, frankly, we just need to change the composition of the participants. Those who do not cope, just have to leave, engage in another type of activity. And those who are able to come should come, "he said. And he added, referring to the head of Rosrybolovstvo Ilya Shestakov: "We need a step-by-step plan. What and when exactly will be executed. And responsible. And dismiss those who do not. Drive them! "

Separately, Trutnev dwelled on the topic of administrative barriers, the work of the Rosselkhoznadzor and the border agency. “We already spoke at previous meetings on the subject of administrative barriers in the industry, on how the Rosselkhoznadzor works. I must say that in this respect the movement has begun, ”said the Deputy Prime Minister. - However, this work is conducted mainly by the efforts of the presidential administrationrecall that the problems in the field of veterinary registration of fish were repeatedly considered at the meetings of the working group headed by the Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation - Head of the Control Office of the President of the Russian Federation Konstantin Chuichenko, recently the head of the state Vladimir Putin gave a number of instructions in this area - comment of the author). "

Quite a few, according to the deputy chairman, there are questions about the work of the border guards. "We at the previous meeting in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky collected fishermen, they put the acts on the table where the ship was detained for four hours. In the act it is written: deck alone, hold one. What, it was necessary to stop the ship for 4 hours, to find out how many decks it has? "- said the Deputy Prime Minister. And this is at a time when the issue of illegal deliveries of Russian fish products to the countries of the Asia-Pacific region remains open, Trutnev said. According to him, the discrepancy in customs statistics with the APR countries is about 800 million dollars. The task of the Deputy Prime Minister of the Government put an extremely clear one: "We must work somehow with poaching effectively, while creating a minimum of administrative barriers, creating conditions for the normal operation of the industry."

In more detail Trutnev focused on the activities of FSUE “National Fish Resources” (engaged in servicing the fishing fleet vessels in the fishing terminals of seaports, hydraulic structures and port fleet vessels assigned to the enterprise - author's comment), whose work he had already sharply criticized during the previous meeting in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. “At the last meeting I said that they are an organization unnecessary to the state. Because its functions can be performed by other departments. I was mistaken, - said Trutnev and, after a pause, he continued, - this is a harmful organization. Driving past the moorings that are assigned to FSUE and others in private hands, I can say that this is heaven and earth. Some are littered with scrap, while others work. “National Fish Resources” collects 200 million each year, but don’t invest anything. ”

Behind the door

The journalists were allowed only for opening remarks, the meeting continued behind closed doors.

As the meeting participants said, at the meeting Trutnev continued to criticize the existing system of distribution of fishing limits. In particular, he did not agree with the argument about investment stability, which was brought by the Deputy Minister of Agriculture - the head of the Federal Agency for Fisheries Ilya Shestakov. At the same time, the plenipotentiary has repeatedly stressed that the topic is complex and its discussion needs to continue, and with the involvement of representatives of the fishing business.

The Federal Antimonopoly Service again made proposals to change the principle of resource allocation. The department has already voiced these initiatives: to distribute shares of quotas remaining at the auctions after being fixed on the "historical principle"; provide for additional obligations when concluding agreements on fixing limits; Raise the threshold for the development of quotas to maintain the right to catch, fix the obligation to extract FBG on ships owned or leased. Also, the FAS reiterated that it does not consider it expedient to increase the term for which the shares are assigned to users.

The Ministry of Development of the Far East also came up with ideas: the then deputy head of department, Oleg Skufinsky, offered to provide quotas “in exchange for investments”. The topic of production on the "Olympic system" was also raised.

Communicating with the press at the end of the meeting, Yury Trutnev noted that "it is quite possible to use it." However, he called the issue of resource allocation among the discussion ones. “The proposals of the Federal Agency for Fishery: let's leave the historical principle, because there is nothing more beautiful than it, they have not been convincing. I rather agree with the opinion of the antimonopoly authorities, ”he said.

Trutnev clarified that he sees the benefits primarily in competitive procedures. “I always liked the word" auction ", he said. - There is nothing more transparent than auctions. Discussion of the issue will continue. We need to see how to gradually move from the current state to another, but to do it in such a way as not to “knock out” already operating enterprises. ”

To be continued

Meanwhile, work on the new law "On Fisheries" continues. "The proposals to the draft law, which are being developed by the Federal Fisheries Agency, taking into account numerous discussions with participants of the fishing industry of Russia and regional authorities, laid down the historical principle of fixing quota shares, while providing additional obligations for holders of quotas aimed at developing the industry, including improving efficiency the development of quotas for the extraction of aquatic bioresources, the elimination of rentiers, etc., ”said Xenia Timakova, spokeswoman for the Russian Fishery Agency, EastRussia.

According to her, the preparation of the document is at the final stage, but is still ongoing. Then he will be sent to the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia. It is assumed that after the revision in the ministry it will be sent for interdepartmental coordination. “Rosrybolovstvo will execute any decision of the government, at the same time we believe that the question of the possible liquidation of the enterprise should be discussed in detail. National Fish Resources plays a major role in improving the port infrastructure, the enterprise has now been assigned the most important task in the framework of import substitution for the development of the infrastructure for the delivery of domestic fish products from fisherman to consumer. And the enterprise is actively working in this direction, ”Timakova noted, commenting on the possible liquidation of the FSUE.

The ministry agrees that the industry still has many problems to solve, including the reduction of administrative barriers, increasing the efficiency of the industry, and developing infrastructure, including the delivery of fish products. “In addition, the development of aquaculture is on the agenda. Therefore, attention and support on these issues is very important, ”the spokeswoman said, adding that a protocol is expected to be released at the end of the meeting, and“ the instructions received will be accepted. ”


Experts note: Trutnev's words and proposals show a clear trend towards the expansion of regional powers.

The “elimination of the National Fish Resource” and the transfer of its powers to the regions, a departure from the historical principle in favor of auctions in the allocation of a resource, are the main “trigger points”. It is these areas that are of interest to the regions from the point of view of possible "manual" management, including because they will create a good foundation for strategic planning and development. And this can be traced in the statements of Yury Trutnev, ”says the president of the Association of Fisheries Enterprises in Primorye, Georgi Martynov.

Ports and quotas are a great asset. However, it is unlikely that the Feds will part with him, experts say. Analysts say that the deputy chairman now has his own "territory of interests," and that's normal, anyone in his place would try to take control in his hands. According to experts, it became obvious that Rosrybolovstvo and the deputy chairman are playing in different fields. "Than it threatens the industry, while it is difficult to say. Moreover, there were no specific instructions at the meeting, "Martynov said.

However, we must remember that individual control is followed by individual responsibility. On the other hand, it is possible that such reconnaissance will benefit the industry. "Today, if one can speak about the low efficiency of the industry, it is only at the level of state administration. And here Yury Trutnev is absolutely right. Nonprofessionalism at the level of the profile agency and management departments, populism, full independence of the official from the result - these are the realities of the day in which the fisherman has to work, "says Eduard Klimov, head of the media holding company Fishnews.

Probably, this could be overcome, because the business processes of the fishermen are well built. “Another thing is that there is still no answer to the main question asked by industrialists: the state, tell us, what should we do for you? How many fish to bring to the shore and where to put it then? State, what will you do with it? They did not receive his (answer) at the last meeting, ”the analyst notes.

At the same time, he is convinced that Trutnev has something to thank: he is the first official who openly acknowledged that the officials in the industry have not carried out the president's assignments, and for several years now. And they do not bear any responsibility for this.

Experts urge not to reinvent the wheel. "There is no need to invent anything - the president has already figured out everything and gave instructions. It is necessary to fulfill them. Competently and on time. In my opinion, business was given an obvious signal: help develop a state policy in the field of fishing. For the implementation, I'm sure, the matter will not arise, "concluded Klimov.