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Man and ship
Effective operation of the fishing industry is hampered by negligent officials and high administrative barriers, EastRussia special correspondent
At the table
The Vsevolod Sibirtsev Float, moored in Vladivostok's fishing port, was the meeting place of the government's deputy chairman and heads of the largest fishing associations and companies, government departments and regional leaders. According to the agenda of the meeting, the participants had to discuss the results of the industry's work in 2014, the implementation of instructions of the President of the Russian Federation, as well as issues related to the principles of quota allocation and the establishment of a fish cluster in the Primorsky Krai.
Trutnev outlined the main problems of the industry, among which high administrative barriers and weak work on fulfilling the instructions of the head of state to increase the efficiency of catch quotas caused the greatest criticism of the deputy chairman.
"All the terms for fulfilling the president's and the prime minister's orders in the main areas are broken. The legislative base for the law on aquaculture has not been prepared, while quotas continue to be allocated to foreign countries, despite the fact that they have not fulfilled their obligations to build processing facilities, the fleet is worn out at 79%, the berths located in the National Resources Agency are collapsed, the border guards consider holds On ships instead of fighting against poaching, "Trutnev said. He added that 58 was not implemented from 39 orders. And the main ones are the most complex.
"We can confer every week, but if this does not help, then, frankly, we just need to change the composition of the participants. Those who do not cope, just have to leave, engage in another type of activity. And those who are able to come should come, "he said. And he added, referring to the head of Rosrybolovstvo Ilya Shestakov: "We need a step-by-step plan. What and when exactly will be executed. And responsible. And dismiss those who do not. Drive them! "
Separately, Trutnev dwelled on the topic of administrative barriers, the work of the Rosselkhoznadzor and the border agency. “We already spoke at previous meetings on the subject of administrative barriers in the industry, on how the Rosselkhoznadzor works. I must say that in this respect the movement has begun, ”said the Deputy Prime Minister. - However, this work is conducted mainly by the efforts of the presidential administrationrecall that the problems in the field of veterinary registration of fish were repeatedly considered at the meetings of the working group headed by the Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation - Head of the Control Office of the President of the Russian Federation Konstantin Chuichenko, recently the head of the state Vladimir Putin gave a number of instructions in this area - comment of the author). "
In more detail Trutnev focused on the activities of FSUE “National Fish Resources” (engaged in servicing the fishing fleet vessels in the fishing terminals of seaports, hydraulic structures and port fleet vessels assigned to the enterprise - author's comment), whose work he had already sharply criticized during the previous meeting in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. “At the last meeting I said that they are an organization unnecessary to the state. Because its functions can be performed by other departments. I was mistaken, - said Trutnev and, after a pause, he continued, - this is a harmful organization. Driving past the moorings that are assigned to FSUE and others in private hands, I can say that this is heaven and earth. Some are littered with scrap, while others work. “National Fish Resources” collects 200 million each year, but don’t invest anything. ”
Behind the door
The journalists were allowed only for opening remarks, the meeting continued behind closed doors.
As the meeting participants said, at the meeting Trutnev continued to criticize the existing system of distribution of fishing limits. In particular, he did not agree with the argument about investment stability, which was brought by the Deputy Minister of Agriculture - the head of the Federal Agency for Fisheries Ilya Shestakov. At the same time, the plenipotentiary has repeatedly stressed that the topic is complex and its discussion needs to continue, and with the involvement of representatives of the fishing business.
The Ministry of Development of the Far East also came up with ideas: the then deputy head of department, Oleg Skufinsky, offered to provide quotas “in exchange for investments”. The topic of production on the "Olympic system" was also raised.
Communicating with the press at the end of the meeting, Yury Trutnev noted that "it is quite possible to use it." However, he called the issue of resource allocation among the discussion ones. “The proposals of the Federal Agency for Fishery: let's leave the historical principle, because there is nothing more beautiful than it, they have not been convincing. I rather agree with the opinion of the antimonopoly authorities, ”he said.
Trutnev clarified that he sees the benefits primarily in competitive procedures. “I always liked the word" auction ", he said. - There is nothing more transparent than auctions. Discussion of the issue will continue. We need to see how to gradually move from the current state to another, but to do it in such a way as not to “knock out” already operating enterprises. ”
To be continued
According to her, the preparation of the document is at the final stage, but is still ongoing. Then he will be sent to the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia. It is assumed that after the revision in the ministry it will be sent for interdepartmental coordination. “Rosrybolovstvo will execute any decision of the government, at the same time we believe that the question of the possible liquidation of the enterprise should be discussed in detail. National Fish Resources plays a major role in improving the port infrastructure, the enterprise has now been assigned the most important task in the framework of import substitution for the development of the infrastructure for the delivery of domestic fish products from fisherman to consumer. And the enterprise is actively working in this direction, ”Timakova noted, commenting on the possible liquidation of the FSUE.
The ministry agrees that the industry still has many problems to solve, including the reduction of administrative barriers, increasing the efficiency of the industry, and developing infrastructure, including the delivery of fish products. “In addition, the development of aquaculture is on the agenda. Therefore, attention and support on these issues is very important, ”the spokeswoman said, adding that a protocol is expected to be released at the end of the meeting, and“ the instructions received will be accepted. ”
Experts note: Trutnev's words and proposals show a clear trend towards the expansion of regional powers.
Ports and quotas are a great asset. However, it is unlikely that the Feds will part with him, experts say. Analysts say that the deputy chairman now has his own "territory of interests," and that's normal, anyone in his place would try to take control in his hands. According to experts, it became obvious that Rosrybolovstvo and the deputy chairman are playing in different fields. "Than it threatens the industry, while it is difficult to say. Moreover, there were no specific instructions at the meeting, "Martynov said.
However, we must remember that individual control is followed by individual responsibility. On the other hand, it is possible that such reconnaissance will benefit the industry. "Today, if one can speak about the low efficiency of the industry, it is only at the level of state administration. And here Yury Trutnev is absolutely right. Nonprofessionalism at the level of the profile agency and management departments, populism, full independence of the official from the result - these are the realities of the day in which the fisherman has to work, "says Eduard Klimov, head of the media holding company Fishnews.
At the same time, he is convinced that Trutnev has something to thank: he is the first official who openly acknowledged that the officials in the industry have not carried out the president's assignments, and for several years now. And they do not bear any responsibility for this.
Experts urge not to reinvent the wheel. "There is no need to invent anything - the president has already figured out everything and gave instructions. It is necessary to fulfill them. Competently and on time. In my opinion, business was given an obvious signal: help develop a state policy in the field of fishing. For the implementation, I'm sure, the matter will not arise, "concluded Klimov.