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Clean Planet - an investment in the future - EastRussia | Opinions

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Clean Planet - an investment in the future

Clean Planet - an investment in the future

Vasily the Theologian

Vice-president of the Pure Sea Foundation, honorary polar explorer of Russia

Vasily Bogoslovsky, vice president of the Pure Sea Foundation, an honorary polar explorer of Russia:

- The state should not build fences and invent new laws, but help to build bridges between business and the environment in order to convince businesses that a clean planet is also a profitable investment in the future.

Today in Primorye, a law was passed banning open coal terminals. That is, all new port capacities occupied by coal should be covered. I do not criticize this decision from the point of view of its correctness. It may be right. But will this resolution give an economic effect? No one will build indoor terminals for coal at 20 million tons in the next 10-15 years. I tell you this responsibly.

The specialists of the Clean Seas Fund have extensive experience in conducting monitoring and auditing studies of the environmental situation in the existing ports in the Russian Federation and are well aware of the environmental problems accompanying the transshipment of cargo, especially dusty cargo; have extensive experience in eliminating negative environmental factors accompanying this type of economic activity. Our specialists, and I myself, were in almost all ports where coal is being rolled. Let's start from the south: Tuapse - the most powerful, then - Taganrog, Yeisk, Ust-Luga - a powerful port in the Baltic, then - Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Vostochny port, Vladivostok, Nakhodka. There are practically no closed coal terminals, except Ventspils in Europe. But Ventspils is limitedly connected by practically finding a port in the city. And the rest of the ports, like Antwerp and Rotterdam, where a huge amount of coal is being rolled, are of open type.

It is known that potential harm is caused at the technological stages of loading and storage of bulk cargo. Coal dust is formed during the loading operations of the wagon-warehouse and warehouse-ship. However, such harm can be minimized using fairly simple technologies. These technologies are already being used, demonstrating their ecological effectiveness. In the projected and newly constructed coal ports, the whole process of loading passes through a closed technological chain. A similar situation is observed in the areas of loading of bulk goods such as apatite concentrate and grain.



Open method is used only at the technological stage of temporary storage of coal in a warehouse. At the same time, the degree of separation of coal dust by wind is minimized by using modern dust suppression systems.

In my opinion, the idea of ​​indoor ports is good only in conditions of low volumes of transshipment and storage. To build a coal storage warehouse for a port that transports at least 20 million tons of cargo per year is extremely problematic. Engineers will understand me. Giant rooms of light construction (for storing coal) become sources of increased danger. Such structures have a large sail, and, therefore, the risk of collapse is increased when exposed to hurricane winds and other natural phenomena. The probability of fires increases. In addition, the concentration of coal dust in enclosed spaces is explosive. What can we say about the financial costs of such a colossal construction.

Wouldn't it be better to concentrate on the construction of modern fully enclosed transfer lines? And what about additional funds to spend on real environmental measures? Moreover, enterprises are already obliged to fulfill their obligations to monitor the state of the environment. Namely: in addition to the atmosphere, to monitor the state of water areas of water bodies, the state of the soil, animal world, vegetation, aquatic biological resources. They produce young fish, planting plants, provide financial assistance to organizations involved in the preservation of endangered species of animals. And this is a significant real contribution to the environment. With a specific result that we can see and evaluate today.