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Far Eastern products need their own brands
Nikolay Kalmykov, Director of the Expert-Analytical Center of the Russian Academy of Science and Technology - in an interview with EastRussia
Nikolai Kalmykov Director of the Analytical and Analytical Center of the RANEPA
About the work on reports on socio-economic development of Russia correspondent EastRussia told the director of the Expert-Analytical Center of the Russian Academy of Science Nikolai Kalmykov.
- Nikolay Nikolaevich, tell us, how much progress has been made on finding points for economic growth, including taking into account the priorities announced at the beginning of this year at the Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum?
- I would not call our work "The 2030 Strategy", as we made our report on the prospects for the socioeconomic development of the Russian Federation in the medium and long term. Before that, a series of discussion events took place with the participation of representatives of the expert community, business, general education institutions, research and public organizations, Russian companies. More than 200 experts took part in face-to-face discussions. The ideas laid down in this report can be present in the Strategy-2030, which we all are waiting for. But there are many polar points of view on some of the problems that need to be considered and weighed directly to the Government.
At the same time, some of the ideas that we have laid down are now being put into practical use. For example, that part of the issues that concerned human capital. We consider it very important to establish a system of providing work for graduates of colleges and universities not on the basis of formal distribution, but taking into account the compatibility of the employer's needs in the trained quality of personnel and work on the part of educational institutions. Creating a well-functioning bundle: an educational institution - a trained specialist - the employer seems to us necessary for the solution of the problem. Not so long ago we heard from officials that graduates do not require assistance in employment, but now we are talking about contract work with universities and other educational institutions that used to be used by narrow-sector enterprises and their profile educational institutions. Indeed, this is a reformatting of approaches to educational activity, which is not limited to the development of an educational program, sometimes detached from modern life, but is a real source of training for the personnel in today's modern economy, production, business, and scientific activity.
But in discussing the development of health care, we tried to get away from the concept of "health care" and rely on the concept of "human health". We believe that it is necessary to change the mechanisms for approving FTPs, GPCs: a priority is proposed for "Health of the Russian population" with indicators of the effectiveness of its activities reflecting the quality of a healthy life of the population. The point is that preventive measures to prevent the occurrence of serious illnesses or diagnose diseases at an early stage require much less expenses from the state than treatment of patients with a set of diseases that select the ability to work and significantly worsen the quality of life. In other words, prolongation of life expectancy of Russians is possible with the help of a healthy lifestyle, prevention and timely monitoring and evaluation of the risks of the emergence of whole population groups, who in the future will need certain types of treatment.
- Did your report contain predicted indicators of the quality of human life in Russia, fixed in figures, within the survey period up to 2030: for example, the number of citizens living in the Russian Federation, the life expectancy of Russians, their income level, the quality of medical care and, then others?
- In the report and discussions, fundamentally new approaches to solving problems are presented, but the forecast estimates were not the task of this study. It is assumed that qualitatively new approaches will necessarily change the quantitative indicators for the better.
- Regarding the regions of the Far East, were there any special approaches and proposals that took into account the specifics of these regions?
- As for the new approaches, first of all, it concerns the structural features of the economy of these regions, which today are mostly raw materials. And we propose to look at the specifics of these regions, which could initiate the development of modern new industries, not only on a Russian scale, but also on a global scale.
- Which for example?
- Not so long ago, I was invited to discuss the Development Strategy of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) before 2030, where we discussed key issues, growth points and development drivers in different forms that promote the growth of the republic’s economy and improve the quality of life.
For example, the idea of robotization, the introduction of new technologies in the mining industry. The idea of creating a platform for the management of quadrocopters, not only for our needs, but for any other tasks, perhaps, for foreign orders for civil purposes. In addition, there is a large enough number of well-trained programmers and IT specialists in Yakutia, and therefore the creation of a high-tech cluster for the further application of their capabilities is simply necessary. And further on this basis it is possible and it is necessary to go along the path of training not only programmers but specialists capable of creating new architectural software solutions used in various industries and branches of the economy. It is already necessary here not only to be able to program, but also to represent and see the possibilities of building complex interconnected technological systems capable of managing complex objects and entire industries. Climatic conditions allow creating in the territory of Yakutia data centers - storages of large volumes of information in addition to cryogenic storage of biomaterials, which have already been created there.
- What other recommendations are there in your report that can be applied in the Far Eastern territories?
- Undoubtedly, it is necessary to create regional clusters in these territories - in the fishing, forestry, and agricultural sectors, for development of which there are all conditions.
It is important to create interregional large industrial clusters, which will be more powerful than in each individual region. And for this, regional development strategies should be correlated with each other, and officials of each particular territory should be interested in this, even if the final product is produced in the neighboring region or province. And more importantly: we need as many regional Far Eastern brands as possible, which will be known throughout the country, and then all over the world. We have the capacity to produce a large number of food products in the Far East, but can we recall at least one Far Eastern brand that is known throughout the country? Probably, it is difficult to name at least five such. And they need to create tens and hundreds.
This is a big hard work that requires time and well-trained managers, specialists in the field of branding, PR, advertising.
As for the entrepreneurial potential of the inhabitants of the Far East, it seems to me that it is quite high. Not so long ago I saw the results of a study that say that residents of the Far East after the first unsuccessful attempt to create their own business are much more likely to decide to organize their own business for the second and third time. For other regions of Russia, such entrepreneurial activity is not inherent. All this gives hope that the chances of the development of the Russian Far East are large enough!