This text is translated into Russian by google automatic human level neural machine.
EastRussia is not responsible for any mistakes in the translated text. Sorry for the inconvinience.
Please refer to the text in Russian as a source.
Business of hands drowning
What can a rescue fleet in the Far East
The Alaska pollock was completed - the largest fishing expedition of Russian fishermen and one of the most risky. Storms and ice conditions increased the likelihood of emergencies. As always, in case of emergency, fishermen could rely only on themselves and their comrades
"In the Sea of Okhotsk, a third of the season is affected by storm winds. The fogs on it cost 100-160 days a year, "says Vladimir Nagorny, chairman of the Primorye Territory Fisheries Organization. - Snowfalls continue until 20 days. Severe climatic conditions are supplemented by severe ice conditions: almost all the sea is covered by drifting ice. The height of the waves in winter reaches 16 meters. Practically throughout the water area of the Sea of Okhotsk from December to February there is a very rapid icing of vessels - more than 6 centimeters per hour. "
In such extreme conditions, the Poltava expedition has to work, counting up to 300 fishing vessels, which employ more than 10 thousands of crew members. The number of ships at the peak of the expedition reaches 150 units, which employs up to 9 thousands of people. In Soviet times, our fisherman could be sure: the state cares about its safety. And now?
“Now the rescue fleet of the Far Eastern fishing basin is not in the best condition. Often, due to long distances, emergency vessels were not helped by rescuers who simply did not have time to come to help, but by other fishing vessels, ”says Elena Kazantseva, chairman of the Kamchatka organization of the fishing union.
These words are confirmed by the captain of the SRTM "Heroes of Damansky" Vyacheslav Kosachenko (by the way, "Damonsky Heroes" took part in rescuing the crew of the trawler "Far East" two years ago).
"In Soviet times, there were always two or three rescue vessels in each area of the fishery. Now only one lifeguard is on duty for the whole fleet. He is either in the roadstead in Petropavlovsk, or in the Bay of Russia, or in the raid of North Kurilsk. And when you work at Magadan, before him - three days at full speed in good weather. And he, naturally, will not have time anywhere, if that. Remember the same "Kola" (the floating drilling rig "Kola" sank in 2011 year during a strong storm in 200 kilometers from Sakhalin, then 53 people died. Ed.). We learned faster on the ship that it sank than the maritime rescue center worked, ”says the captain.
Forces are running out?
The tasks for rescue in the sea in the Far East are carried out by two departments. One of them is FGBU "Far Eastern Expeditionary Emergency Rescue Team", which owns the main units of rescue vessels. In Kamchatka, it has a branch in the form of a service for the inspection of the safety management systems of the fishing fleet. Another agency is FBU Marine Rescue Service Rosmorrechflot, which also owns branches in the Far East. The first is subordinate to the Federal Agency for Fisheries, the second - to the Federal Agency for Marine and River Transport (this is the structure of the Ministry of Transport).
As told Vyacheslav Shipilov, and. about. Director of the Kamchatka branch of the Mormorpasluzhba Rosmorrechflot, the branch’s tasks do not include duty in the fishing areas.
“For these purposes, forces of the branches of the Primorsky and Sakhalin regions are involved. Our branch is ready for search and rescue operations in Avachinsky Bay, to localize and eliminate oil spills. In general, the entire Pacific Fleet, including the border services and other structures, is engaged in search and rescue. When an emergency occurs, we work together to fix problems. In the Primorsky region maritime rescue service has large rescue vessels. We have only a small rescue tug "Thunderstorm", which was renovated in 2015, as well as a diving boat WFD-10 and a rescue boat "Larne-1", which came to Kamchatka last year. In 2017, we are awaiting the replenishment of the new rescue speedboat-bonoper "Captain Mishin". The sea rescue service is gaining strength, large rescue vessels are being built with an appointment to the Far East, ”says Vyacheslav Georgievich.
The vessels that the branch owns at the moment have a limited navigation area and operate within Avacha Bay. Therefore, they can not help fishermen working in the field far beyond the borders of the bay.
Last year, at the expanded video meeting of the Federal Agency for Fishery, the invitation of representatives of other departments discussed the issue of combining rescue forces with the transfer of rescue fleet to the Ministry of Transport of Russia, which caused concerns of the fishing community. Now this initiative is removed from the agenda. But the main question is not in whose hands is the rescue fleet, but whether it can fulfill its functions - to save the lives of sailors.
Voluntary rescuers are compulsory
Undoubtedly, in the emergence of emergencies in the first hours to help those in trouble must hurry all who are close. But already at least on the second day, the forces of the state are obliged to come to replace volunteers. However, we do not see this. Meanwhile, the problem has ceased to be purely Russian. It has already affected our international commitments to help those in distress. Recall the death of the Korean trawler "Orion-501" in the Russian part of the Bering Sea in December 2014, which claimed more than 50 lives.
The emergency occurred on 1 December. 4 December in the crisis management center of the main department of the Ministry of Emergency Measures for the Kamchatka Krai a meeting was held with the participation of foreign diplomats, where the rescue operation was discussed. Foreigners looked at each other in surprise, when the information was sounded that the "rescuers" were asking to release them from the search area. Our foreign guests simply did not understand that we are talking about voluntary rescuers - fishermen, who were snatched from the fishery for several days, and state rescuers did not appear at the site of the emergency.
In April 2015, the trawler "Far East" sank in the Sea of Okhotsk, on board were also foreign fishermen. The account of the victims again went to dozens of lives.
After the "Far East" in the rescue structures, it seems like some kind of "dvizhukha" went. Rosrybolovstvo began to create headquarters at its territorial offices "for the rapid response to emergency situations with ships at sea." Although such headquarters already exist in the form of maritime rescue centers and sub-centers under the administrations of the captains of the ports. For example, the marine rescue sub-center of the Kamchatka branch of the FGBU “Administration of the sea ports of Sakhalin, Kuriles and Kamchatka”. Has anything changed in the work of our port administration in terms of security control on Kamchatka ships?
His assessment of the situation with ensuring the safety of navigation in the Far East was given by the head of the rescue sub-center Arthur Rez.
“The ships of the Far Eastern expeditionary detachment of rescue operations help us well. Without them, we could not fully act. In the case of an emergency, we can only count on their support. Of course, I would like the situation to be better. Now, finally, began to build large rescue vessels. They are supplied primarily with St. Petersburg, Novorossiysk, Vladivostok and Sakhalin. They have not reached us yet, ”he says.
There is good news. Thanks to recent amendments to the Air Code, now our seamen in case of emergency can hope for help from Rosaviatsia.
Hold me, straw, keep
What do they think about this problem in the regional government? Here is a comment we received at the Ministry of Fisheries of the region.
"Unfortunately, our ministry can not comment on the situation with the rescue fleet, since this is the competence of the federal executive bodies. Yes, we have always been concerned about this problem and for many years tried to convey our concerns to the leaders of Rosrybolovstvo. It was proposed to raise this issue at the meeting of the State Council Presidium in 2015 along with the problems of the deplorable state of the Russian fisheries science, the lack of commercial intelligence, and the problems of traditional fishing. Unfortunately, we did not find the response. Now they are mainly engaged in investment quotas, "said Vladimir Davydov, Deputy Minister of Fisheries, head of the fishery department.
What can you advise the fishermen in this situation? Take care of yourself and remember: saving drowning people - first of all, the work of the drowning themselves.
Published in the newspaper “Fisherman of Kamchatka"