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The road to space starts from the earth
Pavel Buyanovsky, deputy chief of Dalspetsstroi for the construction of special facilities - the head of the branch "Cosmodrome" Vostochny ".
There are people without whom it is difficult to imagine the dynamic construction of the cosmodrome today. In just four years, in the middle of the Amur taiga appeared the most complex from a technical point of view. Such "experts" of the construction industry, like heavy artillery, are thrown at the most responsible construction sites. In 2012, one of the first in the Amur region came Pavel Yakovlevich Buyanovsky. Prior to this, there were special-purpose facilities, the Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas pipeline, and Komsomolsk-on-Amur-Khabarovsk, the Chita-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok-Nakhodka federal highway. Now the experienced builder had to invest in the construction of space infrastructure facilities. It is said that experienced builders have a special flair for choosing a construction site. Knowledge is either intuition, but they never fail.
"I went to the construction site of the East for the first time long before the first stone was laid. In 2006 year several times was on the territory of the then existing cosmodrome "Free" in the special working group. I happened to work in the commission, which determined the place for the construction of a new cosmodrome. We had to carefully analyze all the pros and cons, before making a final decision. Now I can say that the choice to build the "East" at the site of the deployment of the missile division, and then the "Svobodny" cosmodrome, was absolutely correct. The facilities are located in close proximity to the federal highway, as well as the Trans-Siberian railway. By the beginning of construction, a certain base was already created here. Having repaired the dilapidated barracks, we were able to place the first "landing" of special purpose builders in them and take the necessary building materials. "
The first to the East were relocated the road branches of Dalspetsstroi. Everyone understood that the task was to be carried out of special importance, the project was not a model project, so we set to work with special enthusiasm.
“When we started to prepare a site for vertical planning, to cut wood, we didn’t even have a building permit. We worked at our own peril and risk, but the lack of documentation strongly hampered the initial stage, not to mention the problems caused by delays in financing. ”
Remembering the key moments of construction, Pavel Yakovlevich can not hold back emotions. How many days were experienced when it seemed that the forces were running out and the obstacles were insurmountable. But, despite all the difficulties, the construction of the main objects of the ground-based space infrastructure began in 2012: the industrial construction and operational base, the launch facility and the assembly and test buildings of the technical complex.
Started work in the summer, and in the fall of 2012 the block A slab of the starting structure (mark -16m) was already poured, after which they began to refine the foundation pit for Block B (to -31,5m mark). From the outside it may seem like a simple matter, but if you delve into the subtleties of the technological process, it opens up a lot of interesting details. About 20 cm of soil in the foundation pit, the size of a football field, have been refined manually, with the help of shovels, it is very important to keep accuracy up to a centimeter.
Next year was also not easy. Any expert will tell you how difficult it is to build when you don’t have a solid picture of the future structure in your head.
“As people, mostly with military training, we are accustomed to working in the“ alert ”mode. We worked without holidays and weekends, found a way out of any current situation and now we see the result of the work - completed space infrastructure facilities, provided with electricity, heat, water, the most complex automated ventilation and communication systems. ”
If every boy once dreamed of becoming an astronaut, the cosmodrome is the dream of every builder. Projects of extraterrestrial scale would not entrust to random people. Having extensive experience in construction, Pavel Yakovlevich has always understood that the potential of the enterprise will be sufficient to fulfill the tasks set.
Whatever the skeptics say, the construction and installation work is done at the proper level. Experts have proved that they are able to perform a full range of high-tech, and sometimes, unique works. The Far Easterners are able to work even in the conditions of severe cold weather. This experience is especially relevant at the facilities of the East, because the climate of the construction area is very severe. In winter, the air temperature here drops below -40 C. And the thickness of the snow cover reaches 30 cm. In addition, at all stages there was strict control, both for the quality of the materials used and for the performance of all technological operations. At the cosmodrome, from the very beginning, a construction laboratory has been running, controlling the quality of all construction processes, from the thickness of the paintwork to the strength and frost resistance of each cubic meter of concrete. For each weld, a special conclusion is issued, a sort of "construction passport". Sometimes one product undergoes several types of testing, including ultrasonic, x-ray and capillary diagnostics.
“This project is not typical, it has its own characteristics both in the structures and in the materials used. For example, at the launch complex, in order for the structure to withstand the exorbitant loads during the launch of the launch vehicle, a complex reinforcement system was used, high-class fittings, large diameters, as well as seventeen conical couplings were used. If we compare with other objects, then, of course, there are technological difficulties, especially in matters of engineering support, installation of complex ventilation equipment, low-voltage networks and fire extinguishing systems, and equipment with electric filling. ”
Pavel Yakovlevich with amazing accuracy tells about each stage of construction. Given such knowledge is not easy. For all four years of construction, he never left the facility for more than a week. When asked about the rest, he answers with irony: "Well, why," smiles Buyanovsky, "left ... even took a vacation for 6 days!" Well, if you add up all the days of my absence, then the month will be typed! ".
But what about the holidays, birthdays? What about the family?
"Construction - my life ... holidays and birthdays to mark especially no time, but if it turns out - it's always in the team. So it turned out that I marked all 50-year and 55-year jubilees at sites, with colleagues ".
The honored builder is confident that he and his associates have enough strength for more than one cosmodrome. When asked about the construction of the launch pad for Angar, he answers without thinking for a minute: “What could we have thought, of course, could, it would be interesting to work on this project. There are strengths, experience, the most advanced equipment, and most importantly - there are burning eyes of engineers and a solid team. ”
For his services in the field of military development, he was awarded the Order "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR", III degree, in 1997 - with the Order "For Military Merit". For his great personal contribution to the construction of the Komsomolsk-on-Amur-Khabarovsk gas pipeline and the development of the construction complex in the Far East, he was awarded the Medal of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 2nd Class.For his services in the field of military development, he was awarded the Order "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR", III degree, in 1997 - with the Order "For Military Merit". For his great personal contribution to the construction of the Komsomolsk-on-Amur-Khabarovsk gas pipeline and the development of the construction complex in the Far East, he was awarded the Medal of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 2nd Class.
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