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Alexander Osipov: Not to implement raw materials projects in the economy in the Far East is wrong - EastRussia |






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Effective initiatives

Alexander Osipov: Do not implement commodity projects in the economy in the Far East - wrong

Effective initiatives

The First Deputy Minister for the Development of the Far East gave an exclusive interview to EastRussia.Ru on the site of the Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum - about whether non-oil economic projects will develop in the Far East, who will be responsible for implementing the plans and how to attract young people to the region .

- Alexander Mikhailovich, there is the following expert opinion: one can not speak of the development of the Far East in isolation from Siberia. Since Siberia is a source not only of natural resources, but also the territory of the concentration of qualitatively developed human capital: scientific and qualified personnel. What do you think about this thesis?

- I do not see any contradictions here. Indeed, Siberia and the Far East are a single macroregion, but at the same time it is also part of the whole of Russia. Therefore, it is wrong to pull out the Far East from the all-Russian economic space. These and other projects currently being implemented in the Far East: the Siberia Power pipeline, the expansion of the Baikal-Amur Mainline and the Trans-Siberian Railway, the development of the Northern Sea Route are projects that deal only partially with the Far Eastern region, they equally concern the regions of Siberia, the Urals, and the European part of Russia . There is no territorial delineation of the development of these projects, especially important for the development of the Far East.

At the same time, there is a point-based approach to development - through the territories of advanced development (TORs), through priority Far Eastern investment projects, which should become drivers for the development of these regions.

- The main principle according to which the state will create TORs and support investment projects is the ratio of funds invested by the state and the funds of private investors involved in the project: one to seven, one to ten. Who calculates the risks and profitability of these projects?

- A business offering development of certain projects, always considers their profitability, risks and profitability of investments for themselves. This is an axiom that works in business in general, and in Russian business in particular. Take, for example, an illustrative example of an American businessman Ilona Mask, the founder of SpaceX, which deals with the development of commercial flights into space. The company plans to launch into orbit 700 satellites, which requires an investment of 10 billion dollars. And his business takes these fantastic risks on himself. Nobody except the company investing in the project its own funds and funds attracted investors, does not calculate so thoroughly the risks and the expected effect of the investment project.

The role of the state in this story is to create conditions and infrastructure that will be interesting for investors, will allow projects to be realized even if the world market conditions are not very favorable.

- Who, in the end, will be responsible for the implementation of these projects in the parameters that were fixed at the start?

- As for responsibility, then we remember about it in the first place, and not always in a positive sense. And often the focus on responsibility restrains the initiative and causes fear of making decisions, does not allow developing ideas that could benefit.

We mainly consider initiatives that are already being implemented in the Far East and should have an effect already in the near future. Both the results and the responsibility will be understood. However, we must understand that now we are only at the beginning of a long road that will be difficult, on which mistakes will inevitably occur. But only those who do not try to do anything are not mistaken.

Of course, in the end, in any case, Minskokokrazvitiya will not be able to stand apart from the responsibility for the development of the Far Eastern territories, for fulfilling the tasks set by the country's leadership, having designated the "eastern vector" as a priority direction in the development of the country.

- It is known that the model of the Russian economy is more raw. Will the projects developed on the TOPs start building a new, innovative economy? Which projects, not related to the extraction of raw materials, will develop in the Far East?

- It is wrong to not implement raw material projects in the economy in the Far East, since it is in this area that a significant number of mineral resources in Russia are concentrated. And it would not be entirely correct to abandon our own raw materials for our own industry or to increase our export opportunities.

At the same time, we have projects of a non-raw nature today, and there are quite a few of them. For example, all three TORs: Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk and Nadezhdinskaya, which have already been approved by the Government Subcommittee and start in the very near future, are designed to develop non-resource enterprises. Here, high-tech production of components for aircraft construction (Komsomolsk), metallurgy and building materials (Khabarovsk), logistics and food industry (Nadezhdinskaya). We signed an agreement with the Singapore company Bitumina, it intends to invest money in the creation of an enterprise for the production of polymer bitumen in the TOP "Khabarovsk".

Next to us, the TOR project "Zarechye" in Yakutia is a gas chemical production of methanol, carbamide, liquefied natural gas (LNG), these are high-tech production. In addition to quality tourist and recreational services, agricultural enterprises will be established in the Kamchatka Territory. All projects can not be listed here, but there is no doubt that the main vector of efforts, of course, will be aimed at creating conditions for such projects.

- Obviously, the development of such a number of new projects will partially employ the inhabitants of the territories on which the projects will develop. But it will require additional labor resources from other regions of the country. What, from your point of view, can help keep and simultaneously attract young people to the Far East?

- Within the framework of the Ministry of Eastern Development this year, the Agency for the Development of Human Capital will be created, which will be charged with the active involvement of the population in the territory of the Far East. The main thing is to create conditions that will attract young people to the prospects of work and life in the Far East. I mean here, first of all, not transcendental salaries and some preferences, but the opportunity to get unique professional experience and competencies, the opportunity to work in high-tech projects, thereby building a forward and successful career. Nearby are the most technologically and economically developed countries: Japan, Singapore, South Korea. You can go there to study, learn from experience, do joint projects, etc. For young people it should be interesting and attractive.

At the same time, the development of a social and cultural environment in the cities of the Far East in which young people live and work comfortably is of no small importance. Good salaries and career development prospects will not be able to keep people in areas where there is no developed sports, retail, entertainment infrastructure, social services, or a sufficient number of cultural events.

- In your opinion, will Vladivostok become the third capital of Russia? For the developing Far East, should the concentration of at least some metropolitan functions in Vladivostok possibly have a positive impact on the development of the entire region?

- I do not think that this should be done artificially. Soon, the law "On the Free Port of Vladivostok" will be considered and adopted. This is significant, in my opinion, should change the dynamics of development of the city and, in general, the Primorsky Territory.

At the same time, the Russky Island acts as a separate project as the territory of advanced development. Here, in the Russian, this summer, it is planned to hold the First Eastern Economic Forum, which will become a platform for discussing the eastern vector of the country's development, for finding solutions, for cooperation with our neighbors, the most dynamically developing region in the world.