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Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
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Pink salmon will return

What awaits Far Eastern fishermen in 2015 year?

Pink salmon will return

The fishing industry is one of the most important in the Far East: every year hundreds of thousands of tons of herring, pollock, chum, crab and other seafood are harvested there, which then go to the sales counters and dining tables throughout the country. The specialists of TINRO-Center prepared forecasts on the volume of fishing in the DFO in 2015 year.

"According to industry science, 2015 million 3 thousand tons of aquatic biological resources can be recommended for seizure for 290 a year," Alexey Baytaluk, deputy general director of TINRO-Center, said. - Of these, 865 thousand tons can be extracted within the scope of the possible catch. Compared to 2014, the total catch can be reduced by almost 200 thousand tons. This is still preliminary data, which can be changed to some extent in the course of the procedures provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation, but, as a rule, such changes are insignificant. "

Reducing the catch does not mean that the fishermen will soon have nothing to catch. According to scientists, the potential for growth in production in the Far East is not exhausted: about 30% of aquatic biological resources are not being developed in the region.

At the same time, according to scientists, in the first quarter of the year, fishermen will be able to obtain more than a quarter of the recommended annual catch volume - more than 900 thousand tons of biological resources. According to the leading researcher of the TINRO-Center Alexander Vasilenko, the basis of the possible catch will be pollock - 768 thousand tons or 82,3%. The main trade in the first quarter will take place in the Sea of ​​Okhotsk.

What to do with Sardine Ivasi?

Some of the most popular fish species are sardine and mackerel and mackerel, of which usually produce preserves or salted products. Scientists note an increase in the harvest of ivas and mackerel in the Sea of ​​Japan and the Pacific waters, and at 2015-2030 predict an outbreak of Far Eastern sardines. The previous peak in abundance occurred at 1976 year, and for 6 years, the processing of catch only from domestic waters reached 370 thousand tons.

“This time, according to our forecasts, canned food and fish meal will be in demand on the market,” said Albert Yarochkin, head of the laboratory for the rational use of hydrobionts at TINRO-Center. - In addition to the traditional assortment - ivasi, blanched in oil, natural, in jelly, and so on, it is worth developing a technology for the production of combined fish-canned vegetables using not only tin containers, but also containers made from multilayer film materials. Of course, these innovations will require a certain technical re-equipment of the canning industry, which means that the costs of fish processing enterprises ”.

Pollock pollock becomes cheaper

Another important commercial object for Far Eastern fishermen is pollock. Fillets are made from it, canned caviar and liver, it is dried and dried, and also used to imitate crab meat in “crab” sticks.

The ODE (total allowable catch) of pollock for the Sea of ​​Okhotsk in 2015, according to the order of the Ministry of Agriculture, is 968,8 thousand tons, by 83,8 thousand tons more than in 2014 year.



However, scientists caution fishermen: significant supplies of pollock roe from Russia to the markets of Southeast Asia in 2014 led to the fact that it fell somewhat in price. Simultaneously, in the eastern part of the Bering Sea, a favorable situation for caviar production is expected, and the Americans intend to produce a sufficiently large amount of this product, which also can not but affect its cost.

"Caressing hearing" catches of salmon

Salmon, one of the most important commercial fish in the world, is considered a delicacy thanks to its excellent meat and red caviar. Salmon Putin-2014 was considered unsuccessful due to the fact that in the Far East, drifters and coastal fishing caught 359 thousand tons of fish, while in 2009 and 2011 the catches were 541,8 thousand tons and 504,6 thousand tons, respectively. Scientists call this effect preserved hypnosis from super-dogs, which makes the fishermen expect the same successful fishing in subsequent years. Nevertheless, forecasts for this type of fish are optimistic.

“The pink salmon will once again return their positions at the expense of approaches to the Karaginsky district, to the Sakhalin region and the continental coast of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk,” says Vyacheslav Shuntov, chief researcher of the TINRO-Center, doctor of biological sciences. - Basically, other species that did not disappoint in 2014 will retain their positions. Surprises, of course, are possible, but they will be local. Based on the available estimates, the total catch of salmon in the Far East has the opportunity to achieve “eye care and hearing” of lovers of salmon in 2015 in the level of 400 thousand tons and even exceed it by 10-20 thousand tons ”.

Where does the fish go?

Meanwhile, last year exports of fish and seafood from Sakhalin, one of the main suppliers of these products in the Far East, fell by almost 50%. According to Sakhalin customs, the region delivered to the world markets in 2014 almost 60 thousand tons of fish and seafood - by 45% less than in 2013, by 280 million dollars (this figure decreased by 20%).

"The most significant decline is observed in terms of exports of pollock and salmon," the Sakhalin Customs says. - In 2014, 15,5 thousand tons of red fish were delivered, 2013 thousand tons in 50,8. Against 19,9 thousand tons of pollock, exported abroad in 2014 year, - 55,6 thousand tons, exported in 2013 year. The cost volumes of salmon and pollock fell respectively by 56% and 62%. At the same time, for a number of other types of fish and seafood, a significant increase in supplies is observed. For example, with respect to the crab (2013 - 1 thousand tons, 2014 - 1,9 thousand tons) and shrimp (2013 - 3,2 thousand tons, 2014 - 5,2 thousand tons). More than in 2,5 times the supply of cod increased (from 1 thousand tons to 2,8 thousand tons) and halibut (from 130 tons to 400 tons) ".