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Import of professionalism
How the workforce mobility program works in a particular region
Photo: Screenshot from https://trudvsem.ru/mobility
In 2016, the enterprises under construction in Primorsky Krai began to receive budgetary compensation for the costs of attracting specialists from outside the region. Staff for the needs of investors on the spot is already being prepared, but this takes time, and projects are starting now. Relatively small by the standards of the regional budget, the costs of subsidies to employers for the latter are extremely effective: the state, according to their calculations, helps the business save up to 30% of expenses for high-quality employees moving to the Far East. In "Rusagro-Primorye" with the help of the labor mobility program it was possible to hire most of the top management. The demand for a new mechanism for attracting cadres is obvious: in 2017, the program will include the enterprises of Dobroflot.
No billions of investments in production will work without qualified personnel, and they are traditionally not enough in the Far East - even in the most densely populated Primorsky Krai. In fact, there are practically no unnecessary workers in the macroregion. According to the Department of Labor and Social Development of Primorye, on December 2 registered unemployment is only 1,29%, and 13,6 thousand unemployed people account for 34,8 thousand vacancies. At the same time, in the region, according to the "IBS Examination", there is a gradual flow of labor into the most dynamically developing industries.
In the long run, employers will also have a hard time. Due to the fact that the birth rate in the RF subject has been growing steadily since the beginning of the 2000-ies, the number of school leavers will grow in the coming years. However, in the structure of admission to vocational education establishments, according to the "IHS Expertise", there will continue to be a disproportion, alarming for the economy. On non-production specialties, universities will continue to receive up to 60% of entrants, to schools and technical schools - up to 40%. And the inertial scenario of development of events assumes that by 2032 the labor market of Primorye, while maintaining current trends, will be missing about 30 thousand people at all levels of education.
That is why the state in 2015 launched a program to increase labor mobility, which makes it possible to compensate businesses for part of the costs of attracting specialists from other regions of the country - from the subjects of the Russian Federation with an excess of labor in the subjects with its deficit. In the Far East, the Kamchatka and Khabarovsk Territories, the Amur, Magadan and Sakhalin Regions and the Chukotka Autonomous District are included in the Far East in addition to Primorye. The conditions for obtaining state support are determined by an agreement with the employer implementing the investment project. The businessman should not have any debts to the budgets or the collective, and the state takes on the costs of attracting the employee only partially: in what amounts, each region establishes.
In Primorsky Krai, explained in the Department of Labor and Social Development, the mobility program provides for the provision of financial support to an arriving worker in 2016 in the amount of up to 292,5 thousand rubles. Of these, 225 thousand rubles is state support, at least 67,5 thousand rubles are the employer's own funds. In 2017, the state support will also 225 thousand rubles, but it is planned that the employer will have to spend at least 75 thousand rubles for the arriving workers. The total amount of financial support for each employee will increase to 300 thousand rubles. Funds begin to be reimbursed after the first three months of employment. The employee in exchange for assistance undertakes to work for at least three years, the employer does not reduce staff during the period of receipt of the subsidy. In 2016, from the budget of the Russian Federation, compensation for employers was supposed to be sent to 29,4 million rubles, from the regional budget - 12,6 million rubles. respectively. At 2017, the support for employers for the employment of 187 workers in the framework of the program provides for 42,075 million rubles.
The program to promote labor mobility started in Primorye this year. So far, she has three members: OOO Rusagro-Primorye, Primorsky Plant Europlast and Shipbuilding Complex Zvezda. Rusagro is one of the largest pork producers in Russia, in Primorye, the company is building pig farms in Mikhailovsky's advanced development area, which will begin to produce products as early as 2019. Thanks to the technologies used, Rusagro pork will be much cheaper than imported pork, the producer promises. The Primorsky division of the Europlast group creates another high-tech production in the Nadezhdinskaya TOR - PET preforms and polymer caps used in the production of plastic bottles. The first stage of the plant is already working. The shipbuilding complex "Zvezda" in the Big Stone will specialize in high-tech vessels, at the first stage - supply vessels, including the ice class. Pilot order shipyard plans to pass in 2019 year, already now in its construction of the shipyard and the production of equipment for it involved more than a thousand people.
For all these enterprises, highly qualified specialists are needed, which are simply not yet available in Primorye. The Director of the Department of Labor and Social Development of the Territory, Liliya Lavrentieva, emphasizes that educational institutions are already starting to train such workers from among the coastal students, but this takes time. To attract already trained specialists to the Far East is not an easy task, requiring the support of the state. People, for example, will go to the east of the country, if you promise them housing. But not all companies implementing investment projects have the capabilities of the supervisor of the shipbuilding complex Zvezda, the oil company Rosneft, which builds six apartment buildings in the Bolshoi Kamen for shipyard specialists and has already passed the first 68 apartments in November. But in the framework of the program to increase the mobility of labor resources, the employer can compensate the costs incurred by the worker and his family for settling in a new place. Funds may be used to provide travel, housing, including the payment of interest on mortgage loans, training and retraining of the employee and his family members.
"Rusagro-Primorye" and "Seaside plant" Europlast "as part of the mobility program already employed 10 qualified specialists from the Moscow, Tambov regions, the Udmurt Republic and other regions of Russia, some of them moved with their families, they say in the Department of Labor and Social Development. LLC "SSK" Zvezda "plans to employ until the end of this year about 20 people. In 2017, the list of participants is expanding. It will also include JSC "Yuzhmorrybflot", LLC "Livadia Repair and Shipbuilding Plant", LLC "Krasny Vympel". These enterprises are part of the Dobroflot group of companies and will implement large-scale projects: the creation of a logistics center, the reconstruction of a tin can factory and ship repair facilities. In total, next year within the program it is planned to attract 187 workers from the surplus regions of Russia.
"State subsidies cover about 30% of our annual costs for employees involved. This is a very good effect, "- counted in" Rusagro-Primorye. " The enterprise would have to attract specialists from outside Primorye in any case: its projects are specific, and the local market of applicants with such skills can not offer, the company admits. "But without compensation, the load on our budget would be more significant, and it would in any case negatively affect the effectiveness of the business," they say in Rusagro-Primorye.
According to the company, the main cost items for attracting labor resources from other regions of the Russian Federation are apartment rent and compensation for travel expenses to the place of vacation. As part of the relocation, the employer also reimburses the cost of tickets and pays for the transportation of baggage. In 2016, nine people were attracted by the program’s subsidies, all of which were employees of rare specialties. “This is, firstly, our construction managers: the head of the estimate and contract department, the head of the technical supervision team. This niche in the local personnel market “fails”; it is difficult to find people with good experience in Primorye. This is also the entire top management: construction director, financial director, personnel director, heads of procurement and engineering departments, and head of automated control systems, ”they are listed in Rusagro-Primorye.
In 2017, the company expects to begin to attract not top, but highly specialized employees - the program will begin to receive line staff. Initially, the company announced for the next year the need for 17 employees, but now in "Rusagro-Primorye" they understand that "more is needed". "We will close vacancies in this volume in any case, because today we have a clear development strategy. When we began to work on the program for the current year, this understanding was not yet, RusAgro-Primorye recognizes. Therefore, we had to coordinate the changes in the list of employees that we planned to bring for this year in a strict order. Here, thanks to the specialists of the Department of Labor and Social Development, they went to meet us, showing great contact and client-oriented attitude. "
At the same time, it would be more convenient for employers to work with a program to increase labor mobility if they were not "restricted in job requirements and education of applicants", which are now fixed in the application. "Relatively speaking, we decided that we will bring 20 people. But in the process priorities have changed, and we did not need builders, but, for example, zoo engineers. If we were allowed to submit data only by the number of specialists, without taking into account their positions and specialties, this would make the tool more flexible, "Rusagro-Primorye stresses.
In the administration of Primorsky Krai with the wishes of employers are familiar and ready to work on their implementation. Mechanisms of the program need not only refinement, but also in a wider application, agree in the profile department. At the federal level, officials emphasize, changes have already been made in the legislation that will give an opportunity to become participants of the program "to all employers of Primorsky Krai developing the economy, provided that they lack the necessary specialists in the regional labor market."
According to the Director General of Changellenge, a member of the NP "Labor Market Experts" Andrei Alyasov, “the overall situation with personnel in the Primorye Territory is good today - there is an influx of fresh personnel. Another thing is that the demand in the region for them is not big enough and extremely limited. If we say what should be the program of labor mobility in the Primorsky Territory, taking into account this specificity, then it should deal with specific specialties. At the same time, the employer should also participate in compensation for the costs of moving a new employee in Primorye, as well as in the framework of the classical public-private partnership - that is, in proportion 50 / 50 ”, the expert believes.
"First time - within one or two years - the cost of moving the workers to a greater extent should be compensated by the state," said independent expert HR expert Alexander Sivogrivov, "So, as it is now in Primorye. Should reduce its share of participation in this compensation, or at least bring it to 50% .As the first time - it's clear, it gives the company time to develop - to start making real money, but then the business should take care of its employees. "
The vacancies of organizations in the Far East, which are participants in the program for increasing labor mobility, are published on the portal of Rostrud "Work in Russia" (trudvsem.ru). Here you can already get acquainted with 1300 offers of employers-participants of the program. For example, the enterprises of the Khabarovsk Territory PJSC "Amur Shipyard" and JSC "Uralugol" require miners, fitters, fitters, turners. In the Arkhangelsk region, JSC PJSC "Sevmash" needs pipelines, electric welders, etc. In Permsky Krai - machine drivers of underground self-propelled machines, riggers, electromechanics, power engineers are waiting at the "Eurochemusol potash plant", etc.