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Impact of the development of the Far East
Closeness to the countries of the APR turns the Far East region into the leader in terms of oil and gas exports
Today, the Far East accounts for 5% of Russia's total oil and gas production. However, due to the proximity to the perspective markets of the APR countries, its role in the oil and gas complex of the country becomes key. In recent years, the region has consistently grown and production volumes of oil and gas. Rosneft plays a key role in the development of the region's oil and gas complex. Its contribution to the GRP of Eastern Siberia and the Far East reaches 25%. More than 35% of the company's total investment is in the Far East. And the investments planned for the coming years will increase Rosneft's contribution to the growth of the gross regional product to 50%.
The largest fields under development are concentrated on the shelf of the Sakhalin Oblast, where Sakhalin-1, Sakhalin-2 and Sakhalin-3 projects are being implemented. As a result of 2016, 29,6 billion cubic meters were produced here. m of gas and 18,3 million tons of oil - by 7,2% more than in 2015. As a promising direction is considered the development of the shelf of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Arctic shelf.
Rosneft conducts geological prospecting on the East Arctic and Far Eastern shelves. Their resource potential is huge: 12 billion tons of oil and condensate and 11 trillion cubic meters. m of gas. Altogether in the east of Russia, Rosneft owns licenses for 113 plots. Their total hydrocarbon reserves are 3,3 billion tons of oil equivalent.
Over the past ten years, the company has discovered in the east of the country 13 fields and 167 hydrocarbon deposits, whose reserves are estimated at 2,4 billion tons of oil equivalent. Even in the context of sanctions, geological exploration works are conducted in full, including such costly types as seismic exploration and exploratory drilling. Thus, last year, for the first time in the history of the development of the Russian shelf, large-scale reconnaissance was conducted in the Sea of Okhotsk.
The next important priority in regional geological exploration will be the study of the depths of the northern part of the Sea of Japan. The work is planned to be carried out in the Central-Tatar section of the sea - its area is 30 thousand square meters. km, the forecasted volume of resources - 270 million tons of oil and 322 billion cubic meters. m of gas. With the help of seismic prospecting, prospective areas will be identified, which will allow us to conduct exploratory drilling.
In 2016, Rosneft’s production in the east of the country exceeded 40 million tonnes of oil equivalent. An important project of the company in the Far East for offshore mining is Sakhalin-1. Since the beginning of its implementation, 92 million tons of oil has already been produced. Several world records have been established: nine of the ten longest wells in the world were drilled specifically on Sakhalin-1. The implementation of this project brings serious profit to the state: according to the company's estimates, revenues from Sakhalin-1 to the budget of the Russian Federation before 2050 will amount to 6 trillion rubles.
To monetize gas extracted from the shelf fields of the Far East, Rosneft plans to build a plant for the production of liquefied natural gas. It will produce at least 5 million tons of LNG per year.
The key project on the mainland of the east of Russia is the "Taas-Yuryakh oil and gas production" complex, located on the territory of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Initial recoverable reserves are estimated at 166 million tons of oil and condensate and more than 180 billion cubic meters. m of gas. It is planned that from 2021 year here it will be annually extracted up to 5 million tons of oil. Therefore, Rosneft creates an energy cluster in Yakutia with the participation of leading international investors. Following the British BP, it included an Indian consortium of investors, consisting of companies Indian Oil, Oil India and Bharat Petroresources.
In total, by 2020, Rosneft intends to bring the total volume of hydrocarbon production to 315 million tons of oil equivalent. The greatest increase in production is expected in the east of the country.
Investments in redistribution
Today, the Far East lacks oil refineries. Approximately half of the oil products have to be imported from other regions. Therefore, Rosneft actively invests in oil refining. Over 60% of the total number of oil refineries in the Far East was built by Rosneft.
The main asset of the company in this region is the high-tech Komsomolsk refinery. Its products are in demand both in the east of the country and in the export markets of the APR. The plant produces motor fuels of the highest ecological class - Euro-5, environmentally friendly marine fuel DMF. In the coming years, the company will be upgraded, after which the processing depth will exceed 90%.
In 2012, Rosneft built a fueling complex at the Knevichi airport in Vladivostok, which became the largest in the regions of the country for the last 30 years. In its construction was invested 3,5 billion rubles. In 2016, the volume of "filling in the wing" reached 103,6 thousand tons.
By 2016, the company has already increased its share in the regional market of petroleum products to 30%. It is planned that by 2020 year it will grow to 40%.
Investing in infrastructure projects in the Far East for Rosneft means entering the fast growing markets of the APR. Non-freezing ports in the south of the region can work year-round. So, the Nakhodka marine terminal built by the company allows to ship 7,5 million tons of oil products per year. In 2016, Rosneft has already exported to the ATP markets 15,2 million tons of oil products - 15% more than in 2015. And in the coming years, Rosneft plans to implement two more large-scale projects in the Far East.
The first is the creation of the largest in Russia oil refining and petrochemical complex VNHK. The preliminary amount of investments, including investments in infrastructure, will be about 800 billion rubles. The construction of the complex will create about 50 thousand skilled jobs.
The second project is being implemented on the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation. Rosneft forms a unique shipbuilding cluster on the basis of the Far Eastern Center of Shipbuilding and Ship Repair. Its core will be the Zvezda plant, the first shipyard of large-tonnage shipbuilding in Russia. The new shipbuilding conglomerate will produce vessels with a displacement of up to 350 thousand tons, elements of offshore platforms, ice-class vessels, offshore and other marine equipment. The anchor order of Rosneft will be up to 70 units of new marine equipment and vessels.
Rosneft is one of the leading investors in social programs in the Far East. In 2017, the company plans to send 1,3 billion rubles for these purposes. The largest amount of charitable assistance falls on the field of education. Thus, the Far Eastern Federal University, the Maritime State University and the Northeastern Federal University for the years of cooperation with the oil industry received 205,4 million rubles. In 2017, aid to universities, colleges and technical schools in the Far East has already reached 92,4 million rubles.
Over the past decade, the company's work in the Far East has allowed to create over 28 thousand new jobs. By 2020 this indicator should reach 50 thousand.