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From the timber industry they squeeze cellulose
To be or not to be a pulp and paper mill in the Far East, Yuri Trutnev
At the end of last week, at a meeting on the development of the timber industry complex, Deputy Prime Minister Yury Trutnev tried to find out what hindered the construction of a pulp and paper mill in the Far East. Interest in the project since the beginning of this year, we recall, has already shown three companies, but significant progress on it has not happened yet. The meeting on the pulp and paper mill was made private, so as not to embarrass officials and investors, but some details of the EastRussia discussion were nevertheless managed to be learned.
At the same time, his first deputy for the Khabarovsk government, Vasily Shikhalev, said that the resources in the Khabarovsk Territory for the pulp and paper mill are "sufficient", but the foreign investor "needs to show resources within the framework of international standards." "Three Chinese companies are considered as potential investors, EastRussia, today the process is in the pre-project state." There is no queue: everyone is studying, decisions are not being made, "the official said. What exactly investors are claiming to enter the project, Mr. Shikhalev did not specify.
The first interest in the pulp and paper mill in the Khabarovsk Territory was recalled earlier this year by China's China Paper Corporation (part of China Chengtong Holdings). The Chinese group led the relevant negotiations with the largest Far Eastern timber industry company RFP Group from December 2016. RFP Group also has Chinese co-owners: 42,16% of the holding belongs to the Russian-Chinese investment fund, which founded the RFPI and CIC, and 90% of the company's products are exported to China. The key financial partner of the holding for timber processing projects is GK Vnesheconombank.
Representatives of China Paper earlier this year said that they are ready to invest up to $ 1 billion (57,6 billion rubles at the current rate of the Central Bank of Russia) in the pulp and paper mill with the capacity of 500-800 thousand cubic meters of pulp per year. The Chinese partner can become the majority shareholder of the pulp and paper mill, the RFP Group, a minority, was specified in the Russian company. In February, China Paper received information on the forest resource base, technologies and location of the site, in March - examined the site itself in Amursk, another visit of the company's representatives to the location of the pulp and paper mill was held in May. In the summer, the parties had to confirm their intention to invest in the project, but so far they have not done so publicly.
It should be noted that the RFP Group in Amursk already has two lines of the Far Eastern center for deep wood processing: factories for the production of veneer and sawn timber. Coniferous wood processing in cellulose is another possible stage of the project development (for more details, see the material EastRussia "Leaving the log"). True, while the group has focused on the construction of a plant of fuel pellets: the relevant agreement on the intention to invest 1,5 billion rubles. in a line for 90 thousand tons of pellets per year was signed in September.
First Deputy Prime Minister of the Khabarovsk Krai Government Yuri Chaika reminded EastRussia that the project of the pulp and paper mill, in addition to Chinese China Paper, also interested the Moscow OOO "New Russian pulp", who signed the corresponding memorandum at the third Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok. The partner of the project is Chinese China 22MCC Group Corporation. The production capacity of 300 thousand tons of pulp from low-grade softwood is estimated at 41,5 billion rubles, of which 30% is ready to be allocated by the company itself, and 70% - should be obtained through debt financing. LLC filed an application for obtaining the status of a resident of the territory of the advanced development of Komsomolsk to the management company, Far East Development Corporation (KRED). In late September, "New Russian pulp" announced the start of the site of the former Amur cellulose-cardboard plant cadastral work, which should be completed in a month.
Thus, the pulp and paper mill has as many as three potential investors - China Paper, China 22MCC Group Corporation and RFP Group, - and in the Far East, huge reserves of forest are concentrated. What then is the problem?
According to Vasily Shikhalev, Yuri Trutnev instructed federal and regional structures "first of all to determine forest resources for the future plant and create additional mechanisms that would encourage the investor to invest." So, the problem is divided into two main ones: first, where does the combine get the raw materials, and secondly, how to ensure the return of the invested funds.
The pulp and paper mill in the parameters proposed by the RFP Group needs about 2,5-3 million cubic meters of biomass per year, said Vasily Shikhalev. Forest, which can not be used in existing processing projects, there is any supplier. According to statistics from Rosleskhoz, the average proportion of residues that could be allowed for the production of pulp is 30%. For example, the RFP Group sends to the peeling for the further production of veneer at its plant only 40% larch, and 60% to start up for processing is impossible. 50-60% of harvested spruce is used to make saw logs. However, one of the meeting participants told EastRussia the entire volume of raw materials for the pulp and paper mill, only RFP Group will not be able to provide at the expense of its cutting area, the maximum is 40%.
At the same time, the allowed volume of logging in the Khabarovsk Territory is about 24 million cubic meters per year. When, at the meeting, they began to understand why there was no raw materials, it turned out that many enterprises do not share their land plots. "Some time ago, the Khabarovsk authorities proposed to work out a mechanism for seizing forest plots that are less than 60% mastered, but now this order does not exist, but it can be established through amendments to regulatory acts at the level of the government of the Russian Federation," the EastRussia interlocutor said. According to him, Yuri Trutnev insisted at the meeting that all enterprises that do not conduct timber processing, although they master the limits for 100%, need to withdraw the plots, but such radical measures "are unlikely to be adopted."
At the same time, according to EastRussia, Leonid Petukhov, the head of the ANO "Agency of the Far East for attracting investment and export support" (IPA), told Yuri Trutnev that there is a large reserve of unaccounted forest in the Khabarovsk Territory, and in his search IPA specialists for For the last several weeks, they have been going around the forest districts. By 2020, he reminded, in China it was decided to reduce commercial deforestation to zero, therefore, Chinese companies are searching for sources of pulp that could be supplied to the country from outside, but not more than $ 30 per cubic meter. This is the reason for interest in the site in Amursk by China Paper and other Chinese companies.