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Quality of life in the Far East without the participation of business is not improved
EastRussia on the social mission of business on the example of the leading gold miner of Kamchatka
The Far East is a region with huge riches, but it is necessary to take them carefully and try to fill them: the unique Far Eastern ecosystems are too fragile, the surrounding conditions are too harsh, too few people live here. The combination of these factors makes conducting any large business in the Far East, if it wants to be effective, impossible without social responsibility and observance of the strictest environmental standards. The experience of the leading industrial holdings shows that otherwise it is simply impossible to conduct business here. And only the development of social infrastructure will make it easier to do business in the Far East: to improve the quality of life and the quality of personnel. And this can not be achieved without uniting efforts, without investing both state and private capital.
And first of all, with such difficulties, those who are ahead of civilization are carrying it: oil and gas companies developing new hydrocarbon deposits, energy, leading substations and power lines all the way deeper, numerous companies of gold and coal mining, fishing industry and foresters, ensuring the growth of processing and export of resources, and ultimately - the power of the state. And only then, after the nature users, the real development of the Far East begins: settlements are growing, in which people are ready to live constantly.
Siberia and the Far East are declared by the president of the country Vladimir Putin "the development priority for the entire XXI century". The meaning of the "new economic policy" in the Far East is that the most attractive conditions should be created here, both for investment and for life. This policy implies a partial compensation of investors' expenses for infrastructure development on the part of the state. Direct subsidies from the federal budget make it possible to reimburse the costs of enterprises for the construction of roads, power lines and other basic infrastructure. In the areas of advanced development, the state is ready to bring water, gas and light to production sites at its own expense.
But the simple industrial development, the construction of new industries, and it is already obvious, the Far East does not raise, the population here can not be consolidated and not attracted - after all, people first and foremost need common comfort conditions, opportunities for creating the well-being of the family. We need new schools, kindergartens, hospitals, cultural and sports facilities. It is necessary to have a common understanding of what is worth living and working in the region.
Concerns about the quality of the inhabitants of the Far East historically have been small, and this history can not be changed - one can only try to correct it.
Large companies have long understood this - and without the advice of the state. They do not just do business in the Far East, and honest business - paying all the taxes they put in budgets of different levels. They create a comfortable infrastructure around them. Perhaps, and not advertising these achievements, but working purposefully and every day: just as measuredly as give tons of oil, gold and fish, thousands of cubic meters of gas and millions of watts of energy.
One of the most difficult regions in the Far East is Kamchatka. The peninsula, and actually an island, with a very complex logistics, which in the final cost of goods takes the lion's share. "Gold of Kamchatka" is a large taxpayer and employer: more than 2 thousand people are employed at the enterprises of the holding. The company does not just develop the production of precious metals. "Kamchatka's Gold" finances children's, sports, environmental and cultural-educational activities, supports programs in the fields of education, health, culture and youth policy.
A careful attitude to the nature of the Far East is an indispensable condition for the development of production. For example, Kamchatka Gold has been engaged for many years in replenishing the salmon fish population - the pride of Kamchatka fishermen - and is actively cooperating with the Association of Specially Protected Natural Territories of the Kamchatka Territory, which conducts many environmental actions. For example, the association organizes motor rides "Kamchatka Zapovednaya", during which activists tell schoolchildren of remote areas about the need to preserve the environment. And since 2016, Kronotsky Reserve, one of the most famous nature reserves in Russia, is holding a festival in defense of marine mammals "Sea of Life", which the company also supports.
Sport and culture in the regions of the Far East are developing and financing, as a rule, more slowly than in the European regions of Russia - according to sociologists, this is one of the reasons for the change of residence, although, of course, not the main one.
The most famous cultural and sports project of the Kamchatka Krai in recent years, which has already crossed the boundaries of the subject, is the dog sledding race "Beringia". This year 15 каюров have passed distance 2100 km on territory of two Far East regions - from village Milkovo of the Kamchatka edge to settlement Markovo of the Chukchi autonomous region. This result is included in the Russian Book of Records.
Today, few people remember this, but the ancestors of the "Beringia" were geologists. Active way of life for those who extract anything from the bowels is the norm. And, despite the fact that now the main patron of the brightest sporting event of the North was the government of the Kamchatka Territory, long-standing partners do not leave the race.
- "Father-founder" race Alexander Pechen, who organized it in 1990 year - a geologist who participated in the exploration of the deposits of central Kamchatka, - recalls the head of the GC "Gold of Kamchatka" Yuri Garashchenko. - I was also in the support group of the first "Beringia" and helped locate the canines and dogs in March 1990 on the basis of the Aginsk Frac. The race is dear to me personally and to other geologists.
"Kamchatka Gold" actively participated in the construction of the Kamchatka Naval Cathedral on the hill of Radiocommunications in the center of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky - this memorial temple, which perpetuates the names of all sailors and fishermen who have not returned from the sea, the first and only similar in the Far East. And last year, in honor of his professional holiday - Metallurgist Day - the company gave residents of the Kamchatka Territory a free concert of the ensemble of violinists "Virtuosos of Yakutia". The State Ensemble consists of young violinists - winners of international competitions. For 22 years of work the ensemble gave more than 2 thousand concerts in 23 countries of the world, the band was invited to perform for the decade of the European Union and 300 anniversary of St. Petersburg. Performances of such famous artists in the Oktyabrsky Hall of the Kamchatka Concert Philharmonic Association were warmly received by the inhabitants of Kamchatka.
An example of companies like "Kamchatka Gold" proves that only joint efforts of business and the state to develop the social sphere will make life of the Far East more comfortable. Let not gradually, but gradually, but enterprises of any scale that do not spoil the budgets for culture, sports, health and leisure, bring remote regions of Russia, like Kamchatka, closer to a higher level and quality of life. And, of course, I would like to see more such examples, and the business would have more opportunities and incentives to improve the social life of the Far East.