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How to live 100 for years and not lose your appetite
4 causes Japanese longevity - what secrets do Okinawans know?
Old age in Russia occurs in 59 years. This is the conclusion reached by a team of scientists from the United States, Norway and Spain. Researchers analyzed data on the health status of 195 countries in 30 years. Attention of scientists was directed to the so-called "senile diseases", actively developing with age. Diabetes, hearing loss, vision and diseases of the cardiovascular system overtake Russians too soon. Is it possible to avoid them? Is there a recipe for a happy life, where old age is inferior to the second maturity, even more meaningful, healthy and interesting? There is. This is indicated by gerontologists and people who turned out to be a living confirmation of a happy longevity.
The largest number of centenarians lives in Japan. According to the Ministry of Health of Japan, at 2018 a year, the number of residents over one hundred years exceeded sixty-eight thousand people, and the average age of acquiring “senile diseases” is 76 years. Not only quantitatively, but also qualitatively, the longevity of the Japanese exceeds the longevity of the people of other countries.
Studying the old-timers of the Japanese island of Okinawa, cardiologist Makoto Suzuki identified four reasons for a long and healthy life: food culture, physical activity, mutual aid system and behavior. Note that we are not talking about genetics, which plays an important, but not the main role.
REASON FIRST - POWER FOOD
The oldest practicing physician in the world was Shigeaki Hinohara. He died in the summer of 2017, at the age of one hundred and five years, and even a few months before his death he treated patients. Hinohara practiced minimal eating: orange juice in the morning, seafood, vegetables, rice, and twice a week, one hundred grams of lean meat. What is useful such a diet?
Oranges are the most common type of fruit in the world. For centuries, traditional medicine has used citrus fruits in everyday life. For example, English sailors were saved limes from scurvy, and women used citrus peel for cosmetic face cleaning. Oranges contain a large amount of vitamin C, necessary for the development and operation of the skin, gums, teeth, bones, brain, prevent fatigue and stress.
Seafood is loved by residents of all countries. They contain omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which reduce cholesterol levels in the blood, besides, they are quickly digested and gives the body a lot of protein. Iodine contained in seafood contributes to the maintenance of thyroid function. Meat squid and cuttlefish, for example, is rich in protein and vitamins B6, PP, C and does not have cholesterol. Crab meat is useful for iodine, phosphorus, lecithin and zinc, and pollock fish is a real storehouse of vitamin A. Incidentally, pollock is undeservedly considered low-grade fish in Russia, although pollock has more healthy fat than cod, although the fish itself is not very fatty In 2009, the Rosrybolovstvo called for the popularization of pollock consumption, and the company's slogan was “Take the pollock from the cat”. This fish is very popular in Asia, especially in Korea, where the pollock is the main diet of schoolchildren.
Rice is perhaps the most common plant in Asia, where it produces up to 90% of world crop, although it can now be found in any country with a humid subtropical climate. In India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Vietnam and China, poor people eat rice two or three times a day, the rich - at least one. Brown rice is rich in vitamins of group B, minerals and much more useful than white rice. And wild rice or Canadian in general was the sacred product of North American Indians, they worshiped him and ate on holidays. It is richer in proteins and has a nutty flavor.
Professor Kazuhiko Tayro, having studied the food of Okinawans for many years, came to the conclusion that the Okinawan food system is the foundation of a healthy lifestyle and longevity. Okinawans practically do not know what stomach cancer and obesity are, they have few strokes and cardiovascular diseases. Perhaps because the basis of food culture is the principle of "hara hachi boo," which means "eat until you are full of 80%." The professor also points to the special relationship of Okinawans to algae.
Edible algae - a source of minerals necessary for humans. The most popular of them - brown sea kelp, popularly called sea kale. This type of algae is rich in iodine. Already in the seventh century, Chinese healers treated goiter with kelp, and healers of ancient Polynesia advised seaweed to treat intestinal diseases. Why are there healers of Polynesia, when the Chinese emperor Kangxi, who ruled in the seventeenth century, ordered each inhabitant to eat at least 2 kg of kelp annually, and seaweed supplied by the imperial treasury. The Japanese eat wakame algae, saturated with an impressive amount of calcium (15 times more than milk!), Kombu, nori, chiziki, but long-livers nutritionists assign the exceptional usefulness to so-called sea grapes or green caviar - budi mind. This type of algae is extremely beneficial to the human body: it protects against premature aging, clears toxins, and has antifungal and antibacterial effects.
It is surprising for Russians that Okinawans, who have an average life expectancy of 82, eat a lot of pork. They cook it there in a special way: they cut the meat along with the bones, then boil the 7-8 clock, as a result of which cholesterol is digested, and collagen is formed in the meat - a protein useful for skin density and elasticity.
Okinawans, among whom are the healthiest long-livers in the world, prefer a varied diet, but do not go to extremes. A Japanese proverb says: "in excess and medicine is poison." From older people you can often hear: "eat everything, but do not overeat." The main thing, of course, is “everything” to understand the variety of healthy products, and not American fast food, which causes a sharply negative attitude among Okinawans.
REASON SECOND - PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
As already mentioned, the Japanese old-timers do not just step over a century, but also do it qualitatively. People of ninety, hundred and more years play golf, go in for athletics, martial arts and other interesting activities. They have the strength and desire to sing in karaoke with friends and spend time with their grandchildren at home. The reason for the vital activity of the Japanese at such a serious age, scientists see ikigai - a unique phenomenon of Japanese longevity.
Ikigay is difficult to translate from Okinawan dialect, this concept is close to our "meaning of life" or "purpose". Every Okinawa retiree found his ikigai: someone in a large family, someone in sports, and others in constant communication and help to people. The famous woman of Johen Shigo, who has stepped over a century, expressed her ikigai in this way: “My ikigai is to communicate with everyone, be friends and as long as I have the strength to do everything I like”.
No matter what a person does, knitting or gardening, any business requires planning, focus on the future. Japanese old-timers have a hobby and plan to deal with them in the future, as if, postponing old age, not allowing it to incarnate in all its harsh manifestations. When you have many great-grandchildren or students, go in for athletics or write books, you simply do not have time for old age. By the way, the Austrian psychiatrist Victor Frankl saw the cause of depression and even suicide in the loss of human meaning. The doctor assured that for a happy life there is not enough involvement, commitment, a commitment that a person can freely choose. The words of a famous doctor are confirmed by Japanese pensioners who know their ikigai perfectly.
REASON THREE - MUTUAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEM
Moai is another longevity phenomenon. These are spontaneously originated groups, where people initially gave each other financial or physical assistance, and then began to gather for games, singing, and just fun communication. According to the Russian biologist Oleg Gusev, social exclusion harms older people, and good relations with relatives and friends can prolong a person’s life. Another well-known old-timer of Okinawa, Itokazu Iwao, who also stepped over a century, said the following about his longevity: “I think my main secret is my family. I have seven children, thirty grandchildren and forty great-grandchildren. Every day they give me joy and strength to live. ”
REASON FOUR — BEHAVIOR MANNER
The behavior of the Okinawans distinguishes them not only from residents of other countries, but also from other Japanese. They live measuredly, do not hurry, do not hold evil, try not to be nervous about trifles, and the main differences are the communal way of life and equality. Okinawans do not see any reason to stand out with expensive cars or clothes. House director of the bank is not much different from the house of the teacher. The peculiarity of the Okinawans is that they prove their physical, mental and spiritual capabilities not to others, but to themselves, each day opening new horizons of achievement, regardless of age. Openness is another distinguishing feature. Okinawans are sociable and attentive to each other’s problems. “In order to live for a long time, in order not to become a vegetable, it is necessary to treat everyone well, to communicate with everyone, to have many friends,” is the secret of longevity of the well-known long-living woman Johy Shego.
Old age scares people with bad examples. We are used to associating retirement with retreat, feeling unwell and losing interest in life. For Japanese pensioners, old age turns out to be second maturity, where life plays with new colors, where there are no obstacles to playing sports or music, and age is only an invaluable experience. This whole art is the art of living a healthy and fulfilling life at any age. I want to believe that it is also available for our pensioners.