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How to live it is impossible and as possible
Special Corps EastRussia - about how the chiefs of the Far East consulted with prosecutors on the legality, corruption and embezzlement of budget funds
So it's impossible to live
The tone of the interested and uncharacteristically business-like, without hysteria, discussion of the current problems of the Far East, to the solution of which the prosecutorial forces of the whole country must join, was set by Yury Trutnev.
"No new forms of work will be able to change the economic, demographic situation in the Far East, if we do not solve the old, decades-old problems. First of all, this is a problem of corruption, - Said the plenipotentiary vice-premier.
"Everybody has a rumor about the story of the ex-governor of Sakhalin Oblast, Horoshavin. A criminal case has been opened against the Deputy Governor of the Jewish Autonomous Region. Minister of Sports and Tourism of the Kamchatka Territory was convicted for theft in especially large amounts.
Criminal cases were opened on the facts of misuse of budgetary funds in the construction of the spaceport Vostochny. Also, due to inefficient spending of budget funds, hotel complexes in Vladivostok, the oceanarium on Russky Island, and a number of other objects of the APEC summit were not completed. "Without enlarging and thickening the colors, he described the situation with the rampant bureaucratic crime of the plenipotentiary.
At the construction of the shipbuilding complex "Zvezda" in Primorsky Krai more than 4 billion rubles was stolen, but the former head of the Far Eastern center of shipbuilding and repair Igor Borbot and a number of his associates are hiding abroad. "All of them are on international wanted list," Yury Trutnev said.
"Corruption and ineffective use of budgetary funds have hit the backbone industries of the Far East - that is, precisely those industries on the basis of which the Far East could most effectively develop. This - extraction of minerals, timber industry complex, fishing, "- said the presidential envoy.
Since 1 February 2015 year the financial and economic activities of Kolyma refinery have ceased. "No special violations of law enforcement agencies were found, it was suggested to solve the issue in arbitration procedure," Trutnev said.
According to Trutnev, "the scale of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the Far Eastern Basin is threatening."
The difference in the supply of water-biological resources only to China and Japan, determined by the method of "mirror statistics" in the 2013 year based on the data of the customs services, is more than 200 thousand tons, and the difference in the customs value, according to the Federal Customs Service and the customs services of importing countries is over 800 million dollars. At the same time, due to violations in the fishing industry in the 2014 year in the FEFD, only 15% of the enforcement proceedings were completed with actual collection.
"In a significant number of cases, the fight against fraud and violations in the Far East begins immediately after the intervention of the President of the Russian Federation. So it was at the Oceanarium, at the Cosmodrome Vostochny, in a number of other facilities ... I do not understand why it is necessary to wait for the analysis at the level of the president of the country? "- he asked the audience. In his opinion, the most important facilities in the Far East were plundered and the terms of delivery were broken, but law enforcement bodies did not react to it in any way.
"A simple example is Dalspetsstroy. The monopolistic activity of this organization generated affiliated structures of the construction market of the entire Far East, sharply increasing the cost of housing. Now there are a half dozen criminal cases initiated, "Trutnev said. In his estimation, such activity of the company led to a decrease in the living standards of the Far East due to high prices for residential real estate.
The Minister for Development of the Far East told about another chronic problem, budgetary underfunding of the regions of the FEFD. He called the systemic problem "many times smaller, compared to the average Russian, per capita financing of the Far East."
"We conducted an analysis of the federal targeted investment program (FAIP - approx. Ed.)which is a concentration of budget investments, and in fact they are no less important than private investments for the accelerated priority development of the Far East. What do we have from the analysis of FAIP? In the direction of education, per capita financing in the Far East is less than the average for Russia in 10,5 times, in health care - in 4,9 times less than budget investments in terms of one person, in municipal construction - in 4,7 times, in culture - in 2 times. The situation is unacceptable, directly contradicting the realization of the national interest in the development of the Far East and directly contradicting the task of accelerating the development of our macro-region. Such budget financing shows that in fact we have not the advanced, but the inhibiting development of the Far East, ”the head of the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development noted.
Shell and filling
“A new development model has been created, based on expanding cooperation with the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, a new shell, giving the opportunity to provide businesses with the most comfortable working conditions - the territory of advanced development. The Law on ToRs contains a large-scale set of benefits and incentives for investors, a drastic reduction and simplification of administrative procedures; the regime of the free customs zone; tax breaks, simplified land use, ”reminded the participants of the new rules that will create new growth points in the Far East, Yuri Trutnev.
“The draft law on the free port of Vladivostok was developed on the basis of a study of the world's best practices in organizing the work of transport and logistics complexes. It will simplify border crossing, visa regime, including the establishment of an open sky regime, ”said Trutnev.
By the fall of the year 2015, mechanisms for the free provision of land plots in the Far East to citizens of the Russian Federation will be launched. "We believe that this measure will help people to work successfully, establish their own business, attract economically active citizens of Russia to work in the Far East," the presidential envoy noted.
The volume of private investment in the first three TORs is more than 50 billion rubles. "This initial amount of investments corresponds to less than a third of the territories of the TORs that are planned to be created," the minister said. The implementation of the first three TORs will create at least 7 thousand new jobs.
"Six more TORs are planned to be considered this month: in the Kamchatka Krai - tourism, resource orientation in Chukotka and Magadan, aviation industry in the Primorsky Territory, industrial and transit directions in the Amur Region. The planned private investment for these projects is more than 80 billion rubles, "- said Alexander Galushka.
The law "On the territories of advanced socio-economic development in the Russian Federation", adopted at the end of last year, entered into force on March 30. By decision of the government of the Russian Federation, TOR are created for 70 years, which can be extended if necessary. In the next three years, TOR will operate only in the Far Eastern Federal District. The Law on PDA permits compulsory withdrawal of land and / or / located on it real estate objects, as well as other property in order to locate infrastructure objects of the territory. It is allowed to provide subsidies for reimbursement of the interest rate on loans attracted by investors for the construction of infrastructure in the amount of up to 100% of the refinancing rate, as well as the use of other financing mechanisms. For residents, preferential rental rates, tax benefits and other support measures are provided.
“The second priority is the support of investment projects ready for implementation outside the TOR,” the head of the ministry continued. Under the chairmanship of Yuri Trutnev, the first 6 investment projects were selected for state support (125 billion rubles of direct investments, more than 87 billion rubles of tax collections for ten years, 8 thousand new jobs). These are projects related to the extraction of coal, gold, and iron ore. 12 investment projects are being prepared for consideration at the same commission (investment - 674,38 billion rubles, more than 300 billion rubles of tax collections and contributions up to 2025 of the year). The focus of the projects is agriculture, logistics, gas chemistry, ore mining.
Elevator in the real economy
Prosecutors and heads of regions were also told about the new opportunities for small and medium-sized production businesses by the head of the Ministry of Regional Development. "Thanks to new investments - both in the TOP and outside the TOP - we will be able to get demand for the development of small business in the Far East, to give it a new quality level. Large investors need industrial small and medium business, and not trading, which it is now at 80% is. Taking into account the forecast of the volume of gross output in the Far East planning for the 2020, we can forecast the demand for small and medium-sized business in the amount of more than 160 billion rubles a year, "- estimated the potential for SME growth Alexander Galushka.
For comparison, the entire federal program to support small and medium-sized businesses in Russia is estimated at just over 20 billion rubles a year. That is, the TORs in the Far East can give a resource for the development of small and medium-sized businesses in 8 times more than the entire federal program to support small businesses in the country. "The implementation of major investment projects, including state-owned companies, is an economic lift that can give a new quality to small business development," the minister said. He recalled the December decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1352, the subject of which is the regulation of the specifics of the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the procurement of state companies. According to the document, the annual volume of purchases from SMEs should not be less than 18% of the aggregate annual value of contracts concluded by customers based on the results of purchases (or not less than 10 percent of the total annual value of contracts concluded by customers based on the results of purchases, Business).
In the Far East, state-owned companies are implementing a number of large-scale and strategic projects for the development of the country. These are the modernization of BAM and Transsib, the construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome, the Power of Siberia project, the Rosneft and RusHydro investment programs and a number of others. We are talking about the demand for the services of the Far Eastern small business, estimated at tens and hundreds of billions of rubles.
Minskostokrazvitiya it is authorized
All amendments to the normative acts both on the formation of state targeted programs and on ensuring the advance development in the Far Eastern Federal District are planned to be made in the very near future. And Minvostokrazvitiya after the meeting of three vice-premiers - Yuri Trutnev, Dmitry Kozak, Alexander Khloponin - among the three territorial ministries will have the authority to agree on the granting of subsidies by all federal executive authorities in the interests of the development of the Far East.
"It is important that this money is spent efficiently, in a targeted way, went to the development of the Far East," - repeated the refrain earlier expressed by Trutnev's wish to the control and supervision agencies in the region, the Minister for the Development of the Far East.