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Kamchatka is red: one day is spent
In the Ust-Kamchatka region, salmon are caught on the Kamchatka River by marine seine nets of coastal fishing. The flock, going to spawn, cuddles to the shoreline in search of a native river - here it is met by a net seine. The drawbacks of this tackle are the high complexity of installation and maintenance, but with its help, up to 80% of fish is extracted. We decided to go to one of these seines to see what price the salmon gets.
"This is not the Black Sea, to rest!"
The way to the seine begins with a boat. His team is an integral part of every brigade. The captain, the mechanic and the captain's aide or a sailor, along the way, work together with the non-fishing fishermen.
“We will go to the seine of Aleksey Korunov,” said Vladimir Yakovlev, captain of the QOL-369 launch company Ustkamchatryba. - It is kilometers away 7, the journey will take minutes 50. There are enough difficulties in our work: a net is covered in ropes, they can be accidentally wound on a screw or chopped. Therefore, when approaching, it is necessary to calculate how to correctly draw the slit. Fishing is such a thing, here you will not wait for the weather. If there is a fish, then slowly and in bad weather you will go. This is not the Black Sea to relax, it's cold here! ”
On the "residential"
As promised by the boat captain, we arrive at the first seine an hour after boarding the ship. We are met by a team of non-watercraft
Throughout the way, fishermen are at sea. The exception is only a storm, when the nettlers go ashore to wait out the bad weather, and passing days, during which a part of the salmon population is allowed to enter the river to spawn. Inhabit fishermen on the "residential" - in fact, it is a floating barrack. There are places for rest and for lunch. Life here is cozy: there is a power station that operates radio, TV and radio for communication with the coast, as well as recharging laptops and other gadgets.
The crew of the sea seine net on average consists of 15 people: the brigadier, his assistant, ten fishermen, a crew of three boats and a cook - here it is called "kandey".
Andrei Karpitsky is the seamstress of the seine No. 268. If you do not know the details of his work, you might think that it is very simple and convenient - to work as a cook and receive a fisherman's salary. In fact, everything is much more complicated. Kandey gets up at 5 in the morning, and lies down at 2 one o'clock in the morning. During the whole summer every day he needs to make a varied menu for two dozen tired men. Cooking is necessary at constant pitching and in insane crowdedness. Not every cook, working on the shore, will agree to such a sea work.
"We must fuss so that we can prepare everything for the table. Breakfast starts already at 6 in the morning, lunch should be ready by noon, I serve the bake for hours to 16, dinner at 18. He talks a lot: when pitching, everything is poured from the pan! And there is not enough time here. How many times a day does the fisher eat? Yes, how much they want! Dinner is ready - eat, no - then wait a little, "- says Andrew.
Today's menu has already been planned. He remains on the galley to cook soup from the ribs, pilaf and fresh cabbage salad, and meanwhile the brigade is going to the next bulkhead.
"When there is fish, time passes more cheerfully"
Then we go with a team of fishermen on a special barge - the bulkhead. The process is not simple: there are an uncountable number of ropes here, and from the first time you do not understand who is pulling and where.
The net itself constructively represents a "wing" - it is a wall from the network that extends perpendicularly to the sea for a kilometer. Traps are installed at the sea end of the wing. The work's principle is this: a salmon running along the shore runs into an obstacle (wing), starts to walk around it and is trapped - it's easy to get there, but the exit is difficult. It remains only to go through the net, drive the fish one way and "pour" it into the tank, where it will be before pouring into the slot. But it's not as simple as it might seem. At a time you need to pull out about 300 kg of fish. Cold, wet, and my fingers ache with fatigue.
Throughout the day, fishermen search the net every two hours. On average, this work goes from 30 minutes to 1,5 hours. The frequency of the bulkhead depends on the approach of the fish. It happens that after several bulkheads the cages are filled with salmon, and the fishermen will have to wait until the catch is taken to the shore. And sometimes the approaches of salmon are small, and fishermen have to go through traps with just a few fish, almost in vain. In any weather, except for a storm, fishermen from dawn to sunset draw a heavy wet tackle from salty sea water.
"We have been working since April. When the fish is there, the time passes more cheerfully. Now there was a quiet bulkhead, and when the current is strong, it is very difficult. Between the bulkheads, there is an hour and a half to rest, "- says brigadier of the seine 268 Alexei Korunov.
Between the bulkheads and fills fishermen at the "residential" are doing what they want, unless, of course, there is no need to repair the gear. The exception is only the duty officer, who is appointed every day on schedule: he must wash the bulkhead after work, cut the fish and help the kandey.
Live fish - high quality
We were not particularly lucky: on the day when we went out to sea, the approaches of the fish decreased significantly. We didn’t look at the process of pouring on “our” net, and we went further in search of those fishermen who caught enough in a day.
In today's Ust-Kamchatsky region there are 6 processing plants: Ustkamchatryba, Delta-Fish, Sobol, Nichira, Energia and Vostok-fish. Following our goal, we passed the seine of almost all enterprises in Ust-Kamchatsk. At this time, some brigades were on the bulkhead, and someone rested on the "residential".
We arrived at the fishing ground lot No.272 under the leadership of Sergey Semin: the fishermen were just gathering for the pouring. "We raise the fenders, drive the fish to the cage, fill it in the cage, then reload it into the slot - that's the whole process," explains
Sergei. - In the slit fish will be delivered to the shore alive, and this raises the quality of the products. "
Outboard water enters a special boat with compartments through slotted holes - hence the name “slotted”. The capacity of such a tank is about 20 tons. Filling the slot, it is attached to the boat and thus delivered to the pier of the fish factory. The sailors leave the container with salmon to fish processing companies for unloading, and the boat again goes to sea with a new, empty slot. While fresh fish is processed in the factories, the fishermen harvest the next batch. And so it will last until the end of the salmon fishing season.
Published in the newspaper "Fisherman of Kamchatka"
EastRussia.ru - information partner of the newspaper "Fisherman of Kamchatka"