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Who does not take risks, he does not drink milk
The zone of risky farming is such a disappointing "diagnosis" economists like to put when talking about the prospects for the development of agriculture in Kamchatka
Residents of the Kamchatka Krai remember sadly the reindeer-breeding, plant-growing and vegetable-growing state farms that flourished in the Soviet era, forgetting that agriculture on the peninsula was always fully subsidized. In the 1990-s, the agro-industry was really going through hard times - private entrepreneurs invested mainly in raw materials and fishing clusters, and agricultural land was abandoned. However, the last few years have changed the trend: the region has been perceived by investors as a new source of quality agricultural products, able to meet the demand for food products not only among the inhabitants of Kamchatka, but also among consumers in the rest of Russia, as well as in Asian countries.
One of the key - and literally too - resources of the Kamchatka Territory as a producer of food products is drinking water. As early as the 18th century, the German naturalist Georg Wilhelm Steller, the first Kamchatka nature researcher, wrote in his work: "The quality of river and key water in Kamchatka is so good that it is difficult to express in words. The good quality of this water is evident with its constant consumption ... "The region has huge reserves of clean water, and in the face of the rapidly growing demand for this resource (according to the scientists' forecasts, by the year of 2030 the world demand for drinking water will double), one can expect it to rise in price. At the moment, Kamchatka water producers produce about 10-12 million bottles annually, while production capacity would be more than 60 million.
Equally important is the attraction of capital to the food industry in Kamchatka. In this market, the main player was the company "Agrotek", actively investing in livestock. The flagship pig farm, located in the vicinity of the city of Elizova, produces 1300 tons of fresh meat per year, and by 2017 this figure should increase more than threefold. In its fields, Agrotech uses its own fertilizers to grow green fodder. The company's general director Vladimir Rubakhin, who once imported thousands of pigs from Canada to Kamchatka, considers agriculture to be the key and most promising sector in the region.
Agrotech has already invested more than 1 billion rubles in local production facilities, and this is just the beginning: according to Rubakhin, the company's task for the next few years is to make the region independent in terms of food supply. Currently, the company plans to take part in the opening of a new agro-park, located to the north of Petropavlovsk.
Having a significant supply of clean water and thousands of hectares of land, much of which is now cultivated for the first time in several decades, the region has a chance not only to meet the demand of local residents, but also to become a major supplier of food and water to other regions.
Reference about the projects:
Agro-industrial park "Nagorny"
Where: Elizovsky district, Nagorny village
When: 2014-2019 years
How many: 3 billion rubles
It is planned that the park will become the center of agricultural production and trade in the Kamchatka Territory. In the area of 121 hectare large greenhouse farms, processing enterprises, warehouses for storing agricultural products and farms, a farmer market and a trade and exhibition complex will be located. Due to state co-financing, it is planned to create conditions for the development of agricultural production: to bring engineering networks (gas pipeline, electric networks, water supply and sewage networks), build roads and equip the sites. Installation of special lighting and heating lamps of Dutch production will allow year-round to grow salad crops in greenhouses, built by Agrotech.
Silver water of Kamchatka
Where: Russian Bay on the east coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula
in 100 km south of Petropavlovsk – Kamchatka port
When: 2014-2019 years
How many: 1414 million rubles
The water intake area is within the South Kamchatka Nature Park, far from populated areas and industrial facilities. The uniqueness of the field is due to the high characteristics of underground fresh water of drinking quality, the ability to load large-capacity tankers directly from the field. To date, exploration wells have been drilled there, water analysis is taken and a conclusion is obtained that it meets the requirements of standard norms. The samples were also analyzed in the state laboratory of Japan. Japanese experts noted that the received water has no impurities and can be used for drinking, cooking, making tea and other drinks.