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Salmon entangled in the border networks
Salmon path in the Far East was in jeopardy
At the very start of the salmon fishing season, the Far East is forced to suspend the work of the fleet because it is impossible to repeatedly cross the state border. As the general director of Polaris Vladimir Latyntsev told, for the mining fleet that operates in the territorial sea, crossing the border is necessary in order to drop bilge (oil-containing - прим. ред.) Of water, as required by Russian and international regulations on the protection of natural resources. Those fishermen who are fishing in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ), having entered the acceptance and processing of fish, can not go back without such permission. In their fishing ticket of the EEZ, the fishing area is indicated, and they need to close and open the border each time, again passing all procedures. Transport workers generally do not have a breakout, a copy of which is required by border guards to issue a permit for repeated crossing the border. Only for one flight from Petropavlovsk to Vladivostok the vessel is forced to cross the state border 3-4 times. The penalty for such a flight is 3,2 million rubles.
In addition, border guards may not issue permits to those companies that previously violated the law. "For example, in 2012, the Tymlat fish-processing plant was denied a permit for all vessels available to the company for a previous one by the captain, the penalty for which was paid in full. In a similar situation in 2013, there were also several large fishing enterprises. The fleet has risen, "V. Latyntsev said.
In 2013, the Frontier Department of the FSB of Russia for the Kamchatka Territory examined 343 cases under the article on violation of the state border regime, for which fines in excess of 55 million rubles were imposed.
Similar sanctions apply to both Sakhalin, Primorye, and Magadan fishermen. However, the problem is especially acute in Kamchatka, where Putin has already started in the Tigil region. At 1 June this year, it is planned to start commercial fishing in the east of Kamchatka - in the Ust-Kamchatsky, Olyutorsky and Aleut districts. For the rest of the region, a later date for the discovery of the fishery is established.
The border management states that the employees of the department act strictly in accordance with the existing legal norms: "We work as required by law. If the rules change, we will act differently. In this case, all questions to the Government. "
In the Office of the President of the Russian Federation on handling appeals from citizens and organizations, the appeal was examined and agreed with the arguments of the industrialists.
"In order to resolve this situation and ensure the effective operation of fishing enterprises in the Far East, we believe that it is necessary to initiate work in the shortest possible time to amend the Rules for obtaining permission for repeated crossing the Russian border by Russian fishing vessels engaged in fishing in inland seas, in the territorial sea, in an exclusive economic Zone and on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation, "it was said in response to the Kamchatka fishermen.
Meanwhile, at a meeting with the minister of fisheries of Kamchatka Vladimir Galitsyn, the chairman of the Kamchatka Territory Organization of the Trade Union of Fish Workers Igor Kovalenko has already stated that the situation "leads to an outflow from the peninsula of fishing enterprises". "We are ready for organized joint actions. Our task is to normalize the situation and allow the fishermen to work out the way peacefully and effectively, "he said.
Deputy of the RF State Duma Georgy Karlov is sure that the solution of the issue of crossing the state border has been “indecently delayed”. According to the parliamentarian, the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation on 5 of September 2007, No. 560, which establishes the rules for obtaining permission to repeatedly cross the fishing fleet, contains, on the one hand, a number of redundant state functions performed by border guards, and on the other, excessive requirements for vessels operating in coastal fisheries. “The implementation of these procedures not only takes time, but also, most importantly, distracts the fisherman from the main business he has to do - to fish and bring it to the shore. This is the task of the fisherman, and not to draw up papers an infinite number of times and wait for permits, ”says G. Karlov, member of the State Duma Committee on Natural Resources, Nature Management and Ecology.
The interlocutor noted that at the moment the work on changing the law, which, by the way, was launched almost a year ago, came across the principled position of the Border Guard Service of the Russian FSB. Border guards believe that the necessary prerequisites for changing this article of the law are absent. However, certain hopes, according to G. Karlova, suggest that the position of fishermen on the problem of repeated crossing of the state border was reported to the country's leadership.
East Russia help:
In 2014, the allowable catch of salmon in the Far East will be 320 thousand tons, and taking into account Russian and foreign drifter fishing - 373 thousand tons. At the same time, more than 194 thousand tons falls on pink salmon.