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EastRussia listened to what displeased investors in agroprojects in the Far East
At the end of April, another Agroforum-2017 "Far East and Siberia" was held in Vladivostok, gathering representatives of the authorities and the agro-industrial complex (APC). Why not all businessmen are satisfied with the unprecedented measures to support the macroregion, EastRussia found out.
And Deputy Agriculture Minister Igor Kuzin, noting that the self-sufficiency of the macroregion with food "is not as happy as one might think," said: "That is why the state and regional authorities are particularly active in implementing investment projects in the Far East ". As an example of state support, Igor Kuzin led the selection of investment projects in the agroindustrial complex to subsidize the interest rate from the federal budget last year. Throughout the country, he recalled, the projects for subsidizing were taken only in three directions, and from the Far East - by any. "This year, with the allocation of subsidies for new mechanisms for concessional lending between the regions, for the regions of the Far East and Siberia, it is planned to apply increasing coefficients in order to even more intensively, even more tightly approach the stimulation of investment projects for the production of agricultural products in the Far East," the official said. .
But not all entrepreneurs are in the mood. So, the chairman of the Novolitovskiy collective farm Nikolai Lemeshevsky said that the new policy of the authorities destroys small-scale agro-industrial enterprises. "To date, the support tools that the government offers Primorsky Agribusiness - subsidies, tax and credit benefits, preferences for residents of advanced development territories and the Freeport of Vladivostok - are distributed to 80% among large companies that have large volumes of their own capital. Unhealthy competition for products of enterprises of a smaller scale that can not become residents of TOP and SST, and also do not have such amounts of their own funds. industrial enterprises of Primorye Territory zakreditovany to 80% of the value of the total volume of the product under loans mortgage land and cattle worst situation is difficult to imagine, "-.. he said.
To correct the situation in the agro-industrial complex, according to Nikolai Lemeshkovskiy, it is possible through subsidizing the business at the expense of interest-free loans, which should be transferred by the state directly to the accounts of enterprises. "The agro-industrial business should develop at its own expense, rather than" borrow money "from banks that have attached themselves to the property of agro-industrial companies, like leeches," he added. "The situation in the agricultural market should be transparent, and the conditions of business should be equal."
The similar position is shared by the general director of TPK "Golden Valley" Vasily Tolochka. According to his observations, the enterprises of the agro-industrial complex of Primorsky Krai now simply do not have money. "We are told fairy tales about how we are ready to help, but the real situation in the village in the Primorsky Territory is still deplorable: people do not have the money to start a business." We are one of the few companies in Primorye that breeds marbled beef in Including those for sale, almost all businessmen who want to start a business buy cows, but today we see that sales are very low: people simply do not have the money. To start a business in agriculture, you need at least 100-120 million rubles. Subsidies amounting to one and a half to three million - very little, this money is enough only to have one cow and keep it at home. "
However, the authorities know about these problems. According to Igor Kuzin, the general problem of the Far East in the development of the agroindustrial complex sounds like "insufficient resources of both the federal budget and local budgets allocated to support agriculture." "In general, agrarians are satisfied with the direction of today's development of the country," assures the representative of the Ministry of Agriculture. "It is also gratifying that the agrarians of the Far East have moved to the active policy of entering foreign markets from questions of saturation of the domestic market with their own food." As the Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation noted, this year's agenda is the issue of the unaffordability for them of state subsidizing of interest rates on loans that is of concern to small agrarians. As Kuzin said, in the near future subsidies will extend to small forms of agricultural enterprises, employing one hundred or less people.