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Science in the Far East is being developed not only by scholars, but also by students
A young FEFU student invented a unique system that allows an anesthetic device
The project of the opening electrode for stimulation of the spinal cord, authored by the second-year student of the School of Biomedicine of the Far Eastern Federal University Natalya Boeva, took the first place within the framework of this section of the contest held as part of the next stage of the All-Russian Startup Tour in Vladivostok as "Biological and Medical Technologies". After the end of the tour, the correspondent of EastRussia met with Natalia Boyeva and learned her opinion about the contest, science, project and much more.
"My project is a system that allows you to install painkillers without surgery so that they retain all the advantages of flat electrodes. That is, those that are used in systems for neurostimulation - anesthesia in chronic pain syndromes. When the system is installed, its flat electrode is inserted into the spinal canal and located in the epidural space. That is, actually in the vertebral canal itself. It should be noted that now there are two types of electrodes: point (similar to rod), thin, and flat. Plane allows you to cover a large area of stimulation, they are more efficient and less susceptible to migration. But to fix them, you need to cut almost half of your back - make a large incision, and also perform a heavy operation. In order to establish point electrodes a sufficiently small puncture in the lumbar region, the so-called "lumbar puncture". The flat electrode of my system is established with the help of a lumbar puncture through a small puncture and is revealed already inside the person, "Natalya says.
Chronic pain syndrome (CHS) is an independent neurological disease characterized by long pain. As a rule, CHD occurs due to illness or injury. There are two main approaches in the treatment of HBC: medication and with surgical intervention, implying the introduction of electrodes.
Natalia describes the possibilities of using the electrode developed by her: “The electrode is needed for people with chronic pain syndromes, which are now numerous. Each year, 25 is operated on thousands of such patients. The spread of chronic pain syndromes is now even called a silent twenty-first century epidemic. The number of people with pain syndromes is growing at an incredible speed around the world. In this connection, centers specialized in the treatment of chronic pain are functioning everywhere. Medical methods (in other words, treatment with drugs) do not always help a person suffering from pain, and it is inconvenient to drink them in large doses by the hour. If such methods do not help the patient, then they resort to neurostimulation. Its market in the world is big enough. ”
According to Natalia, her project is based on research in the field of neurostimulation, currently conducted by the School of Bioedicine in cooperation with the Medical Center of the FEFU, as well as on the research of the material itself and the technology of its disclosure.
"The project manager is Biktimirov Arthur Ramilevich, a neurosurgeon physician. Specializing in the installation of neurostimulation systems, he brought this direction of medicine to Primorsky Krai. Initially, he worked in Tyumen. Once he noted the need to create an electrode that is introduced into the human body through the needle and opens inside it. I took his idea as the basis and began to develop the system. Initially, I worked on the development of an electrode opening mechanism, then I looked for suitable technologies. I chose among several options: the disclosure of "paw" or using metal structures. She also chose materials and settled on active polymers. This is a fairly modern material used like artificial muscles. When the current is applied to them, the polymers change their shape: they bend, unfold, or expand. After I decided on the material, I began working on the drawings. Now I am engaged in writing patents, I order polymers, because they need to "feel" and see how they behave in real life, "Natalia shares her project's history and plans.
As for students who are still only studying at the university, it is difficult to independently develop projects on their own, more often they are assisted by more experienced scientists.
"I was assisted in the development of the system not only by the project manager, but also by the engineers at the School of Biomedicine: Anatoly Bondar and Alexander Gumovsky. These are qualified specialists - quickly grasping and understanding all the details and nuances, they helped me at the very beginning, when developing the technology itself, and then watched that I did not throw the project, despite the need to close the "debt" for the first course. By their example they showed me how to work. Later, they moved away from the development of the project, as they devote themselves to their own scientific developments. Now I turned to the university teacher for help, but I'm looking for new young qualified engineers to work on the project, "Natalia tells her about her assistants.
Today, there are not so many students who study science at the same time as they study. However, there are various ways to attract students to research activities. Among them are the Student Scientific Societies and the Scientific Clock.
“I want to say“ thank you ”to the Student Scientific Society of the School of Biomedicine for the information support of the project. There are not many guys in society, but all of them are very initiative. For myself, I will say that I am a person who at some point suddenly became interested not only in learning, but also in participating in research life. I remember once I came to the meeting, where Arthur Ramilevich spoke. In his report, he proposed the creation of scientific research in the field of neurostimulation. At the same time, he noted that he came to Primorsky Krai because FEFU is very convenient for creating scientific developments - it is characterized by a “special” environment, on its basis there are Medical Center, School of Biomedicine, Engineering and various other schools. After this meeting, I joined the Student Scientific Society and began to engage closely in scientific activities, ”Natalia explained her entrance to science.
“The so-called“ Scientific Hour ”is an event started on the initiative of the FEFU Medical Center and its Chief Physician Oleg Igorevich Pak. The doctors decided to meet the students and give students the opportunity to study the science that is of interest to them. I combine a visit to the "scientific hours" with studying at the university in the specialty "Medical Biophysics". They are also visited by students who receive other specialties at the university - mainly such as “Biochemical Systems and Technologies”, “General Medicine”, “Biomedical Engineering and Robotics”. It is not easy to master such specialties “by books”, and even more so - to develop new materials for your projects. All the studied phenomena the student needs to see with his own eyes. Scientific hours were organized precisely for this purpose, why many students come to study for them. The “Scientific Hour” takes place once a week, on Fridays, directly at the FEFU Medical Center itself. At each event for two hours, students deserve a variety of reports from doctors working at the center today, and come up with their own reports on the research being conducted. At the same time, every Friday, the doctors of the center not only hear the reports of the students, but also work on their oratorical skills - they make remarks regarding their speeches, ”says Natalya about the Scientific Clock.
However, as Natalya specifies, while she was starting to develop her project, the "Scientific Clock" had not yet been conducted, and the Student Scientific Society helped her to come up with the idea of creating an anesthetic system, which, often enough to work with students Sometimes the present head of her project Arthur Ramilevich came.
Having completed the development of a stimulant, Natalia presented it at the competition of projects of the All-Russian Startup Tour. Where, being dignified by the group of experts, he took first place in the section "Biological and Medical Technologies".
"The victory at the Startup Tour gave me some impetus for further work on the project, since earlier I believed that my invention is just for me and my leader. It should be said that the tour also had a lot of interesting lectures. Especially interesting to me were lectures on entrepreneurship. In addition, an important event of the Tour was the so-called "Mentoring session", at which the rapporteurs received an opinion or opinion on their speeches from experts from all over Russia. Speaking at this event meant more to me than winning the contest, as I spoke in particular to the Moscow experts. They noted my project as promising and advised me to continue to do so. Thus, they inspired me to work on the project further, "Natalia shares her impressions.
The FEFU’s capacity is sufficient to carry out research in the most diverse fields of both the exact and humanitarian sciences.
“FEFU has a large number of schools, laboratories and equipment. Practically all the equipment I need to work on a project is either in FEFU or in the structures adjacent to it (for example, the Russian Academy of Sciences) or located outside of its territory, but accessible for communication. Therefore, the scientific societies of the University and the Scientific Clock of the FEFU Medical Center are of great importance for students, since they show them that the main thing is to come with their ideas on them, and then the curators will help you. Therefore, I want to say that FEFU is a good basis for “young” science and the creation of scientific research here depends only on the interest of the students themselves, ”Natalia expresses her opinion about FEFU.
Despite the fact that Natalya gives a lot of time to study and research, she also has enough hobbies: playing the guitar and practicing at the Reflection reenactors club, in which she is engaged in archery.
Natalia shared with us and her plans for the near future: "All my scientific work now is to work on the project. As I will end with patents and materials, I will develop a prototype - so that you can not only talk about the system in words but show that it actually works. After that, I'll look for a partner to conduct clinical trials on its territory. All this, of course, requires not only a lot of time, but also money. We can say that the most difficult stage of the project is now starting. If it can successfully pass, then it will remain to produce and test the trial lot of the system and to go out with it to the market. "