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EastRussia sums up Dmitry Medvedev's visit to the Khabarovsk Territory
Time of difficult decisions
"The difficulties that the economy is facing today should not hamper our plans for the development of the Far East," said Dmitry Medvedev, opening a meeting in Khabarovsk. "For these purposes, we are trying to orient ourselves more and more actively not only to our internal opportunities, but also to business ties with the countries of the Asia-Pacific region," the prime minister said, emphasizing the importance of his forthcoming trip to the Far Eastern countries.
In his view, the socio-economic situation of the regions requires difficult decisions. "If you do not make decisions on time, then, of course, the consequences of economic problems can be more severe, more significant," Medvedev said.
"Nobody except regional leaders no longer knows the situation in the territories where you work, in backbone enterprises located in the territories of your regions, according to the situation on the labor market," Medvedev said. "It is clear that the situation is different for everyone. Some problems are typical for the Far East, others have a local specificity, "the prime minister said.
With growth against the background of a recession
In all the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District, regional anti-crisis commissions and staffs have been established, led by governors, anti-crisis plans have been adopted, the situation in single-industry towns is being monitored, and financial stability of 290 major system-forming enterprises is monitored. "On average, the regions achieved optimization at the level of 4,2%, which is 28,9 billion rubles," said Galushka, assessing the work of regional administrations on sequestering expenditures of all budget recipients.
"For the sake of objectivity, it should be noted that the current economic situation in the Far East for a number of industries and enterprises is favorable for development," the minister stressed. According to him, the change in the exchange rate of the ruble formed a favorable economic situation for the coal industry, gold mining, diamond industry, fisheries, electricity exports and other industries. Some regions recorded an increase in inbound tourism from the APR countries - Japan, China, South Korea.
However, Галушка has sounded also some difficult questions in which decision, in his opinion, the federal government should participate. This, in particular, refinancing the budget debts of the regions, financial recovery of the main producer and supplier of electricity and heat in the Far East - the holding company "RAO ES of the East" ", state support and stimulation of the development of the housing construction industry.
Bad debts of good companies
The debt of RAO ES of the East is 83 billion rubles, its maintenance in 2015 will cost 18% on average (that is, 14,94 billion rubles), the minister calculated. And this, in his words, "carries with it the direct risks of the growth of electricity tariffs." According to the report published in March of RAO "ES of the East" for 2014 year under IFRS, the company received a net loss of 2,181 billion rubles. At the end of last year, she had long-term debt for 64,4 billion rubles (of which 23,36 billion rubles was before the parent company RusHydro, 14,56 billion rubles before Sberbank, 7,53 billion rubles before the Bank of Moscow) and short-term for 13,57 billion rubles (in including 4,92 billion rubles - VTB, 4 billion rubles - “Rosbank”, 2,83 billion rubles - Sberbank).
Accounts receivable of the company amounted to 23,1 billion rubles.
A little later, Kamchatka Governor Vladimir Ilyukhin started talking about energy debts. He recalled that under the agreement on crediting the local OJSC Geoterm (99,645% of the company belongs to RusHydro), the calculation with the Ministry of Finance is made in dollars, "while the debt, or rather, the loan to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development has already been paid." "The budgetary credit inside the country needs to be transferred to the national currency at the rate that was at the time of this decision," said the governor (in his presentation, it was proposed to do this at the rate of 33,4 ruble per dollar). "Indeed, it is necessary to switch to debt fixing in rubles due to the fact that this is quite a significant burden on the entire economy of the region," the chairman of RusHydro, Yevgeny Dod, supported the proposal.
100 million dollars for the construction of the Mutnovskaya GeoPP-1 Geotherm took the EBRD back in 1998. The administration of Kamchatka acted as a guarantor, and the Ministry of Finance fulfilled the obligation to repay the loan to the EBRD. In September 2005, the debt was restructured: the debt with installments until the year 2035 was transferred to the budget of the region, Geotherm agreed to pay these funds to the Kamchatka budget in full. But last fall, the dollar rate again rose sharply. According to the balance sheet for 2014 year under RAS, Geotherm, with a revenue of 864,5 million rubles, showed a net loss of 2,069 billion rubles for the year, long-term liabilities of the company exceeded 5,8 billion rubles by the end of last year.
Gas and possible failure
The Khabarovsk Territory also had to face problems caused by fluctuations and fluctuations in exchange rates - here the price of gas from the Sakhalin-1 project increased, which required almost 2,5 billion cubic meters per year. The governor of the region Vyacheslav Shport appealed to the chairman of the government with a request to support the region's position in negotiations with the company Exxon Neftegas Ltd (operator of the project "Sakhalin-1").
“Falling revenues have arisen in the region due to the peg of gas prices to the dollar and yen rates. There is the price of the issue, probably, somewhere 3 billion will be. We have suggestions on how to resolve this issue, ”said Vyacheslav Shport and named two ways to solve the price problem: rejection of gas from Sakhalin-1 or settlement of the price issue with gas suppliers on the terms of the region. “Let them continue to give us a concession so that we continue to work with them. There are real proposals from us, which we have already made. I ask to support them to be considered more quickly, because it is connected with tariffs for the population, ”Shport addressed Medvedev.
Meanwhile, there is no possibility to switch to natural gas supplies from Gazprom near the edge, they were previously announced for 2013 a year, but this did not happen, and the first stage of the Power of Siberia gas transmission system, the construction of which Gazprom began in September of 2014, will be only ready by the end of 2017. By this time, the Khabarovsk Territory will be able to receive gas within 4 billion cubic meters. m. per year.
The contract for the supply of gas Exxon Neftegas Ltd in the Khabarovsk Territory concluded for 2005-2025 years. According to the operator, more than 2005 billion cubic meters of gas have been supplied since 14. Gas is also used in the power systems of the Sakhalin Region, Kamchatka and Primorsky Territories. The Sakhalin-1 project is implemented on the basis of a production sharing agreement. In addition to Exxon, the shares are owned by the Japanese Sodeco (30%), as well as Rosneft and the Indian ONGC (by 20%). Exxon Neftegas previously reported that it "firmly intends to fulfill its obligations under the gas sales agreements."
Perekovat "Mechel" and sanitize TikhVTB
The head of Yakutia, Yegor Borisov, opposed the reduction of funds for projects under the federal target program "Social and Economic Development of the Far East and the Baikal Region." “Federal target programs have been reduced by 10%, the program for the Far East and the Baikal region is reduced by 41%,” Borisov told Interfax-Far East.
The Yakut governor noted that under the reduction were new facilities that were laid in the program. "I consider these objects to be incorrect. The Far Eastern program should remain as it was adopted, "the head of the region stressed. According to him, of 18 billion rubles, which fell under the reduction, 10 billion rubles accounted for projects in Yakutia and related to the construction of new airports in the region.
Egor Borisov hopes that the federal leadership will provide support in the matter of restructuring the debt of Mechel. “For us, Mechel is a city-forming enterprise, they own the Yakutugol company in the south of the republic and the Elga field. I recently met with the head of Mechel, Igor Zyuzin, we agreed that we would help solve problems, above all, with debt restructuring, ”said Borisov. “Mechel today has the opportunity to restore its production, and of course, we need to take concrete measures to ensure that this production is already established,” he added.
Deputy Prime Minister, presidential plenipotentiary in the Far Eastern Federal District Yury Trutnev, told the journalists after the meeting that it was premature for the company to support Mechel, which was in a difficult financial situation, with the help of state support. “When an enterprise is in a state close to lawsuits with banks, it is absolutely impossible to include it in the list supported by the state budget. First, they must improve the situation in the enterprise, ”said Yury Trutnev, recalling that“ the creditors of the enterprise are set to improve it. ”
Oleg Kozhemyako, acting governor of the Sakhalin region, on the contrary, asked to simplify the procedures for obtaining loans for small and medium-sized businesses that cannot be obtained in preparation for the next salmon patina. Kozhemyako in his speech suggested sanitizing the Pacific Vneshtorgbank, but at the same time preserving its branch network and deposits of the population.
And the bridge is still there
According to Levintal, at the meeting he once again drew attention to the need for the earliest start of financing and building a bridge in the territory of the Jewish Autonomous Region with control by the Russian government. “On the one hand, this will allow to get a growth point on the one hand, and on the other to give a boost to a number of other projects tied to the bridge. This kind of construction is a powerful anti-crisis project: hundreds of people will be involved, revenues will begin. As soon as the main project is implemented, others will immediately unfold - logistic, industrial park, agricultural, ”the interim head of the region noted. According to him, the prime minister supported his proposal. Acting governor of the Jewish Autonomous Region himself, on his next visit to Moscow, he intends to hold talks with the head of the RDIF, Kirill Dmitriev.
The construction of a railway bridge 2,2 km in length across the Amur near the village of Nizhneleninskoe in the Jewish Autonomous Region from the Russian side and the city of Tongjiang from the Chinese side began only on the Chinese coast. It was previously announced that construction on the Russian territory will be launched in October 2014.
His investor in 2014 was the Russian-Chinese Investment Fund, established by the Russian Direct Investment Fund and the Chinese investment corporation CIC. According to preliminary estimates, the construction will require more than 10 billion rubles. The project implementation will create more than 3 thousand new jobs.
The final agreement on the construction of a bridge between Russia and China was reached in June 2013 at the St. Petersburg Economic Forum between the first deputy prime minister of the Russian Federation Igor Shuvalov and the first vice premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, Zhang Gaoli, and the first agreement on its construction was signed in October 2008 years. At the first stage of the project implementation, the throughput of the bridge will be 5,2 million tons per year, and in the second stage - about 21 million tons of cargo. The length of the bridge is 2,2 km, of which the Russian part is 0,3 km. The bridge is primarily needed for the export of iron ore concentrate from the construction of the Kimkano-Sutarsky ore mining and processing enterprise. The estimated production capacity of the GOK is 8,3 million tonnes of concentrate per year. According to the original plans, the bridge was supposed to be completed in December of 2016. In China, the facility will join the Xiangyuanchuan-Haiyidao railway line, and on the Russian side - to the Trans-Siberian Railway.