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Leave all the fish in Russia?
This does not make sense!
- Sergey Anatolyevich, what niche will be freed on the Russian market after restricting the import of foreign salmon products? Are the Far Eastern fishermen ready to fill it with their products?
- Approximately 150 - 200 thousand tons of imported salmon were shipped to Russia. If we take the quantity, then our fishermen are able to deliver such a volume of fish to the domestic market. Another issue is quality. Norwegians supplied us salmon. And this is an expensive product. Of all the salmon that are harvested in the Far East, only sockeye can compete with it in quality. The production of finished products from sockeye on Kamchatka is about 20 thousand tons. So we can hardly offer an equivalent replacement for imports.
But this does not mean that the Russian market needs only salmon. All kinds of salmon are in demand here. And our fishermen are ready to satisfy this demand completely, even in spite of the weak results of the current season.
- Why did the Norwegian salmon originally occupy such an important place in the Russian market? Why import substitution with Russian products did not happen earlier? Or our fishers the domestic market is not at all interesting?
- There was a time when Russian fishermen found it very difficult to break into their market. Domestic retail chains offered a good price for foreign products, and wanted to buy our fish cheaply. It was at that time that the Norwegian manufacturers launched a large-scale advertising campaign to promote their products and the salmon began to win the counters of domestic stores.
For example, my company sells to the domestic market all pink salmon, ketu, coho salmon, all bottom-food fish species obtained in the coastal zone. Therefore, the volume of exports is commensurate with the volume of supplies to the domestic market. Approximately the same ratio is with other Kamchatka enterprises that fish salmon and coastal fishing.
Can we leave all the fish in Russia? It makes no sense. The domestic market will not be able to consume such a volume.
In one of the previous record Putin's Far East companies put on the domestic market an order of 240 thousand tonnes of salmon. And they could not sell all this quantity, although the price fell to a very low level. Already in the next way, we had to recycle the remains of last year's catch and make canned food from them.
- Nobody argues that domestic wild fish is better than artificially grown, brought from abroad. But still, imported fish has its own consumer, which attracts including the presentation of this product. Our fish does not look so attractive on the counter.
- We and our foreign colleagues extract fish in different conditions. If the salmon is grown in a cage farm, it is easy to get it, without damaging it, carefully trim it, and pack it.
Getting wild fish is much more difficult. We have to withdraw and prepare for sale several thousand tons in difficult, extreme conditions in a short period.
- Now in Russian stores there is an increase in prices for salmon products. Some "analysts" claim that fish companies are guilty, which speculate on the current economic situation.
- As for the growth of retail prices, this is not a question for fishermen, but for retail chains. Take, for example, pink salmon. Now our wholesale price in Vladivostok for this fish is 100 rubles per kg. But why the price of pink salmon in Moscow stores reaches 175 rubles, I can not say. Because the retail price is not dictated by fishing companies.
- Why do you sell pink salmon for 100 rubles, because in recent years, its price averaged 50 rubles?
- Such a price for pink salmon was in the record year, when the catch amounted to more than 300 thousand tons. In recent years, the price is not much different from the level of this year. For example, in the spring, pink salmon 2013 was offered for 120 rubles.
This year we were preparing for the way out, based on the forecasts that the branch science gave. The appropriate amount of supplies, fuel, containers, overalls was purchased, workers were hired. But science was wrong. Fish approaches were significantly less than expected. So, in the Ozernov region by the middle of August of the recommended volume - 29.388 tons - only 17.535 tons (59 percent) were caught. Including, only 6 percent of pink salmon (336 tons from 5.556 tons).
We sell some kinds of fish products at cost price. But the cost price also grows constantly due to rising prices for fuel, freight of transport ships. At the same time, the profitability of our enterprise for seven years has not changed. By the way, we sell herring and squid even below their cost price.
- Many of your colleagues expect that due to the restriction of fish imports, the state will pay more attention to the domestic fish industry, remove administrative barriers. Do you share these hopes?
- Yes. Today, the fishing industry is controlled by the order of 32 agencies. And the industry itself operates within the framework of 511 various permits. When control is redundant, there can be no economic development.
A lot has been said about the administrative barriers in fisheries. We ask only to give us the opportunity to work normally, earn and benefit the state, ensuring food security. I am sure that in the new economic conditions the fishing industry has got a chance to solve many problems.
For your information:
What is the price for salmon products:
- the cost of extraction and processing,
- freight of a transport vessel for the delivery of fish from the fishing area (6 - 8 thousand rubles per tonne),
- loading and unloading operations in the port,
- storage on the refrigerator, until there are free reflexions for the delivery of fish to central Russia,
- railway tariffs (1,8 million rubles per section),
- traders markups,
- 100% and above - mark-up of retail chains.
At the same time, freight and railway services during the summer season greatly increase, and the owners of refrigerators include "progressives" (the cost of storage increases while the production is in the warehouse). All this in the end form the final price for the end user.
Published in the newspaper "Fisherman of Kamchatka". EastRussia is the information partner of the newspaper "Fisherman of Kamchatka".