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The rest pay for those who have left: why Far East residents are leaving and whether it is necessary to deal with it - EastRussia |






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The remaining pay for those who left

Why the Far East is leaving and whether it is necessary to fight this

The remaining pay for those who left
Photo: Kuriles, oh. Seals

Leonid Blyakher

Professor, Head of the Department of Philosophy and Culturology of the Pacific State University, Doctor of Philosophy
About the fact that the region is leaving, only the specially trained blindly-mute-dumb hermit does not know. This is not statistics. This is visible even to the naked eye process. Less is the guests at a friendly table, less familiar faces on the streets. And simply - we are less. Games with statistics, with the technology of accounting gradually cease to give the desired result. Even in the ministry responsible for our "breakthrough" development, they admit that the residents are fleeing. They are offered, including by the author of these lines, the most various recipes of salvation from this misfortune. There are forums and conferences, meetings and brainstorming sessions. True, their effect is not particularly obvious. They're running. People who several years ago laughed at the very idea of ​​moving, today, in a whisper, admit: Yes, I took a mortgage (build a house) in Kislovodsk (Crimea, Krasnodar). This creates a special, not too joyful background for residents, asks hysterical notes in the speeches of the powers that be.

At the same time, the question is not even discussed: how much do you need? How many people should be in the region? What are they supposed to do there? Why do you need to "consolidate" the population here and attract a new one? No, emotionally everything is very clear. It's sad to look at empty apartments in high-rise buildings, collapsing production, trade, transportation. It's incredibly sad to say goodbye to friends and family. Yesterday they were, but today they disappeared. That is, they did not disappear, of course. Internet, phone create the illusion of their availability. But not for long. It takes a couple of years, and you realize that this is an illusion.

It is much more difficult to understand panic at a rational level, especially at the level of state structures. But they are. Both recipes are offered and programs are developed. And let's ban vodka. We will have the Far East healthy. Will multiply and multiply. And let's create some jobs with a “decent salary”? We will distribute land, we will build a bridge, and on that bridge there will be benches with all the goods needed by the peasants. Projects are all multiplying. Only the effect of them is not noticeable. What is the matter?

Let's figure it out. At the most superficial and coarse level. With the existing level of salaries (not at all high) and the available volume of the regional product, we will get a "natural" population - a little over three million people. So much can feed the Far East with the existing system of management. This number of residents here will be quite comfortable.

If the population is larger, and the type of economic activity is preserved, then it means that somewhere it is necessary to transfer resources, send money, food, etc. to the region. When the state has these funds, which decided to settle the region at any cost, there are no problems. People live. Do something. They get paid, they buy food, clothes, something else necessary for life. Consume health services, culture, education. In short, everything is quite soulful. One problem is not Far Eastern money, it is imported products, goods, services. As soon as the state becomes smaller, the inevitable problems begin with the Far Easterners. The standard of living is falling, not just “falling”, but production collapses, jobs disappear. After all, they were created not so much to produce something consumed, demanded, but “to be”. It was until the money came from outside.

Today, the region is experiencing just such a period of "compression". Not at all the first in its history. After all, in the Soviet years, most of the region's population did not have a relationship to the regional economy. They were military men and their family members, employees of the Ministry of Defense, workers of enterprises of the military-industrial complex, prisoners, etc. The rest simply could not feed them. That is why it was necessary to import food and raw materials, technologies and settlers, consumer goods and machine tools into the region. As soon as such an opportunity disappeared, the people went amicably from these, not particularly habitable places.

Something similar is happening today. Megaprojects and related resource flows are over. Reducing resources destroys jobs created "to be." Salaries are being cut, living standards are falling. People are leaving. Reducing the number of residents makes senseless work in the region of large retail chains, leading to high cost of transport, increase in tariffs, density of checks. The rest pay for those who left. This also affects the life of the Far East, adding arguments to supporters of departure. And in this situation, the migration from the region, the pushing of the population to the few remaining major cities is a completely objective thing. With the existing (raw material) type of management, the Far East is a labor-surplus region. And indicators of population density, which are operated by proponents of attraction and consolidation, are completely different.

Could it be otherwise? Oh sure. You just need to change the type of management - stop developing it and regulating it. Do you, dear state men, no longer have enough money? It happens. Not the first time. Are you tired of investing astronomical amounts in the region, getting a large and beautiful pshik at the exit? Also understandable feeling. Reconcile the fact that some more people will leave. Not because they are worse or weaker. Just an excess here. And the rest, as it does not sound monstrous, free from guardianship. Stop controlling every step of the entrepreneur, official, doctor, teacher, self-employed. People here live reasonable - they will agree. Take all your licenses, permits, regulations, instructions, prescriptions and put them on a distant shelf. There it will be good. What does not fit, transfer to the municipal level.

Let people work on earth if they can. And dear people, chosen by them, will divide this land to them. In fairness. Not? They simply will not be selected next time. Especially if you cancel all restrictions and "filters". Let people bargain if they have this soul. It will be bad to trade, they simply will not buy and they will go bankrupt. Therefore, let the “resolvers” stand aside for the time being. Let the doctor open a private clinic. No need to check and control it. Heals badly - they won't go to him. There is nothing bad if a good teacher opens a private school, and a university teacher - a private university. Is there a consumer? Let people work for him. Want to collect taxes? Normal desire. Provide services that are needed by these same workers and consumers that they will buy from you. These will be taxes. After all, the official, and the policeman, and the judge - the people in the household are quite necessary. Especially when they work not for myths and reporting indicators, but for specific problems and specific people. Among other things, you need to take care of the sick, without care, about the elderly. There is enough work in abundance. A variety of cultural and intellectual life is added here after the fact. It will not be in the "ratings", but simply the one that the residents will need, the one for which they will agree to pay.

And then, without investing megacums in megaprojects, not tomorrow, but not through the centuries you (we) will receive (receive) the Far East, which feeds itself, from which it does not leave. On the contrary, people will go to a well-fed region with huge reserves of everything in the world. People who are not attracted by powerful PR and benefits will go, but simply because it is more convenient to live here. Not tens of millions of people (yet not Florida or Thailand), but hundreds and hundreds of thousands of immigrants. And they will go to work not as supervisors and officials, not for jobs “to be”, but for demanded production facilities, organizations, structures. Well, or just to start your own business.