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Have cooled appetites
In the Far Eastern FTP have found an indivisible balance
At a meeting of the interregional association "The Far East and Transbaikalia" in Khabarovsk, local officials tried to draw the attention of Deputy Minister of Territorial Development Kirill Stepanov and the funds of the Far Eastern FTP to solving the chronic problems of their territories. However, their federal counterpart in the discussions defended the main priority of the current version of the program - support for the territories of advanced development and implementation of export-oriented investment projects. As it became clear at the end of the meeting, there is a shortage of funds here, but six months ago there was no certainty of receiving 42 billion rubles, which the ministry had already managed to knock out for these purposes.
Not a law, but a locomotive depot
Kirill Stepanov, deputy head of the Minsk region, reminded the audience that 2014 was devoted to the preparatory work. The law on TORs and the government decree # 255 on the procedure for selecting priority investment projects "that are implemented outside the TOPs, but are directly related to the formation of growth points in the Far East" was adopted. A subcommittee of the government commission for the development of the Far East was formed under the chairmanship of Yuri Trutnev - it will be engaged in the selection of priority projects.
At the same time, as Mr. Stepanov noted, in the federal law the role of subjects and bodies of local self-government in the formation of TOP is directly spelled out. At the stage of formation of the territories of advanced development, the Ministry will work with the regions on cooperation agreements, and within their framework to resolve issues that have not been settled by the norms of the Federal Law. "These are land issues, issues of transfer of real estate objects located in these areas, issues of financing, taxation", - he listed.
The official reminded the representatives of the regions that at the end of December 2014 was sent to coordinate the project in the regions of the FTP for the development of the Far East and the Baikal region, corrected by the ministry of Alexander Galushka. "I just want to say that resources are limited. But with the support of extra-budgetary sources and the means of the consolidated budgets of the regions, it is possible to promote key projects. From what we proceeded while forming the program - the transport infrastructure is certainly important, but not sufficient for the development of the Far East, and two tasks - support of priority investment projects and the creation of TOPs are aimed at forming separate centers of economic growth, which, like locomotives, will ensure the development of production facilities at The Far East as a whole, "he said.
However, the official recalled that because of 10% reduction in all budget expenditures instead of planned for this year 7 billion rubles. TORES are expected to reach 6,3 billion rubles. Appropriations, "but this is not yet the final decision, these limits can be adjusted both in the large and in the smaller direction." At the same time, one of the criteria for site selection will be the availability of developed regional government programs to support the creation of TORs and the development of priority investment projects.
At a meeting in Yakutsk in September 2014, Vladimir Putin asked the regions to develop measures aimed at supporting the creation of TORs and the development of priority investment projects. "How do we see the implementation of this mandate? In each region, regional state programs should be formed, since now the federal budget is formed on the principles of co-financing and project-targeted financing of regional projects. Funds should be provided for in regional budgets and regional programs. Based on the latest guidelines, if we are not talking about highly-subsidized regions, and such include most of the regions of the Far East, in the parameters of the regional budget, there should be an order of 30% of co-financing, the federal part will be 70%, "the representative of Minvostokrazvitiya explained. - At this stage we can not say exactly in what volumes the regional budget will be required for the formation of TORs, but within the framework of the budget planning of regional budgets, I propose that the relevant amounts be already pledged. Because the mechanism for financing the activities of the FTP will be based on the unbundling of two major events. Now it is absolutely certain which infrastructures will be required on certain TOPs or within the framework of investment projects ". According to the official, this FTP project is not final, it will "be discussed and coordinated in the ministries".
Investors and Passport Control
With this proposal, Kirill Stepanov agreed: permissive documentation is needed for the project review phase at the subcommittee: "We will go the following way. Now, of course, investors can not be given recommendations to prepare all the permits for their money on the objects that they are planned. But we must go in parallel - if the program is adopted in the current version, we ensure the distribution of those additional allocations between the TORs and investment projects. After that, when we have a common funding framework, we review the applications. And at the stage of these applications, it is not necessary to have project documentation, all the more agreed upon by the Chief Examination. You need to have a business plan, you need to have a passport for investment projects. "
In addition, a package of documents on the establishment of the Special Industrial and Industrial Economic Zone "Predmost" has been fully prepared in the region, "it passed all the approvals except for the Minsk region, documents were filed in November, the investment project is fully designed for private investment, no penny of federal money . But we can not create a TOP or an economic zone, there are no corresponding normative documents. For the next year, they will write subordinate acts. On a special zone, you can start working even today, nevertheless, the Minsk region is not coordinated. We ask to create both SEZ and TOR in the region, "he said.
Arguing with his Amur colleague, Kirill Stepanov noted that all by-laws on the territories of priority development will be written “no year”. Despite the fact that these documents are not available now, the ministry is already considering specific projects of priority development areas, four ToRs that have been recognized as priorities are prepared for creation in the coming years, “but this does not mean that there will be no work on others.” As the deputy minister added, the deadline for the submission of by-laws to the Law on ToRs to the government is set by March 1, and by April all acts must be adopted by April 1.
However, this did not stop their attempts to link the creation of advanced development territories with the solution of long-standing problems. Thus, the head of the state programs of the Ministry of Economy of the Khabarovsk Territory, Marina Avilova, reminded the audience that there are two facilities in the region that were also to be financed under the Federal Target Program, the Tungus water intake and the water intake demanganization complex in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. It is in these cities that two priority TORs will be created. But budget allocations for these hydro facilities were frozen, appeals to federal authorities did not bring results: “all federal ministries say that this is the competence of the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development”.
In addition, the bewilderment of officials caused the need to register in regional programs and budgets activities to support the TORs and investment projects. And lend financing from the calculation of 30% of regional funds at 70% of the federal will be in the conditions of optimizing the regional budget. But how to understand what to prescribe in them, if neither the volumes of federal subsidies are known, nor the specific measures to be financed?
The Minister of Economy of the Trans-Baikal Territory Sergey Novichenko noted that taking into account the decisions taken within the framework of the anti-crisis plan, a group of Baikal regions prepared an appeal to the Prime Minister to prevent the FTP from sequencing, and would like to be joined by the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District. He also noted that under the FTP in the province, allocations are made for not very effective measures, such as the construction of access roads to sparsely populated areas, while the edge is denied the reconstruction of a number of airfields, and the energy supply of Bystrinsky GOK is also in question. This idea was developed by his federal counterpart, saying that it should generally be re-targeted funding from inefficient construction projects, as well as unfinished investment projects for more needed facilities.
The deputy head of the Ministry of Eastern Development called this case “a textbook example of how not to work.” The construction program for passenger ships was planned in 2013 year, certain financing parameters were laid in it, events were prepared as a matter of urgency. “Their consequences and capabilities of domestic shipyards were not evaluated. As a result, when they began to review competitive materials, a discrepancy in terms of time, prices and quality emerged. There were also subjective reasons, when the competition was not conducted effectively enough ... We know the result, - he confirmed the worst fears of Sakhalin citizens, - the money went to the anti-crisis program. Kirill Stepanov said that the ministry asked to restore these funds from the anti-crisis fund for building ships with 2015 or from 2016 year ... But due to a real increase in the price of a possible contract, the authorities of the region will have to decide: instead of two ferries, there will be one bulk. At the same time, he noted, in the case of the redistribution of FTP funds, it is necessary to take into account the needs of other regions, which in one way or another lose the infrastructure facility necessary for them.
A Kamchatka representative asked the Ministry of Eastern Development to help control federal agencies: “There is a proposal that a ministerial meeting be held in the middle of the year with representatives of federal agencies that are building or reconstructing these facilities - are they ready to use the funds this year”. Another “unpleasant surprise” to which, surprisingly, Oksana Gerasimova, her colleagues “reacted calmly”, was the co-financing scheme 30 / 70. “When our governor at a meeting of a government commission in Yakutsk raised the question that for us and 20% a lot, we talked about 5%, and the head of the region, Vladimir Ilyukhin, assumed obligations for these 5% - we understood that this was a lifting amount. Today, three investment projects have been selected in Kamchatka, their approximate cost is 3,8 billion rubles, and 30% is more than 1 billion rubles. With our budget 57 billion rubles., It is unrealistic. According to TORAM - one in a high degree of readiness, hit the first in the top four. This is another 7,4 billion rubles. And we cannot physically find 30% of this amount. Here we need an individual approach not only to the Kamchatka region, but also to the regions of the Far East as a whole, ”she complained.
However, as the federal deputy minister assured the Kamchatka minister, the subsidized status and uniqueness of the peninsula are taken into account, "you will be given 5%".
The first deputy chairman of the government of Yakutia, Pavel Marynychev, also started by listing a wide list of the republic's projects, which, like in many regions, have been in limbo since last year (although there are no problems with the creation of TORs, he assured us). However, it was he who expressed a general question that bothered everyone, and was not explicitly asked by other participants in the meeting.
“Probably, the Ministry of Eastern Development is working to increase funding for the federal program activities. Is there any light at the end of the tunnel? Because all colleagues are looking at you with hope! ”- he addressed these words to Cyril Stepanov.
"There is always hope ..."
"And he will die last?"