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In the Far Eastern FTP found an indivisible balance - EastRussia | News Amur Region






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Have cooled appetites

In the Far Eastern FTP have found an indivisible balance

Have cooled appetites

Representatives of the Far Eastern regions and officials of the Ministry for the Development of the Far East discussed the forthcoming work on the practical implementation of the law on territories of advanced development, as well as the launch of industrial mega projects in the region. Details - in the report of EastRussia.

At a meeting of the interregional association "The Far East and Transbaikalia" in Khabarovsk, local officials tried to draw the attention of Deputy Minister of Territorial Development Kirill Stepanov and the funds of the Far Eastern FTP to solving the chronic problems of their territories. However, their federal counterpart in the discussions defended the main priority of the current version of the program - support for the territories of advanced development and implementation of export-oriented investment projects. As it became clear at the end of the meeting, there is a shortage of funds here, but six months ago there was no certainty of receiving 42 billion rubles, which the ministry had already managed to knock out for these purposes.

Not a law, but a locomotive depot

Kirill Stepanov, deputy head of the Minsk region, reminded the audience that 2014 was devoted to the preparatory work. The law on TORs and the government decree # 255 on the procedure for selecting priority investment projects "that are implemented outside the TOPs, but are directly related to the formation of growth points in the Far East" was adopted. A subcommittee of the government commission for the development of the Far East was formed under the chairmanship of Yuri Trutnev - it will be engaged in the selection of priority projects.

The algorithm of this process is as follows: first, the regions together with investors determine the prospective areas of priority development, the required infrastructure facilities, which must be rebuilt or reconstructed. These proposals will be worked out at the meetings of the working group in Minvostokrazvitiya. With the participation of the regions, the project indicators will be specified at the planning stage of regional budgets. After working out at the ministerial level, the projects will be submitted to the subcommission of the government commission for the development of the Far East, headed by the vice-premier and plenipotentiary Yury Trutnev. "At the subcommittee, they will be further discussed, we will hear the position of the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Economic Development, and on the basis of the decision of the subcommittee will prepare the acts of the government of the Russian Federation on the establishment of TOP. In the draft act, when it will be submitted for discussion by the government, it should be clearly defined - which objects should be created in the given territory of advanced development. This will be an additional tool for clarifying regional programs and financing parameters from the regional budgets, "explained the deputy minister for the development of the Far East.

At the same time, as Mr. Stepanov noted, in the federal law the role of subjects and bodies of local self-government in the formation of TOP is directly spelled out. At the stage of formation of the territories of advanced development, the Ministry will work with the regions on cooperation agreements, and within their framework to resolve issues that have not been settled by the norms of the Federal Law. "These are land issues, issues of transfer of real estate objects located in these areas, issues of financing, taxation", - he listed.

The official reminded the representatives of the regions that at the end of December 2014 was sent to coordinate the project in the regions of the FTP for the development of the Far East and the Baikal region, corrected by the ministry of Alexander Galushka. "I just want to say that resources are limited. But with the support of extra-budgetary sources and the means of the consolidated budgets of the regions, it is possible to promote key projects. From what we proceeded while forming the program - the transport infrastructure is certainly important, but not sufficient for the development of the Far East, and two tasks - support of priority investment projects and the creation of TOPs are aimed at forming separate centers of economic growth, which, like locomotives, will ensure the development of production facilities at The Far East as a whole, "he said.

Within the framework of the new FTP project it is planned to extend the implementation to 2018 year, to preserve the formation of transport infrastructure, "and most importantly - to lay tools and mechanisms for financial support for the creation of TOPs in the Far East," said Kirill Stepanov. Now, the costs that arose in the Far Eastern FTP in connection with the creation of TORs and the implementation of priority investment projects, provide for additional appropriations of 211 billion rubles, including 42 billion rubles. On creation of territories of advanced development.

However, the official recalled that because of 10% reduction in all budget expenditures instead of planned for this year 7 billion rubles. TORES are expected to reach 6,3 billion rubles. Appropriations, "but this is not yet the final decision, these limits can be adjusted both in the large and in the smaller direction." At the same time, one of the criteria for site selection will be the availability of developed regional government programs to support the creation of TORs and the development of priority investment projects.

At a meeting in Yakutsk in September 2014, Vladimir Putin asked the regions to develop measures aimed at supporting the creation of TORs and the development of priority investment projects. "How do we see the implementation of this mandate? In each region, regional state programs should be formed, since now the federal budget is formed on the principles of co-financing and project-targeted financing of regional projects. Funds should be provided for in regional budgets and regional programs. Based on the latest guidelines, if we are not talking about highly-subsidized regions, and such include most of the regions of the Far East, in the parameters of the regional budget, there should be an order of 30% of co-financing, the federal part will be 70%, "the representative of Minvostokrazvitiya explained. - At this stage we can not say exactly in what volumes the regional budget will be required for the formation of TORs, but within the framework of the budget planning of regional budgets, I propose that the relevant amounts be already pledged. Because the mechanism for financing the activities of the FTP will be based on the unbundling of two major events. Now it is absolutely certain which infrastructures will be required on certain TOPs or within the framework of investment projects ". According to the official, this FTP project is not final, it will "be discussed and coordinated in the ministries".

Investors and Passport Control

Elena Vasilenko, deputy governor of the Jewish Autonomous Region, pointed out how difficult it is to plan to support investment projects in the context of budget and organizational uncertainty. According to her, investors who already have projects and are trying to get government support for them must do a lot of paper work for this. "But judging by the amounts that will be allocated for support, but they are insignificant ... Does it make sense to spend money on expertise, financial conclusions - when, in principle, there is no likelihood of funding, after several projects have already been selected and the number of new requests for funds that are in the federal target program? ”she asked the deputy minister for development of the Far East. In particular, she gave an example, the company Petropavlovsk - Ferrous Metallurgy, which is going to build the Kimkano-Sutarsky GOK, found itself in this position. “The enterprise is stable, the investor is stable, work is underway, but the likelihood of receiving funds for infrastructure development from the federal budget — as well as the timing of receiving money — is unacceptable. What should be done to those regions whose projects are included in the list (at the end of December the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development has published a preliminary list of investment projects - fully ready for implementation, requiring minor clarifications, and requiring serious elaboration. - author annotation), But have not yet fulfilled all the requirements and are moved to the end of the list? And everything that is on the list - the state's money is not enough! "- said Elena Vasilenko. According to her, preparing all the conclusions on the project, whose funding is also not guaranteed, is very costly for the investor: "These are tens of millions of rubles. According to the Kimkano-Sutarsky GOK, if I'm not mistaken, there are already millions for one hundred and ninety. Maybe this part of the project at least should not be done before inclusion in the lists? ".

With this proposal, Kirill Stepanov agreed: permissive documentation is needed for the project review phase at the subcommittee: "We will go the following way. Now, of course, investors can not be given recommendations to prepare all the permits for their money on the objects that they are planned. But we must go in parallel - if the program is adopted in the current version, we ensure the distribution of those additional allocations between the TORs and investment projects. After that, when we have a common funding framework, we review the applications. And at the stage of these applications, it is not necessary to have project documentation, all the more agreed upon by the Chief Examination. You need to have a business plan, you need to have a passport for investment projects. "

Shapeless Pumping

The monetary issues were also of concern to the head of the Amur Region Ministry of Economy Vasily Orlov, he said that the funds are not enough even for the completion of the current projects of "high importance" envisaged by the previous version of the FTP. In particular, we are talking about measures for shore strengthening and reconstruction of the Amur embankment in the Blagoveshchensk area. At the same time, the official admitted, "taking into account the crisis phenomena," it is necessary to support projects of a high degree of readiness aimed at import substitution and food security. "We are preparing three TORs, one of which will work exactly, I mean effectively - the SIBUR gas-chemical plant, but there are a lot of issues with the land, with the management company, with the infrastructure, there are a lot of questions. I propose that in the near future a meeting be convened in the ministries on such practical issues, "he said to the deputy federal minister.

In addition, a package of documents on the establishment of the Special Industrial and Industrial Economic Zone "Predmost" has been fully prepared in the region, "it passed all the approvals except for the Minsk region, documents were filed in November, the investment project is fully designed for private investment, no penny of federal money . But we can not create a TOP or an economic zone, there are no corresponding normative documents. For the next year, they will write subordinate acts. On a special zone, you can start working even today, nevertheless, the Minsk region is not coordinated. We ask to create both SEZ and TOR in the region, "he said.

Arguing with his Amur colleague, Kirill Stepanov noted that all by-laws on the territories of priority development will be written “no year”. Despite the fact that these documents are not available now, the ministry is already considering specific projects of priority development areas, four ToRs that have been recognized as priorities are prepared for creation in the coming years, “but this does not mean that there will be no work on others.” As the deputy minister added, the deadline for the submission of by-laws to the Law on ToRs to the government is set by March 1, and by April all acts must be adopted by April 1.

Regarding other projects about which the representative of the Amur Region spoke, the Ministry of Eastern Development is aware of, “if there was money, the question would be removed.” And the funds are not enough even for the already selected promising investment projects. “What will happen if we, within the framework of the Federal Target Program, send 2 billion to engineering structures and the embankment of Blagoveshchensk?” This means that we are withdrawing more than 7% from 2015 billion rubles planned for 30 year and intended for financing the most important projects! ”He argued. According to Kirill Stepanov, it is necessary to look for other sources of financing. So, funds for hydroprotection can be found within the framework of the target program of the Ministry of Natural Resources, as instructed by Yuri Trutnev. “You all know that under current conditions the principle of the government is not to start new infrastructure projects, complete old ones,” the deputy minister appetites the regional officials, however.

However, this did not stop their attempts to link the creation of advanced development territories with the solution of long-standing problems. Thus, the head of the state programs of the Ministry of Economy of the Khabarovsk Territory, Marina Avilova, reminded the audience that there are two facilities in the region that were also to be financed under the Federal Target Program, the Tungus water intake and the water intake demanganization complex in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. It is in these cities that two priority TORs will be created. But budget allocations for these hydro facilities were frozen, appeals to federal authorities did not bring results: “all federal ministries say that this is the competence of the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development”.

In addition, the bewilderment of officials caused the need to register in regional programs and budgets activities to support the TORs and investment projects. And lend financing from the calculation of 30% of regional funds at 70% of the federal will be in the conditions of optimizing the regional budget. But how to understand what to prescribe in them, if neither the volumes of federal subsidies are known, nor the specific measures to be financed?

"I can advise - see how our FTP is being built. We, including, therefore, did not follow the path of the object-wide distribution of funds for the implementation of its activities. And we see in this in the current situation more pluses than minuses. Plan your expenses, not exactly, not up to the ruble - so that the implementation of these projects is included in your budget parameters, "the federal official shared his views. As for the two long-term construction projects in Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Khabarovsk mentioned by Khabarovsk, if the region can justify that these or those objects are directly related to the formation of the infrastructure of the TORs, sources will be found for their creation.

Distribution rod

The Minister of Economy of the Trans-Baikal Territory Sergey Novichenko noted that taking into account the decisions taken within the framework of the anti-crisis plan, a group of Baikal regions prepared an appeal to the Prime Minister to prevent the FTP from sequencing, and would like to be joined by the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District. He also noted that under the FTP in the province, allocations are made for not very effective measures, such as the construction of access roads to sparsely populated areas, while the edge is denied the reconstruction of a number of airfields, and the energy supply of Bystrinsky GOK is also in question. This idea was developed by his federal counterpart, saying that it should generally be re-targeted funding from inefficient construction projects, as well as unfinished investment projects for more needed facilities.

Deputy Minister of Economic Development of the Sakhalin Region Irina Yakunina said that the "anti-crisis plan" measures "went" 3,2 billion rubles, intended in 2014 for the development of ferry communication between the island and the mainland. Rosmorport held a tender for a general contract (for the construction of new vessels. author annotation), But the general contractor was undecided. "The funds will be restored, given that this is the main way of communication with the mainland, because this federal customer has not fulfilled its obligations? And ferries are vitally important for us, they will be out of action by the year 2020! ", The official complained.

The deputy head of the Ministry of Eastern Development called this case “a textbook example of how not to work.” The construction program for passenger ships was planned in 2013 year, certain financing parameters were laid in it, events were prepared as a matter of urgency. “Their consequences and capabilities of domestic shipyards were not evaluated. As a result, when they began to review competitive materials, a discrepancy in terms of time, prices and quality emerged. There were also subjective reasons, when the competition was not conducted effectively enough ... We know the result, - he confirmed the worst fears of Sakhalin citizens, - the money went to the anti-crisis program. Kirill Stepanov said that the ministry asked to restore these funds from the anti-crisis fund for building ships with 2015 or from 2016 year ... But due to a real increase in the price of a possible contract, the authorities of the region will have to decide: instead of two ferries, there will be one bulk. At the same time, he noted, in the case of the redistribution of FTP funds, it is necessary to take into account the needs of other regions, which in one way or another lose the infrastructure facility necessary for them.

The idea of ​​redistributing funds between regions, if an infrastructure facility is incomplete in one of them or the investment project documentation is not finalized, did not delight Oksana Gerasimov, Kamchatka Krai's Minister of Investments and Entrepreneurship. “We propose redistribution within the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Today, according to the appropriations that go through the executive bodies of the subjects, the execution is 100%. Of the planned 3,5 billion rubles. regional 800 million rubles. mastered completely. At the same time, if the performers are federal authorities, the performance leaves much to be desired. For example, the airport in the village of Ossora. During the state expert review, the cost was reduced by 300 million rubles, while the general contractor, approved by a government decree, refused to sign the agreement, today it has not been signed. It turns out that last year the funds for this object were not transferred! ”.

A Kamchatka representative asked the Ministry of Eastern Development to help control federal agencies: “There is a proposal that a ministerial meeting be held in the middle of the year with representatives of federal agencies that are building or reconstructing these facilities - are they ready to use the funds this year”. Another “unpleasant surprise” to which, surprisingly, Oksana Gerasimova, her colleagues “reacted calmly”, was the co-financing scheme 30 / 70. “When our governor at a meeting of a government commission in Yakutsk raised the question that for us and 20% a lot, we talked about 5%, and the head of the region, Vladimir Ilyukhin, assumed obligations for these 5% - we understood that this was a lifting amount. Today, three investment projects have been selected in Kamchatka, their approximate cost is 3,8 billion rubles, and 30% is more than 1 billion rubles. With our budget 57 billion rubles., It is unrealistic. According to TORAM - one in a high degree of readiness, hit the first in the top four. This is another 7,4 billion rubles. And we cannot physically find 30% of this amount. Here we need an individual approach not only to the Kamchatka region, but also to the regions of the Far East as a whole, ”she complained.

However, as the federal deputy minister assured the Kamchatka minister, the subsidized status and uniqueness of the peninsula are taken into account, "you will be given 5%".

The first deputy chairman of the government of Yakutia, Pavel Marynychev, also started by listing a wide list of the republic's projects, which, like in many regions, have been in limbo since last year (although there are no problems with the creation of TORs, he assured us). However, it was he who expressed a general question that bothered everyone, and was not explicitly asked by other participants in the meeting.

“Probably, the Ministry of Eastern Development is working to increase funding for the federal program activities. Is there any light at the end of the tunnel? Because all colleagues are looking at you with hope! ”- he addressed these words to Cyril Stepanov.

"There is always hope ..."

"And he will die last?"

"Look, we did not expect in the middle of last year, before the budget commission, that we will lose 42 billion. But they gave it? - appealed to the results already received by the deputy minister for the development of the Far East. - Therefore, there is always hope. Therefore, the main thing now is to work together in a very coordinated way according to the Federal Target Program. If we do not work, the money will come and go. We need to accept the program, and then we will have an application for further budgetary financing. "