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Ferries in the Far East do not wait: EastRussia analyzes existing and prospective ferry lines in the Far East - EastRussia |






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Ferries in the Far East do not wait

To the two and a half operating ferry lines in the Far East, it is possible to add silent new ones in the near future - only two. And then - will they add - depends more on the Chinese side

Ferries in the Far East do not wait
At the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, many guests from Asia (from the number of new arrivals) noted the sudden proximity of the Russian territory to their countries. "It's just a whole hour and a half or two hours - and we are in Russia," they said. "It's closer than Singapore!" Closer than Taipei! It's amazing how close we are to each other! "

It would seem an obvious fact - enough elementary knowledge of the world map to realize this closeness. But the reality is that many neighbors, as it turns out, do not even look at this part of the map. This is evidenced by real communication between such regions close to each other - the South of the Far East, Japan and South Korea.

For a conditional comparison: the population of Corsica - the island region of France, located in the Mediterranean Sea - 322 thousand people. The population of Sakhalin is over 500 thousand people. The distance between Ajaccio and Marseille is roughly comparable to the distance between Vanino and Kholmsk. Vanino - Kholmsk even shorter - percent on 30. Corsica is connected by daily ferry lines with at least three ports of the south of France: Toulon, Marseille and Nice. And also with Genoa, Livorno, Naples and other Italian ports. Ferries go strictly on schedule, loading and unloading in the port takes exactly 1 hour, buy tickets and register online. Today Sakhalin has two regular lines. Vanino-Kholmsk is a link to mainland Russia. There are three ferries on the line, there are no long-term departure schedules, as there are no even the most primitive online functions.

Pump can be further. Thus, the Georg Ots ferry arrived in Vladivostok in the 2010 year (albeit with completely different goals, but still) operated as a hotel at the APEC Summit in the 2012 year, and after being unclaimed, it was scrapped in China as a result of fraud. The situation is no better in the air - Vladivostok and Tokyo connect the entire 3 flight a week. This is about 450 seats per week. Khabarovsk and Tokyo - 2 flight. That is about 300 seats per week. Seoul and Tokyo have 280 flights per week, i.e. 42 000 flights. Busan to Tokyo - over 40 flights per week, i.e. 6 000 seats.

In general, three cargo-and-passenger sea ferry lines operate in the Russian Far East: Vanino-Kholmsk (between the Khabarovsk Territory and the Sakhalin Region), Korsakov-Vakkanai (between the Sakhalin Oblast and the Japanese island of Hokkaido), Vladivostok-Dongha (South Korea) -Sakaiminato (Japan) - Donhe (South Korea) - Vladivostok.

Ferry crossing Vanino - Kholmsk Provides more than 75% of all freight traffic and about 25% of passenger traffic (an average of more than 60 000 passengers is transported throughout the year) between Sakhalin Island and the mainland of the Russian Federation. The length of the line is 140 nautical miles. Today, three ferries of the 1809 project operate on the Vanino-Kholmsk railway ferry line: "Sakhalin-8" (1985 year of construction), "Sakhalin-9" (1986). Based on the service life (30 years), these ferries must be decommissioned in the very near future.

Ferry crossing Korsakov - Wakkanai Is a length of 43 km. It was opened in 1923 year, in its work there was a break - in 1945-1998 years, after which it resumed its operation - the motor ship "Ains Soya" of the Japanese company Heartland Ferry performed about 30 flights from June to September, transporting passengers up to Until 2015 year. Then again, a break occurred in the operation of the crossing - until August 2016, due to the fact that its route was unprofitable. Since August of the current year and up to the present, the catamaran "Penguin-33" has been running along this ferry. True, this is no longer a full-fledged ferry crossing - the catamaran carries only passengers and small loads.

Ferry crossing Vladivostok - Donghe (South Korea) - Sakaiminato (Japan) -Donhe - Vladivostok Began its work in early July 2009 year. The final decision on its functioning was made as a result of a personal agreement between the former governor of Primorye, Sergei Darkin, with the governors of the Japanese prefecture of Tottori and the South Korean province of Kangwon. The cruise of her ferry "Eastern Dream" (the South Korean production, 1993 year of construction), as seen from the route, is carried out between three countries - Russia, South Korea and Japan. In turn, it is focused on the transportation of general cargo and passenger and tourist services. Its capacity is 500 people, 66 cars and 130 containers for lengths in 140 m, width - 20 m. The ferry has cabins of three classes and two royal cabins, also there is a night club, men's and women's saunas, business center, shop Duty-free trade. It is noteworthy that since the time the ferry began its work, both Primorye and foreigners enjoy it equally. And in order to ensure that the loading of the ferry was not a problem, a working group was created from representatives of the transport departments of Russia, Japan and Korea on the issue of its loading. There is no information on how much the ferry is in demand today. But it is known that during the first year he enjoyed the greatest popularity among young people (people up to 30 years). Apparently, even a small saving for them is important - as the price of a ferry is slightly less than the price of an air ticket to Korea and Japan. And in principle, we can say that, unlike most other countries, the cost of a ticket for the Eastern Dream ferry is high. But, nevertheless, it can be assumed that, as in the first year, or even more, the ferry was popular with young people and further, since in May-June 2011 the ferry underwent cosmetic repairs, after which the Korean side raised the prices For the transportation of passengers (she did not inform anyone about the reasons for this), while the ferry has only 38 cabins with beds. Of which - one 12-local, thirteen 8-local, one 6-local, sixteen 4-local, seven 2-local. The remaining cabins, the capacity of one of which - a hundred people, offer accommodation of passengers on the floor.

This completes the list of operating lines. There are lines that operated earlier, and also announced for the future. So, for example, a ferry Sokcho - Zarubino Began to work in 2000-th year, and after a few years, her ferry began to go and Vladivostok. But at the end of 2010, the ferryboat Dong Chun Ferry ran aground and damaged the propellers, after which they were not transported until the end of March 2013. I resumed my ferry traffic on two routes: once a week on the route Sokcho - Vladivostok, twice a week along the route Sokcho - Zarubino (Hunchun). But after the resumption of the ferry, the ferry did not last long - its traffic was again interrupted in 2014-th year. And until it is started again - it is only announced that the launch of the ferry will take place this fall.

There are a lot of similar announcements - according to recent, for example, statements by the governor of the province of Gangwon, there are only nine routes in development, the ferry traffic on which could provide maritime communication between the four states - Russia, China, South Korea and Japan. By the way, the sea line (Hunchun) Zarubino - Sokcho with a total length of 585 km is the shortest sea route connecting North-East China, the Russian Far East and the east coast of the Republic of Korea. It is called the "golden corridor" for water transport between the three countries. Part of this route falls on the MTC “Primorye-2” (traffic between the city of Hunchun and the port of Zarubino is carried out by rail or road).

Another announcement - ferry Niigata - Vladivostok, Providing for transportation of both cargo and passengers - this is an obvious enough route. Nevertheless, the line does not work and is unlikely to work in the near future. The initiator is a Japanese company "International sea transportation of Niigata". The announced cost of transportation is quite high: the cheapest ticket for a ferry will cost 300 $. At the same time, it is possible that large volumes of cargo will be transported through it - according to the statements of Maed Toshidzi, the Representative of the Department of Governor Policy of Niigata Prefecture, Russian businessmen operating in the prefecture are waiting for the opening of a regular ferry service to start hauling cars and components from The closest to the Primorye of the Japanese port of Niigata. Currently, the Japanese operator is looking for a suitable vessel - it is assumed that this will be a second-hand cargo-passenger vessel with a displacement of about 10 thousand tons, designed for 350 passengers. Part of the necessary funds will be allocated from the prefectural budget of Niigata. This refers to financial participation in the project from the municipality of Niigata and the local business community. In turn, the authorities of Primorye are quite calm about the project and one can say that they treat it even with some degree of caution - in one of their speeches last year, the First Vice-Governor of the Primorsky Territory Vasily Usoltsev noted that before the implementation of the project it is necessary to calculate All the risks and even declared that the regional authorities themselves will not engage in the project, but only connect to it in case they are engaged in local business.

Another route, sounded in the media, but not yet received a continuation - a ferry Vladivostok - Busan - Shanghai - Nagasaki - Vladivostok. On this line (and, perhaps, with calls to Sakhalin and Tianjin) was going to go to 2017 company St.Peter Line, Known for its ferry routes on the Baltic Sea. At present the company is still looking for a ferry for the route, as one of the options at the first stage, one of the ferries from the Baltic will be relocated to the Sea of ​​Japan. As another option - to purchase a vessel with the capacity of 2300 passengers and 70 autotrailers. Whether the ferry is completely new or already in operation is still being determined. But, at the same time, it will be quite young enough - along with other Chinese requirements, the Chinese side demands that the age of the ferry be no more than 15 years. And it is noteworthy that the acquired ferry is planned to adapt to the needs of the Asian region - thus, it seems that it will be more focused on transportation from Asia. In general, it is planned to spend about 200 million euro, some of which will be compensated by the Chinese state. In turn, all for the launch of the ferry is planned to invest 250 million dollars.

The editors of EastRussia asked the experts whether it was worth waiting for the appearance of any new sea ferries in the Far East. And for her, it was a bit surprising that none of the experts surveyed expressed confidence and made clear predictions about the appearance of new regular ferry lines in the Sea of ​​Japan that would link Vladivostok with Korean and Japanese cities.

According to the director of the Institute of Transport Economics and Transport Policy of the National Research University "Higher School of Economics" Mikhail Blinkin, in fact, the sea ferry is nothing more than a floating bridge providing for the crossing of small distances by large flows. Including combined, in which passengers predominate. And also those where the passenger is a figure that is not independent, but moved along with his car. And the ferry is a whole series of products, not just one option. This is transport, and trade, and tourism.

"At the same time, the normal functioning of the ferry business, can provide the passenger demand - very high passenger demand. As for demand from shippers and some other - this is for the sea ferry crossing already additional revenues. Accordingly, in order for it to be so successful that it played its role in the regular communication, and indirectly would also influence the economy of this or that region, an adequate passenger demand is needed, "he said. Mikhail Blinkin.

According to the expert, there is a certain hope that in some perspective a certain demand may emerge, and not from the side not of Russian, but of foreign passengers. So, perhaps, it will be noticeable on the line of Korsakov - Wakkanai.

At the same time, the growing tourist interest in some Far Eastern regions can still induce the appearance of new ferry lines linking the shores of the Sea of ​​Japan.

"At present, foreigners' interest in tourism in the Far East has increased. In the future, it can grow even more. Because demand - and demand from residents of Northeast Asian countries is not an exception - it usually generates not just a sentence, but an excessive supply. And in this case it is investments from the state in the development of tourism, including coastal and port infrastructure in the Far East, some of which, in particular, are already provided for by federal programs - those whose implementation period is 2017. Following the increased interest on the part of foreigners, some marine ferry traffic will also develop in the Far East, "the associate professor of the Department of Recreational Geography and Tourism of the Faculty of Geography of Moscow State University named after MV Lomonosov Natalia Shabalina.

At the same time, a number of experts note today that the high cost of building ferries themselves is a deterrent to the development of sea ferry crossings in the Far East. And it not only hinders the development, but also prevents the normal operation of already existing marine ferries in this macroregion.

“In particular, the Vanino-Kholmsk sea ferry needs new ferries, since the ferries produced by the Yantar plant used there are on the verge of expiration. And, despite the urgent need, the renewal of the ferries of this ferry is now greatly complicated by the fact that the funds allocated to the federal targeted programs are not enough. The situation, however, is not critical, since the missing funds are being actively sought today, including by the Ministry of Transport. Probably, there are attempts to collect funds for this purpose directly from the region itself - the Sakhalin Region. It should be noted that the current situation is not at all surprising - since the construction of the ferry is not exactly a cheap story. For example, for the construction of the same two ferries, more than 6 billion rubles are needed, ”the source told EastRussia.

At the same time, he expressed confidence that the new ferries for the Vanino-Kholmsk crossing will be built, and she herself is properly restored. He also noted that it is theoretically possible the emergence of a number of new sea ferry crossings in the Far East, including some international ones - in particular, thanks to investors attracted by the TOR and Free ports created today in the Far East. But not today or tomorrow.