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EastRussia's first rating of commissioned investor facilities in the Far East was made by EastRussia |

Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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First-handed hundred

By the fourth WEF EastRussia compiled the first rating of put into operation of investor facilities in the Far East

The number of new enterprises created in the Far East with the use of new economic preferences has exceeded a hundred. EastRussia understood - is it much, or little?

First-handed hundred
Photo: shutterstock.com
Special project TORA and Free Port
TRILLIONS DETERMINED TO THE FUTURE

The accumulated mass of declared investments in projects in the Far East through preferential modes of the territories of advanced development (TOP) and the free port of Vladivostok (SPV) by the end of the first half of the year 2018 exceeded 2,7 trillion rubles. In the "Corporation for the Development of the Far East" (KRDA), responsible for the formulation of agreements on investment activities, at that time interacted with more than 1,1 thousand residents of TOP and SPV. By the end of 2018, 150 investment projects will be implemented through new preferential regimes, they promise in KRDV.

It is not easy to assess the real effect of the new economic policy. The statistics of "trillions of investments in the Far East", operated by the authorities, have a slight shade of fantasy - it is too fixed in the future that has not yet happened and does not reflect what is really happening. Recalculated with the advent of each new investor the amount of promised investments is by no means a dogma. Plans for private business are constantly changing: someone refuses to build, someone, on the contrary, increases investment. So, for example, by the end of July 2018, a number of SPV investors had left the two companies ahead of schedule. The number of investors in the TOP decreased by another 13 residents - on their own initiative or on the decisions of the courts. A number of claims for early termination of agreements on activities in the TOP are under consideration. So by the end of June 2018 year in the registers of residents of TOP and SPV 1039 companies were listed.

Last year, KRDV began to disclose systematized information about all the projects of residents of TOP, SPV and companies using state support, put into operation through the nadv.ru portal. According to these data, by the end of June 2018, investors introduced 119 objects. EastRussia, having studied statistics and open sources, analyzed the dynamics of implementation of ambitious investment plans in the Far East, and, most importantly, their structure and quality.

CELEBRATIONS-TO CELEBRATIONS

The first facility delivered in the Far East under the TOR and SPV regimes is the plant for the production of blanks of plastic containers Europlast. In June of the year 2015 in Primorsky Territory the territory of advanced development "Nadezhdinskaya" was created. LLC "Primorsky Plant" EUROPLAST ", becoming its resident, opened production in September 2015. In October, the act of putting the plant into operation solemnly, with the press of the symbolic "red button", presented the representatives of the first in the history of Russia plant in the TOP Vice Premier - presidential envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev. Official reports on this have mentioned that the investor has invested more than 350 million rubles into the company, which will create new jobs in the future.

This case is quite interesting from the point of view of understanding the real business opportunities in the Far East. Of course, in a matter of months since the creation of one of the first in Russia, no investor could invest more than 300 million rubles. in the construction of modern production. Europlast managed to ensure this result by September only because the construction site of the future TOP began much earlier than it was created. Nevertheless, the plant entered the TOP on a general basis - the whole point is that the regime was requested by the investor not for the whole enterprise, but for a separate technological process.

So, the investments of OOO "Primorskiy Zavod" EVROPLAST ", carried out within the framework of the TOP regime, amounted to only 2 million rubles. (with an approved "minimum" in the Far Eastern TOR in 500 thousand rubles). It should be noted that the practice of obtaining such privileges, provided for by the TOP and SST regimes, for modernization or production development projects has become very common in the Far East. In many respects it became a kind of "window" that allowed already existing or already under construction enterprises to apply for the same benefits that the state offered to newly created companies. The reverse side of the medal is the discrepancy in the figures of the official reporting - in such cases, the amount of investment that is reflected in the statistics of the KRDV is naturally understated.

By the way, "Europlast" was in a certain sense "pioneer" and yet in one respect. The plant is located at a distance from the main site of the TOR "Nadezhdinskaya", in the original plans for creating the TOP, the land on which the plant was built was not taken into account; The plant did not sound like one of the "anchor" residents of the territory. So there was a practice of spreading economic regimes to those initiatives that are already being implemented in the Far East. Documents on changing the borders of the TOP, according to the state portal of legal information, were accepted by the government more than 10 times, and in each case this was motivated by the need to "cover" a particular cadastral site attractive to the investor.

It is noteworthy that the plant "EUROPLAST", being the first enterprise in the TOP "Nadezhdinskaya", is still the only active production there. This is understandable - "Nadezhdinskaya" was conceived as a large industrial park in 32 km from Vladivostok, created from scratch, a classic greenfield-site. It is necessary to build everything from scratch, absolutely everything: access roads, networks, infrastructure. The project of planning the territory of the TOR "Nadezhdinskaya" (a document on the basis of which it can be brought to the communication site) was approved only in 2017 year. Many residents of this TOP, formally declaring a portfolio of two dozen projects for billions of rubles, from 2015-2016 are waiting for the construction of networks to the site or began construction and installation works, such as the "House-Building Primorye": the investor has only built a "box" for the future factory of reinforced concrete structures. By the end of 2018, all the networks to Nadezhdinskaya will be tightened, assured in the KRVD.

The 1 chart. Projects are handed over using preferential regimes in the Far East, September 2015 - June 2018 year



In general, the number of new facilities in the Far East is growing: the sloping curve of the first year turns into an increasingly sloping one. Direct dependence in dynamics is from the onset of two dates: the end of the year and September-October (usually at the beginning of September the Eastern Economic Forum starts) - they give distinct "splashes". In these months, the number of inputs is increasing dramatically. For the time being, the largest number of projects handed over in a month occurred in December 2016 (9), December 2017-th (15) and September 2017-th (21). But September 2018-go has every chance to beat these records.

Analysis of the dynamics of accumulated investment shows the presence of even more dramatic "jumps". For example, if in September 2016 year objects were delivered for 6,5 billion rubles, then in October - for 32,6 billion rubles. (plus 26 billion rubles). The second "jerk" occurred at the turn of September-August 2017-th - with 39,6 billion rubles. to 110,7 billion rubles. (plus 71 billion rubles). This shows that investors and authorities save the most "weighty" projects for the solemn atmosphere of the Eastern Economic Forum. After all, in the course of it, according to the already established tradition, investors are pressed to the symbolic "red button" of starting production by the command of Russian President Vladimir Putin, transmitted over a two-way video link.

The 2 chart. Accumulated investment for projects in the Far East in 2015 - June 2018



INVESTOR GOES WHERE, WHERE

The analysis of the amount of actually attracted investments in the territories of advanced development (currently created by 18) and the areas of application of the Free Port Vladivostok regime (operating in 22 municipalities in the territories of the five subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District) shows that preferential treatment is still fruit in the form of the first enterprises were not given everywhere.

The first objects are handed over by residents in 13 TOR and 12 municipalities where the SST regime operates. There is not a single object handed over in five TOPs ("Mountain air", "Nikolaevsk", "Svobodny", "Neftekhimicheskiy" and "Kuriles"). Nothing was handed over in 10 municipalities of the SPS. These are Lazovsky, Partizansky, Pogranichny, Khankai, Shkotovsky districts, the cities of Bolshoy Kamen and Partizansk (Primorski Krai), Pevek (Chukotka), Soviet-Gavan district (Khabarovsk region), Korsakovsky urban district (Sakhalin).

However, the analysis of the distribution of the put into operation production allows you to exclude from the actually earned and many other preferential territories. Formally, the first production facilities appeared there, but in fact there are only one of them: only one enterprise in Vanino district, and one in the Nadezhdinskaya TOR (the already mentioned Europlast plant), and so on.

Tab. 1. Territories where in 2015 - the first half of 2018 years implemented a minimum number of investment projects

Preferential territory
Passed projects
TOR "Belogorsk"
2
TOP "Priamurskaya"
2
SPV, Olginsky district
2
SPV, Oktyabrsky district
2
SPV, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
2
TOP "Big Stone"
2
SPV, Nadezhdinsky district
1
SPV, Uglegorsk district
1
SPV, Khasansky district
1
SPV, Spassk-Far
1
TOP "Amuro-Khinganskaya"
1
St. Petersburg, Vanino district
1
TOP "Nadezhdinskaya"
1

From this point of view, the most efficient in terms of the number of projects implemented for 2015 - the first half of the year 2018 is the Vladivostok Free Port regime in the capital of Primorye, where 36 new construction projects are completed. The second most effective among municipalities with SPV is the satellite city of Vladivostok Artem - 10 projects. Taking into account that all of the Far Eastern Federal District within the framework of the SST passed all 66 new facilities, Vladivostok and Artem accounted for 70% of the facilities already established in the Far East in the Free Port regime.

Among the TOPs, the absolute leader in the number of completed projects is Chukotka TOR "Beringovsky" - 13. The second position in the TOP Khabarovsk is 8, the third at the TOP of Kamchatka is 6.

Tab. 2. Territories where in 2015 - the first half of 2018 years implemented the maximum number of investment projects
Preferential territory
Passed projects
The SST regime, throughout the Far Eastern Federal District
66
SPV, Vladivostok
36
TOP "Beringovsky"
13
SPV, Artem
10
TOP "Khabarovsk"
8
TOP "Kamchatka"
6
Infrastructure support
5
TOP "Industrial park" Kangalassy "
5
SPV, Nakhodka
5

It is interesting that this statistics reflects a completely different picture than the statistics on agreements signed with residents of the TOP and SPV agreements on the implementation of activities in preferential regimes (the one that the authorities usually operate on). According to these data, the leaders in attracting investments in the Far East are those TORs, where megaprojects of state corporations are declared, and first of all, Rosneft and Gazprom.

Tab. 3. Leaders among the TOPs for the announced investments, KRDA data for July 2018 year
Number of TOR residents
The volume of investments under agreements concluded with residents of the TOP (million rubles)
Number of jobs created
1
TOP "Free"
4
948 482,53
2 789
2
ТОР "Petrochemical"
1
658 740,00
4 420
3
TOP "Big Stone"
14
210 797,82
11 760
4
TOP "Priamurskaya"
6
124 443,71
1 484
5
ТОР "Komsomolsk"
23
86 051,26
5 250
6
TOP "Mikhailovsky"
12
72 369,42
3 906
7
TOP "Khabarovsk"
30
34 563,00
3 049
8
TOP "Southern Yakutia"
9
32 705,44
3 708
9
TOP "Nadezhdinskaya"
43
30 380,01
4 394
10
TOP "Kamchatka"
67
29 154,91
4 970
11
TOP "Mountain air"
17
20 952,31
1 238
12
TOP "Beringovsky"
30
16 354,66
1 277
13
TOP "Amuro-Khinganskaya"
4
15 539,70
1 190
14
TOP "Southern"
4
13 125,73
738
15
TOP "Kuriles"
1
6 320,34
700
16
TOR "Belogorsk"
5
4 491,84
572
17
TOP "Nikolaevsk"
5
2 767,00
495
18
TOP "IP Kangalassy"
15
2 344,36
333
Total:
290
2 309 584,03
52 273

Tab. 4. Leaders among the Territories of the operation of the SST regime for the announced investments, KRMD data for July 2018
Number of residents
The volume of investments under agreements concluded with residents of the TOP (million rubles)
Number of jobs created
1
Primorsky Krai
690
361 559
46 118
2
Khabarovsk Krai
13
82 539
1 826
3
Sakhalin Region
23
17 622
1 043
4
Kamchatka
100
7 239
1 471
5
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
4
26
21
Total:
830
468 985
50 479

CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION "HUNDRED"

The KRRF maintains a consolidated record of the investments made by all residents of the advanced development territories and the free port, including those at the construction and installation stage. Statistics on projects already completed indicate that the commissioned TOR projects have accumulated 101,5 billion rubles. investments, SPV - another 39 billion rubles. In total, this gives 140,5 billion rubles. investments.

Tab. 5. Distribution of TOP positions on investments made, KRDV data for July 2018 year
TOP
Realized investments (million rubles)
1
TOP "Free"
27 826,84
2
TOP "Big Stone"
15 117,53
3
TOP "Mikhailovsky"
12 008,15
4
TOP "Southern Yakutia"
10 800,24
5
TOP "Southern"
6 906,10
6
TOP "Mountain air"
6 123,55
7
TOP "Khabarovsk"
5 225,74
8
TOP "Kamchatka"
4 113,71


9
TOR "Belogorsk"
2 949,88
10
TOP "Priamurskaya"
2 924,98
11
ТОР "Komsomolsk"
2 545,94
12
TOP "Nadezhdinskaya"
1 959,79
13
TOP "Beringovsky"
1 482,48
14
TOP "Amuro-Khinganskaya"
758,27
15
TOP "Nikolaevsk"
419,75
16
TOP "IP Kangalassy"
321,26
17
TOP "Kuriles"
59,00
18
ТОР "Petrochemical"
0,00
Total:
101 543,20
Tab. 6. Distribution of the territories of the operation of the SST regime for investments made, KRDV data for July 2018 year
Territory of the WSS
Realized investments (million rubles)
1
Primorsky Krai
27 478,00
2
Khabarovsk Krai
10 539
3
Sakhalin Region
112,00
4
Kamchatka
851
5
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
0
Total:
38 980
In addition, at the stage of construction and installation works in the TOR and the free port of Vladivostok, according to KRDV, there are more than 150 projects, in which more than 106 billion rubles have already been invested. Top-15 investment projects at the stage of SMR are presented below.

Tab. 7. Top-15 still not completed investment projects in the Far East in terms of investment (data for July 2018 year)

Realized investments, million rubles.
Volume of investments, million rubles.
Project and investor
Preferential treatment
1
32 440
36 500
Development of gold mining in the Selemdzhinsky district of the Amur region, GC "Petropavlovsk"
State Infrastructure Support
2
27 815
948 350
A comprehensive project for the construction of a gas processing plant, OOO Gazprom pererabotka Blagoveshchensk
TOP "Free"
3
23 117
17 734
Integrated investment project for the development of coal mining and coal enrichment of OJSC "Urgalugol"
State Infrastructure Support
4
10 741
94 283
The project of creating a shipyard for large-capacity shipbuilding JSC "DVZ" Zvezda ""
TOP "Big Stone"
5
10 263
27 320
Construction in the seaport of Vanino of the trans-shipment complex for coal transshipment of JSC "VTU"
SPV, Vanino
6
9 267
23 075
Diamond-mining enterprise in the Upper-Munsk field of ALROSA
State Infrastructure Support
7
8 751
21 070
Construction of pig-breeding complexes, a complex for the production of mixed fodders, an elevator OOO Rusagro Primorje
TOP "Mikhailovsky"
8
8 300
19 700
Construction in the sea port of Vanino of a trans-shipment complex for coal transshipment LLC "Sakha (Yakutia) transport company"
State Infrastructure Support
9
6 076
17 245
Construction of the third stage of coal loading complex in the port of Vostochny
SPV, Nakhodka
10
5 500
12 200
Mining and Metallurgical Combine for the extraction and processing of Ozernovskoye gold ore, JSC SIGMA
State Infrastructure Support
11
5 100
22 800
Construction of the Inaglinsky mining and processing complex, Inaglinsky GOK
State Infrastructure Support
12
5 000
45 100
Increase in coal production at Solntsevo field: creation of transport infrastructure, LLC "VGK"
State Program for the Development of the Far East and the Trans-Baikal Region
13
4 039
9 370
Construction of a vertically integrated agricultural enterprise LLC Green Agro-Sakhalin
TOP "Southern"
14
3 665
5 785
Construction of a dairy farm and agro-town c. Razdolnoye of the Korsakovsky district of JSC "Sovkhoz Korsakovsky"
State Program for the Development of the Far East and the Trans-Baikal Region
15
3 079
103 869
Construction of housing for employees of the shipbuilding complex "Zvezda", LLC "SSK" Zvezda "»
TOP "Big Stone"

It is easy to see that the most large-scale objects for investment (even when accounting for investment projects that are at the stage of SMR), in the Far East, there are still resources or their transportation. Exceptions are only some agricultural projects and the superstar Zvezda.

MONEY THERE, WHERE

If we analyze how many investments in already completed projects have introduced each of the benefits regimes to the Far Eastern "piggy bank", unconditional leadership is behind measures to subsidize the construction of infrastructure for large projects, which in 2016-2017 in the Far East were only five, but .

Tab. 8. Implemented projects with subsidized infrastructure costs, 2015 - the first half of 2018 year
Month year
Investments, bln. Rub.
Work places
Project and investor
Oct.16
23,5
1521
Creation of a mining enterprise for the production of enriched iron ore on the basis of the Kimkan and Sutarsky deposits of ferruginous quartzites in the EAO OOO "Kimkano-Sutarsky GOK"
Dec.16
1,1
64
Brewery of LLC "Kamchatsky Brewery"
Sep.17
7,444
375
CJSC "Taryn gold ore company"
Sep.17
57,4
1524
Mining and processing enterprise of JSC "RiM"
Dec.17
7,62
690
Timber processing enterprise LLC Asia Forest

It is easy to calculate that only five projects provided the Far East with more than 97 billion rubles. investments - 77% of the total 126 billion rubles accumulated on the objects handed over for September 2015 - June 2018. Recall, all the objects in the TOP and SPV investors by the end of July 2018 invested 140,5 billion rubles, taking into account those at the stage of construction and installation work - about 250 billion rubles. Efforts of Far Eastern investors in non-resource spheres could be summarized by six or seven large mining projects.

Tab. 9. The number of projects submitted and the amount of investments in them in the Far East in 2015 - June 2018 year
Preferential territory
Passed projects
Accumulated investment, billion rubles.
Created jobs
State Infrastructure Support
5
97,06400
4174
SST mode, the whole DFO
66
8,32861
2255
TOP "Southern Yakutia"
3
5,49060
1895
SPV, Vladivostok
36
4,31253
1418
TOP "Khabarovsk"
8
3,25087
350
TOP "Southern"
4
2,95016
169
TOP "Mikhailovsky"
3
2,80453
213
TOR "Belogorsk"
2
2,38950
71
TOP "Kamchatka"
6
1,35575
136
SPV, Ussuriysk
4
1,28290
57
As can be seen from the data given, the entire regime of the Freeport of Vladivostok by the end of the first half of the year 2018 managed to ensure the commissioning of facilities at only 8,3 billion rubles. - 11,5 times less than the resource-oriented companies.

From the territories of the operation of the SPV regime, Vladivostok (4,31 billion rubles) and Ussuriysk (1,3 billion rubles) attracted the maximum amount of investments into the already introduced facilities, in third place - Artem (1,1 billion rubles). In the first, as already mentioned, 36 projects are delivered, in the second - four, in the third - 10.

Of the TOPs, the most effective in terms of investments attracted to the already completed facilities were South Yakutia (5,5 billion rubles) and Khabarovsk (3,25 billion rubles). In the first three projects were handed over, in the second - eight. The statistics of the announced investments, according to which in some TOPs there are already for five dozen residents, is radically different from the data on the entered projects (in the first TOR of 9 residents, in the second - 30).

And here we are faced with one more characteristic feature of preferential regimes, which calls into question the expediency of creating in the Far East whole 18 TORs and the spread of the SPV regime at once to 22 municipality.

ONLY THERE WERE ANCHOR

In the TOP of "Southern Yakutia", where three projects have been completed, the maximum contribution (4,5 billion rubles from 5,5 billion rubles) fell on the first stage of Denisovsky GOK "Kolmara" - the "anchor" resident of the territory. In the TOP "Khabarovsk" from 3,25 billion rubles. already mastered investments 2 billion rubles. gave the project of a plant for the production of thermal insulation of the "anchor" resident of the site "Rakitnoe" TekhnoNIKOL, another 1 billion rubles. - greenhouse "anchor" for the site "Avangard", a joint Russian-Japanese venture JGC Evergreen.

In both cases, one or two companies formed 80-90% of the total investment contribution to each of the TOP. On the one hand, this means that the sites, conceived as universal tools for attracting private investments from a large number of residents, eventually become attractors for the read units of large companies. Tax, administrative and customs benefits from TOPs on a large scale are received only by "anchor" investors, others either declare intentions, or invest, but very little.

On the other hand, this also creates a great danger to the effectiveness of the TOR in the event that a resident, supposed to be "anchor", for some reason refuses his plans.

This is already happening in relation to, for example, the TOS "Komsomolsk", where four objects were handed over for 1,12 billion rubles. "Anchor" resident with 7,7 billion rubles. investment in machining in the TOP was to be a group of companies "Energy". But businessmen have not reached agreements on the sale of services with the enterprises of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, and now the KRFV, in a judicial procedure, dissolves the agreement with Energia. Now in the Komsomolsk TOR, there are announced investments of 86 billion rubles, investments - by 2,5 billion rubles. What will happen next?

So far, of the four projects implemented to the present moment in the Komsomolsk TOP, two (for 8,4 billion rubles and 212 million rubles of investments) belong to the RFP Group timber processing holding - another "anchor" resident of the TOR. The company became a resident and completed, using preferential treatment, two of the three stages of the project to create a center for deep wood processing, which has been operating in Amursk since 2008. Introduced small enterprises for processing tires "Tapir-ECO" and a kit?