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First among equals
There was "Free", became "Eastern"
Amur region as the center of Russian cosmonautics - perhaps, about 10 years ago this phrase would cause only bewilderment: how is the region with a population of less than a million people and three higher education institutions (and one training technical specialists) become the flagship of the most complex industry? Nevertheless, the first civil cosmodrome in the history of Russia will have an Amur residence permit.
The reasons for the appearance of such a large and important object on the "edge of geography" are several:
- Firstly, Vostochny is on the same latitude as Baikonur: launching a missile from the Amur region will allow it to be launched into Earth's orbit as soon as possible and save on fuel;
- secondly, given the low population density in the Far East, rocket stages will fall on deserted territories;
- Thirdly, the creation of such an object will make it possible to attract multibillion investments in the Far Eastern economy in general, and the industry in particular.
The area of the new "space harbor" will include several launching "tables" at once: for the carrier rocket "SOYUZ" (being built just now) and for superheavy Angara-type missiles (two structures, the beginning of the work is planned for 2016 year ). The total estimated value of the mega-project exceeded 400 billion rubles, almost a third of them are already being mastered. So, only for the preparation of 11 objects of the so-called trigger minimum will be required 110,7 billion rubles.
According to the Russian space industry scientists, the invested costs will pay off with interest, because now our country pays a considerable lease to Kazakhstan for the use of Baikonur - 115 million dollars a year - and 100 million dollars put into operation its facilities. According to the current agreement, the lease will last until 2050 year, but at the same time
The first construction work in the Amur taiga began in the winter of 2012: by summer
But already in 2013 at the construction site difficulties began: first the management reported on the monthly backlogs, and later the top officials of the state declared about the breakdowns of all the space plans: because of the confusion with the project documentation and the thefts at some sites, the discrepancies with the original schedules were counted in hundreds Days. After preparations for the Olympics in Sochi, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin announced the spaceport as the "main construction site for the country", and after a visit to
Over the past year and a half, the situation seems to have been rectified: in the spring
In spring, it became known and about changing other terms - the first manned launch. It will take place not in
Among the effects that have already given the construction, there are positive. Thanks to the draft order, 200 defense enterprises across the country have finally received long-awaited orders. The “blood” of the national cosmonautics has been significantly updated: within the framework of the implementation of the federal space program, up to 2020, young people began training in aerospace specialties in several Russian universities. The Far Eastern AmSU was added to the already existing Western MAI, the South Ural State University and the Siberian State University, the first graduates of which this year came to Vostochny as engineers. Newly earned student construction teams - Vostochny has also become one of the main youth construction projects in the country. If in
According to preliminary information, the launch of the Soyuz-2-1A missile with the launch unit Volga and Russian satellites Lomonosov and Stork-2D from Vostochnoye is scheduled to take place 25 December. The government believes that there should be no talk about postponing the construction schedule of the cosmodrome.