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Primorsky Business Believes in Fair Public Procurement - EastRussia |






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Primorsky Business Believes in Fair Public Procurement

Small and medium-sized business of Primorye is leading on the background of all of Russia in terms of entrepreneurial interest in participating in public procurement, mark 2015 marketing research

According to research conducted in 2015 by the marketing agency MAGRAM MARKET RESEARCH (MMR) to identify the index of well-being of small and medium-sized businesses, Primorsky Krai leads the whole of Russia with regard to the entrepreneurial interest in taking part in public procurement.

Primorsky Business Believes in Fair Public Procurement
Thus, during the survey conducted by the MMR for the all-Russian and regional sample it was found out that on average the share of Russian micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (IP and LLC with annual turnover from 60 to 400 million rubles) participating in purchases of state and municipal customers is strong does not differ from this indicator for the Primorsky Territory - 24% and 25%, respectively.

But on the other hand, maritime entrepreneurs show a generally more positive attitude towards public procurement than their counterparts in Russia as a whole. For example, 57% of surveyed maritime businessmen expressed confidence that state and municipal authorities find contractors and vendors for their needs as a result of fair competitive selection. In Russia as a whole, these “optimists” are only 30%.

25% "Primorye" and 31% "Russians" are sure that the selection procedures take place with minor violations. Only 4% of "Primorye" are convinced of the complete falsification of competitive selection procedures, but 22% of "Russians". Only 8% of Primors are confident that state and municipal customers restrict access to the bidding process and their bidding, but 28% of Russians.

Farmers - for, fishermen yet - against

"In the current crisis time, many farms are trying to become a contractor for state or municipal structures. True, not all of their leaders can boast of computer literacy - because to participate in electronic trading, you need to be friends with the Internet - but nonetheless find consultants, assistants and implement their attempts to win one or another tender for the supply of agricultural or animal products. Such a victory is worth a lot, because it means stable sales. Although, of course, there are risks of non-payment it (pits in budget financing, delays of state subsidies, etc.) but still they are often less today than when selling products to commercial counterparties, "shared his opinion on participation in public procurement Nikolai Besshapkin, well-known seaside landowner, commercial director of LLC Arsenyevsky pig complex.

The agricultural complex in the Primorye economy is one of the key ones. And his representatives, indeed, are very actively looking for an opportunity to make some money on public procurement. But the other major sector of the regional economy, the fishing industry, so far prefers to deal with commercial companies as counterparties.

“Today it is unprofitable for fishermen to spend time on bureaucratic procedures for processing tender bids, to seek tender loans, to take care of issuing bank guarantees. There is also a demand for our products in the business segment. But everything would change in an instant and we would all rush with our fish to the state if the federal government created a system of guaranteed state orders for fish products in the country. The army, schools, health care institutions, power structures - all of them, a priori, need products containing fish protein. Therefore, such a system is simply necessary. We on behalf of Primorsky fishermen have repeatedly appealed to the Government and the State Duma with this initiative, it is understood by many officials and deputies, but so far, unfortunately, it is not being implemented, ”commented on the situation with government procurement in the industry Georgy Martynov, President of the Association of Fisheries Enterprises of Primorsky the edges.

TORs could involve small businesses in public procurement

Meanwhile, Primorye is the leader among other subjects of the Far Eastern Federation (if not all of Russia) for the presence of customs and tax preferences, and other government benefits for business development. Here, three territories of advanced social and economic development (TOR), one special economic zone, plus a good half of the entire territory of the province are subject to the law "On the Free Port of Vladivostok" (SPV).

These conditions imply that the state is investing in development in the development of the infrastructure of these territories, and business comes to them with its surplus value as residents. But he could have come here already at the stage of creating infrastructure - as a contractor in the face of small and medium-sized enterprises that won public procurement contests. In prinitsa - this is true for the entire Far East. Only here are the laws regulating participation in public procurement - FZ-44 and FZ-223 - in their current form are not very loyal to SMEs. That's what the "ER" experts say for this reason.

Ruslan Daminov, head of the department for work with large clients, TenderPro GC: "In the case of TORs, state funding for the construction and maintenance of the entire infrastructure is envisaged. However, the question is whether there are enough funds in the budgets for infrastructure construction? If the federal, regional and local budgets before the TOR project failed to provide the Far East with infrastructure, will not new projects turn into non-payments for contracts?

According to the idea, the territories of advanced development should form the platforms for which the demand from investors who are ready to invest funds for the implementation of their investment project, with minimal expenditures on infrastructure infrastructure. So far, the Torahs have not received major Asian investments. The problem is that Russia is making plans for the development of manufacturing and high technology in these territories. Asian investors are not interested in these sectors in Russia, natural resources are more important for them.

For small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs), the process of creating infrastructure in advanced development areas can bring real orders and money.

Contrary to the opinion that government customers enter into only billion contracts, construction state orders are also represented by small contracts that are interesting for SMEs. The subject of construction tenders is often services: tenders for the reconstruction, repair of various objects, for the construction of small architectural forms. Construction tenders open every day through electronic platforms. It is local contractors who have the greatest chances of winning the tenders in this area. ”

Vladimir Ivliev, executive director of “In the Far East, many enterprises belonging to small and medium businesses participate in public procurement. However, most of them prefer to participate in tenders held as part of 44-FZ, for the conditions of such purchases are more transparent than those of competitive purchases using as a regulatory document 223-ФЗ.

As for the tenders connected with the territories of priority development, there are very few of them and all of them are held within the framework of the Federal Law 223. Among the forms of such purchases dominated "purchase from a single supplier," that is, the winner is announced without a competitive procedure. And as a result, small companies are extremely problematic to climb into such purchases. "

Yaroslav Vakhitov, General Director of JSC MELTOR (MASTER OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCIAL TRADE): "For TORs as state corporations, there is a clear reference point for SME purchases. This is stipulated in the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1352 - for state corporations, the annual volume of purchases from SMEs should not be less than 18% of the aggregate annual value of contracts concluded by customers based on the results of purchases or not less than 10% of the total annual value of contracts concluded by customers according to the results procurement, of which only SMEs are participants. The forecasted demand for SME services in the TOP by 2020 is more than 160 billion rubles. in year.

But the problem is that the regulation of procurement of companies with state participation is conducted in accordance with FZ-223, where each customer carries out purchases according to its rules, which leads to numerous violations and complaints from suppliers to the FAS. For SMEs, of course, more transparent rules are preferable, as in FZ-44, which regulates purchases for state and municipal needs. It is important to bring FZ-223 regulation closer to FZ-44 standards. "

ER Help:

The desire to become a supplier of a state or municipal organization among many Russian entrepreneurs, objectively, should intensify. The fact is that at the end of 2015 the draft law on compulsory admission of small and medium-sized enterprises to the purchase of large companies was withdrawn from consideration by the Government of the Russian Federation. He obliged large enterprises with an annual turnover of more than 7 billion rubles to spend 10% of the purchase volume for purchases from small and medium-sized businesses. His introduction to the State Duma was scheduled for the spring of 2016, but, apparently, it will be postponed. The reason - it was not possible to reach a single solution to the question posed. Critics of the draft law in the government note that it is difficult to control the diligent observance of its requirements. In addition, imposing a duty on large private companies to purchase from a certain category of counterparties can be regarded as a state interference in the freedom of doing business. As for state structures and companies with state participation, they are obliged to give 18% of the total volume of their purchases to SMEs. "