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Industrial expert on projects to be presented at WEF - EastRussia | Opinions






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Projective voice with a metallic tint

Industrial expert - about the investment projects presented at the WEF

Projective voice with a metallic tint
6-7 September, the Eastern Economic Forum will be held in Vladivostok, which will be a kind of brainstorming session on the economic and industrial development of the Far East. A wide list of investment projects scheduled for implementation in various regions of eastern Russia is published on the forum website. Analyzing it, it can be noted that a significant part of the projects is supposed to be implemented in the field of mining, for example, the project for the development in Yakutia of the alluvial tin deposit of Tirekhtyakh Stream, which is one of the key facilities of the large Ust-Yanskaya tin-bearing province. Its cost is estimated at 4,5 billion rubles.

Within the framework of the project, it is planned to start production of tin concentrate in the amount of 1 thousand tons in the next year, tripling it in the 2023 year. Moreover, as follows from the description of the project, it is possible that several more tin deposits - Lonely, Churpunya and Deputatsky - will be involved in the operation and that a production of pure tin can be created.

Meanwhile, the development of Tirechtakh Creek may not be as simple as it might seem at first glance. It is located in a fairly remote area of ​​Yakutia, plus the need to build from scratch all the necessary production and support infrastructure, which will require the delivery of construction materials and energy either by road or helicopters (and in both cases it will be expensive).

In principle, it would be possible to consider the possibilities of using the capacities of the Deputatsky GOK, which has been developing the same-named deposit for several decades, but it is located about 60 km from the Tirekhtyakh Creek and besides, there is no exact information about the condition of its equipment, if any.

To create the same production of pure metal in this area of ​​Yakutia in the current conditions is economically unprofitable, since it can be very costly. Nevertheless, tin concentrate from Tirekhtyakh Creek may be in demand both in the Russian market and outside it: it can be sent to the Novosibirsk processing plant, or to consumers in China, who buy concentrates in hardly all the countries producing tin. In addition, since January of this year, tin is becoming more expensive and today the price for it on the London Metal Exchange (LME) is above $ 20,8 thousand for 1 ton.

Another project worth considering is the exploration and development of the Malmyzhskoye field located in the Khabarovsk Territory. It is noteworthy that the investors of the project are the American corporation Freeport-McMoRan and the Canadian company IG Copper, the Malmyzhskoye field itself belongs to the category of porphyry copper, characterized by large reserves of copper at its low content. Currently, the copper reserves in the ore of the Malmyzhskoye deposit, according to information from the IG Copper site, are equal to 5,6 mln. Tons, gold - 298 tons. By adding the forecast resources to them, we’ll get 9 million tons of red metal and 449 tons of yellow.

The project is planned to be implemented in three stages. The first of them should start in 2025 with extraction of 20 million tons of ore per year, from which it will be produced annually up to 75 thousand tons of copper in concentrate (not including more than 3,5 tons of gold). At the second stage, the production should increase to 40 million tons of ore per year, the third - up to 60 million tons per year.

Capital investments in the development of the Malmyisk deposit are a serious amount - 90 billion rubles. Despite its size, this project has competitive advantages for its implementation in the long term - the Malmyzhskoye field is located in an area with good infrastructure: in the vicinity of it there is a railway junction, power transmission line and a gas main, the mighty Amur flows nearby.

The cost of copper, as well as tin, goes up. If in January of last year the price of copper for LME was $ 4,4 thousand for 1 ton, then today it exceeded $ 6,9 thousand.

It is an interesting project of the company "RM-steel" (St. Petersburg) for the construction and launch in the territory of priority development "Khabarovsk" plant for the production of hot-rolled sections worth 2,7 billion rubles. Its capacity will be up to 100 ths. Tons per year, the product line will be represented by a bulb-shaped profile, corner, strip, etc., that is, the company will be a rolling micro-plant with a pronounced narrow specialization in shipments to the shipbuilding industry.

It is clear that its potential client will be the shipbuilding complex Zvezda, created by the consortium of Rosneft, Rosneftegaz and Gazprombank, not counting the shipyards in the Far East - Khabarovsk and Amur shipbuilding plants, etc. In addition, the finished products can be exported to the countries of Asia - South Korea and Japan, where there are powerful shipbuilding enterprises. Billet for the future production of shaped products can supply Amurmetal, the only metallurgical plant in the Russian Far East.

Attention is drawn to the lack of projects related to aluminum, with the exception of the Karvi project to develop plastic and aluminum window, door and facade systems meeting European standards (its cost is relatively small - 300 million rubles) on Sakhalin. Meanwhile, for the ubiquitous spreading of windows, facades and other structures from the winged metal in the Far East, the presence of local strong production of aluminum profiles and rolled products would not be inadmissible, since otherwise they would have to be brought from Siberia or from China. It is the issue of such products that can be provided by firms engaged in housing and commercial development.

Nevertheless, even if half of the projects presented at the Eastern Economic Forum are implemented in practice, this will give a strong impetus to the economic growth of the entire Far East of Russia.