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Five questions to the "Far Eastern hectare"
EastRussia tried to clarify some of the ambiguities in the program for issuing free land in the Far East
Today in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk the Fourth All-Russian Conference "Demographic Development of the Far East" was opened, at which officials, the public and business plan to discuss issues of the region's demography within two days. One of the tools for securing and attracting the population to the Far East, as you know, is to become the "Far Eastern hectare" - free land plots provided to citizens in the east of the country. EastRussia has studied statistics on the "Far Eastern hectare", which raises a number of questions.
The program of providing land plots of no more than 1 hectare fully started, recall, 1 February 2017 year - it is from this date that any Russian has the right to apply for a plot attracted to him within the boundaries of the Far Eastern Federal District. However, the system itself earned much earlier, although only for the Far East. Since 1 June 2016, we remind that the residents of 9 of the constituent entities of the constituent part of the Okrug received applications for "hectares" in "pilot municipalities", from 1 October of the same year the right was extended to all municipalities of the Far East. The contribution of the Far East was rather modest: by the middle of November 2016, for example, about 10 thousand applications accumulated, by the end of January 2017-th - about 30 thousand,
The "explosive" growth of interest in "hectare" began when the program was opened for all Russians. 6 February 2017 year, the system recorded more than 50 thousand applications, by the middle of the month their number exceeded 60 thousand, in March - for 70 thousand, in May - for 90 thousand. An impressive one hundred thousandth the number of applications for "Far Eastern hectare" exceeded end of August. By this time, almost 27,5 thousand applicants have already issued plots, another 9 thousand applications were in the process of registration - approval for them has already been issued, but the documents have not been issued yet.
The authorities and representatives of the Agency for the Development of Human Capital in the Far East (ARCHK) responsible for the implementation of the "Far Eastern Hectare" program from August 2017 regularly reported on the growing interest in "hectare", which was expressed in the continuing increase in the number of applications. EastRussia analyzed these reports for figures. The dynamics of growth in the number of applications and the number of "hectares" issued after crossing the line in the 100 thousand, that is, for the last six months, according to analysis, looks like this:
FUEL "DEAD CARGO"
From the graph, for example, it can be seen that the system slowly but steadily accumulates a "cargo" from the sites that are declared, but can not be registered in any way.
Be that as it may, in the morning of today, according to federal information system, filed 113 353 application for the provision of "Far Eastern hectare." In use - 37 462 site. "Under consideration," the system informs - 75 891 applications. In other words, almost 67% of the number of applications submitted by citizens to receive "hectare" are not yet satisfied - they are "considered." Still considered.
Recall that the law is part of this process.
Within 7 days from the date of application, the applicant may be denied a "Far Eastern hectare" - if he indicated false information about himself, did not attach the required documents, "painted" a plot of more than 1 ha. To ask "hectare" in the plots, to someone already owned, as well as on the lands of certain forbidden categories (the so-called "not allowed" zone), the system simply does not give. A more complex case is when the boundaries of the requested site are superimposed on the boundaries of a site that someone has already requested. In such cases, the question "hangs": "In the event that the scheme of the location of the land parcel partially or completely coincides with the scheme presented earlier by another person, the authorized body decides to suspend the period of consideration of the application submitted for the grant of a land plot for free use and sends the adopted If the written consent of the person who applied for the use of the land plot to be formed is fully authorized very body the right to approve the placement of a variant of the scheme of land. "
If everything is good, then the issue of granting a site for free use for a period of five years is resolved promptly for Russia: 7 working days from the receipt of the application go to the preparation of documents, no more than 20 working days - contract preparation, 10 more days are spent on registration right to use in Rosreestr. In other words, a maximum of a month and a half - and the applicant can start to dispose of his "Far Eastern hectare."
AT TIGHT CONSIDERATION
The first question arises: why, then, almost 67% of submitted applications are still "pending"?
EastRussia suggested that a significant part of the difference between the issued and declared sites is the refusal (the other part, according to the laws of arithmetic, should form the already agreed, but not yet drawn-up areas).
The ARCHC recognizes that applications that make up the difference between those filed and issued are "under consideration by the authorized bodies that issue land plots." However, the statistics of failures in the agency do not provide. True, they emphasize: from the end of July 2017, amendments to the law "practically excluding the refusal to grant land plots under the" Far Eastern hectare "program came into effect." That is, if the land plot for some reason can not be provided (for example, the borders were placed on neighboring areas or "not allowed" zones), the authorized body's employees help the citizen to adjust the requested boundaries of the site or offer an alternative option. It is important to emphasize that the number of failures in the last six months does not exceed 5% - today refusals are possible only in cases when a citizen for some reasons does not agree on an alternative himself, "the ARCHK explains.
Let's leave the figure in 5% on the conscience of the "authorized bodies" deciding on "hectares," and move on.
IS THE INTEREST IN INTEREST OR NOT?
The second issue is born from a visual analysis of the schedule of receipt of applications after overcoming the boundary in the 100 thousand.
A very pronounced "splash", we recall, was recorded by the system after the opening of the opportunity to apply for a "hectare" for all residents of Russia - which is understandable. But over the past six months, according to statistics, the "supply curve" is growing without jerking.
Source: EastRussia analyst. Based on the official press releases of Minvostokrazvitiya and the data of the portal nadorniyvostok.rf
The ARCHK, meanwhile, insists that after PR events (the closest of which were "Days of the Far East in Moscow" in the middle of December last year ")," we are seeing an 15% increase in the average monthly number of applications for "Far Eastern hectares." " Certainly, the "Days of the Far East" marked the beginning not only of growing interest in the "Far Eastern hectare", but also helped people start forming new associations. It is precisely on the basis of the results of the "Days of the Far East" that such communities of citizens as the Interregional Public Organization "We are the Hectaremen!" And the Association of Tourism in the Far East are being created at the moment. In addition, during the Days of the Far East, promising solutions aimed at supporting the development of land plots, such as the "investment hectare" and the market-place "Hectar online" were presented, "the agency notes.
WHY WANT - EXTREMELY UNKNOWN
The third question of EastRussia to the "Far Eastern hectare" is connected with the fact that each recipient of the land plot under the program must, within a year from the moment of registration, determine the type of permitted use of land. The first "hectare" had to choose the types of use by June of 2017. At least more than half of the applicants (in March 2017 the number of applicants, as we remember, exceeded 70 thousand, now it is 114 thousand) - by the end of March 2018.
Unfortunately, the ARCHC does not have statistics on the type of use chosen. The agency refers to the survey data when applying for "hectares", where about half of the applicants indicate what type of use they intend to choose. It was in accordance with the information that citizens indicated in the questionnaires when applying for a site, the ARCHC identified five main uses of "Far Eastern hectares":
- individual housing construction - 38,5%
- agricultural activities, 28,5%
- Dacha, personal subsidiary farm - 15%
- tourism and recreation - 11,5%
- other types of business (cafe, refueling, hotel services, etc.). - 5%.
"Soon, the statistics will be updated - according to information on the type of use of land that will be provided by those citizens who took a plot of land about a year ago," the agency assured.
WHO WILL BE TRANSFERRED IN THE MISSION - LEARN LATER
The fourth issue of EastRussia is related to the fact that the hectare program is positioned as an incentive for moving to the Far East (still experiencing outflow of population) residents from other regions of the Russian Federation. "It will be premature to talk about the actual number of people who have moved to the" hectares "of the Near East, moreover, the statistics will be formed only in two or three years, when citizens will begin to declare the progress of development of land plots," they say in the ARCHK and refer to single examples of decisions about moving:Narek Hovhannisyan has issued the whole island under the program "Far Eastern hectare" Nikita Kovrizhin plans to grow asparagus, and Maxim Mazin returned home, where he spent his childhood. "
We note that applications for "Far Eastern hectares" come from all regions of Russia, of which about 5,5 thousand applications came from residents of Moscow and the Moscow region, St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region, as well as the Krasnodar Territory. Unfortunately, it is impossible to determine whether these applications were filed by former Far Easterners or natives of other regions of the Russian Federation "in reserve" or with the intention of really moving.
"The experts of the agency studied the preferences of citizens: the overwhelming majority of Muscovites and residents of the Moscow region chose a land in Primorye Territory - 64%, second place - Sakhalin region - 13% and Khabarovsk region - 6%. People take land for housing construction, farming, while attracting attention the fact that more applicants want to engage in tourism and entrepreneurship than the average program, "the ARCHK said.
CREDITS ASKED EVERYTHING 1,5 THOUSAND. HUMAN
Finally, the fifth issue of EastRussia was associated with the program of concessional lending to "hectares" commodity loans from the "Post Bank." We can assume that the "hectare". really wanting to do something on the received "Far Eastern hectare", certainly take advantage of the opportunity of concessional lending. So it is possible, albeit indirectly, to determine the number of the most active developers of "hectares".
In the ARCHK remind that the consumer loan up to 600 thousand rubles for a period of up to 5 years with a rate from 8,5 to 10,5% per annum is available to recipients of hectares from April 2017 year (that is, in fact a year).
"The number of applications exceeded 1,5 thousand in the run-up to the new season.The main areas of use of funds: site development, purchase of materials for construction, small equipment for cultivation of land," the agency says. It also adds that when implementing a credit program for "hectare" "you can not limit yourself to one bank, and citizens should be given a choice of credit terms." "Therefore, the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia plans to expand the range of banks that provide financial support to the participants of the program.The credit products of such banks will be provided at lower rates than the average for the market," the ARCHC assures.
As a conclusion, we note that the procedure for declaring the use of "Far Eastern hectares" has not yet been determined.
Based on the declarations submitted no later than three years after the registration of the land, we recall that the question will be decided whether the citizen is entitled to receive a "hectare" in ownership or lease for 49 years. Three years of use of the site, however, none of the applicants-hectares have not expired, so that officials still have time. "At present, the Ministry for the Development of the Far East has developed an order to approve the form of a declaration on the development of the Far Eastern hectare." The document is registered with the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation and after these procedures the form will be posted on the sites of the Nadaliy Vostok.RF and the Agency for Human Capital Development in the Far East, "the ARCHK noted.