Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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EastRussia is not responsible for any mistakes in the translated text. Sorry for the inconvinience.
Please refer to the text in Russian as a source.

Development by navigator

How much do people earn in the Far East? The Far Eastern Agency for the Development of Human Capital (ARCHC) now publishes a quarterly navigator of professions relevant to the Far Eastern Federal District in the near future. The EastRussia reviewer carefully studied the document and discovered the plus of this work - so the system potential of the labor market in the Far East has never been analyzed. However, some details caused quite legitimate questions

Development by navigator

There will be 100 thousands of jobs

“Navigator is a guide to the labor market and current professions of the Far East. Navigator’s goal is to identify the most sought-after professions in the Far East in 2016-2021 years, taking into account development priorities, as well as information about ongoing and planned investment projects. ” This is the way the ideology of the work carried out by the APLK is described.

The number of downloads since the publication of the first edition (March 2016 year), reported in the ARCHK, exceeded 6000. The Navigator, the agency believes, will be "useful for schoolchildren and school leavers in choosing a profession that wants to move to the Far East, employers, employment centers, and educational organizations."

According to the agency, by 2021 in the Far Eastern Federal District is planned to create about 80 thousand new jobs (according to the new edition State programs "Social and economic development of the Far East and the Baikal region, approved recently by the government of the Russian Federation, this figure rose to 100 thousand). A third of them may appear in enterprises that will be established in the TOR, more than 20 thousand - in the Freeport of Vladivostok. Obviously, such a solid call for new personnel in the macroregion, which since the collapse of the Soviet Union suffers from a sustained "Western drift" (last year alone, the migration outflow from the DFO exceeded 19,6 thousand people) will require a non-trivial effort.

Now on the site of ARCHK there is a second edition of Navigator, which contains a list of the most popular professions in 2016-2017 years, as well as a list of promising occupations for 25 key industries of the Far Eastern Federal District. The fact that information on potential growth points that need (potentially!) In skilled hands is gathered together is already an indubitable plus. The question is what to do with this analytics in practice?


All professions are important, all professions are needed

What professions, according to the ARCHK, will be in demand in the Far East before 2021 year? The staffing requirements will grow at an accelerating pace in the following sectors: the chemical industry (by 43%), oil and gas production, shipbuilding and ship repair (in both - by 31%), coal and peat (by 28%), and agriculture On 11%).

Today, these industries are not leading in the labor market - for example, a little more than 4,2 thousand people work in the chemical industry in the Far East. In general, the structure of employment in the DFO looks so far completely different, embodying the results of 25 years of total deindustrialization and simplification of the structure of the regional economy. Thus, over 317, thousands of people worked in the trade in 2015, in the trade and logistics, and 208 thousand. And more than 136 thousand workers - in construction. Even in agriculture, the FEFD has so far - as many workers as coal mining and shipbuilding combined (37 thousand). All these industries that have already become traditional for the Far East, according to ARFC, will also feel the need for new personnel. But not strong. And, obviously, with this problem somehow cope.

But if the majority of workers are needed in projects that somehow relate to the development of deposits, new industrialization and the implementation of state defense orders, it is not surprising that the Far East already now and especially in the coming years will need engineers of different profiles, welders, turners, locksmiths, miners, drivers, loaders, storekeepers and even cleaners. And also those who will manage them - technical and commercial directors, captains of fishing fleet vessels, shift supervisors, etc.

Where to get all these people? In the navigator there is also data on specialties that are prepared by Far Eastern universities. However, one can hardly expect that such solid demand for personnel can be met with the help of local residents. Obviously, you have to attract people from other regions. “With all its shortcomings, the Far East, as a place of work, today has one big advantage over many other Russian territories - providing an opportunity to gain tremendous experience and have career growth for people who work within it. Since the good jobs and prospects offered today by Far Eastern employers are not always available now, for example, in the regions of Central Russia. Of course, it should be aware that this advantage can keep people in the Far East only for the time being. Having reached their maximum development point here in a professional sense, they will hasten to leave it for other Russian macro-regions, ”the deputy of the Legislative Duma of the Khabarovsk Territory noted in an comment to the EastRussia correspondent Natalia Pudovkina.

ARCHK, in her opinion, has great opportunities to attract people to the Far East, especially - young and ambitious people. Since young people have a bright interest in all initiatives that are implemented by the state in the Far East.


From 9 to 235 thousand rubles

But how to attract? According to Pudovkina, on the background of a worn out infrastructure, remoteness from developed Russian territories and a harsh climate, the only way is state support, “elevating” ones, providing comfortable subsidence. For example - a tangible social package. “At all times, both in the northern regions and in the Far East, salary benefits have taken place. Mainly arising from the applied system of district coefficients - surcharges. But by now this system has leveled itself and employers do not put any factors into their expenses. Moreover, in connection with the transition to a market economy, now wages are considered based simply on what opportunities there are for selling the output. Thus, the salaries offered today in the Far East, combined with the factors that make life difficult and uncomfortable on its territory, have the effect that people do not come to its regions, ”the deputy is confident.

However, the ARCHK considers otherwise. Thanks to the navigator you can find out, for example, average monthly salaries in various industries. True, everywhere - 2014 data of the year, but from the analysis of 26 industries it becomes clear where people in the Far East earned at least that year. The leaders, of course, oil and gas complex. Thus, on Sakhalin, the average monthly salary in oil and gas production in 2014 was 235,1 thousand rubles. And in the gas industry of Kamchatka, at the same time they paid 115 thousand rubles. At the same time, the total 9,2 thousand rubles could be earned in the crop production sector in the Jewish Autonomous Region, but more than 93 thousand rubles could be earned in the building complex of Chukotka (where, it's no secret, almost nothing is built).

Number, salary, growth potential of staff up to 2021 year

Branch

Average number, thousand people

Average monthly salary, rubles / month.

The growth potential of the population up to 2021 year

Extraction of oil and natural gas

13623

75558

8-10%

Production and distribution of gas fuel

3428

36100

40-45%

Production of petroleum products

3588

60031

30-35%

Extraction of coal and peat

17432

47892

35-40%

Energetics

54447

56382

3-5%

Chemical production

4813

30065

3-7%

Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

4650

18213

30-35%

Metal ore mining

43897

62224

10-15%

Metallurgical production

10854

26947

6-11%

Manufacture of machinery and equipment

13351

35971

3-8%

Construction and repair of ships

18112

41450

30-35%

Crop production

14120

17575

10-15%

Livestock raising

14638

20711

18-23%

Food production

33023

25028

10-15%

Fishing industry complex

43511

43983

8-13%

Wood processing

9045

22314

15-20%

Pulp and paper industry

1056

21583

4-7%

Housing and utilities

96823

37826

2-5%

Building complex

193557

43999

3-8%

Air transport

7013

77583

2-5%

Subsidiary transport activities

83685

45420

7-12%

Complex of health and social services

216858

35455

2-5%

Tourist and recreational complex

18112

41450

30-35%

Source: navigator professions ARCHK DV


Questions arise at the level of detail. So, the average monthly wage in the Far Eastern Federal District following the results of the last year, it says in the navigator, was higher than the all-Russian as much as 70,95% - 55946 thousand rubles. What is not the paradise size for those who dream of making a lot of money? The Rosstat data adds a spoonful of tar to this barrel of honey. Looking at the official statistics, it's easy to find out that this record amount of wages in the Far Eastern Federal District was recorded only in December of last year. In other months of the year it was significantly lower, and this is understandable - before the New Year people usually receive bonuses and allowances. In December 2015 and Russia paid 43408 rubles on average - the difference with the Far Eastern indicator, thus, not 70%, but approximately 28%.

It is noteworthy that after the appeal of EastRussia with the question of why the December salary 2015 of the year was taken as a basis, the APLR replied that they had made changes to the navigator. “The data in the table on the average wage are based on the results of 2015 of the year (this is indicated by a footnote after it),” reported in ARCHK - At the end of December and 2015, respectively, the level of average wages was such a value. We agree that in this form, the indicator may be misinterpreted, so we are ready to make a change and reflect the average annual nominal wage (an updated version of the Navigator with the adjustment is posted on the Agency's website), ”the ARCC press service reported. In the updated version, “the average monthly nominal wage increased by 5,6% and amounted to 43,2 thousand rubles, which is higher than the national average by 26,7%”.



However, this adjusted figure looks dubious, if you look at the size of the average salary in the regional context. It will be immediately clear who made the main contribution to this “average temperature in the hospital”. When calculating the average salary for the four most populated and developed regions of the Far-Eastern Federal District — the Primorsky and Khabarovsk territories, the Amur Region and the Jewish Autonomous Region — the average annual figures will be in the 30 – 38 range, thousand rubles. In these regions, two thirds of the population of the Far East live, and their wages are not higher than the average in Russia.

Average monthly nominal accrued wages of employees in a full range of organizations by entities of the Russian Federation in 2015, rubles

Region

Wages

Number of population

DFO

42876

6195

The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

54150

959,7

Kamchatka

56217

316,1

Primorsky Krai

33818

1929

Khabarovsk Krai

38066

1334,6

Amur Region

31862

805,7

Magadan region

64961

146,3

Sakhalin Region

61216

487,3

Jewish Autonomous Region

30763

166,1

Chukotka

78804

50,2

Russian Federation

34012

Source: Rosstat

At the same time, we should not forget that the population expenditures in the DFO are still higher than all-Russian, because here everything is a priori more expensive. Even the head of the APLK, Valentin Timakov, acknowledged this in an interview: “Because of what, it’s clear: these are high costs for housing and public utilities and food, as well as everything related to environmental conditions - warm clothes, winter tires. This is a general question of the development of the country; by the efforts of our agency alone, this “imbalance” cannot be corrected. And not everything can be influenced by the state, the climate cannot be changed. ”

At the same time, according to the general director of the timber industry holding BM-Group Alexandra Pudovkina, Despite the generally not outstanding level of the average salary in the Far East, some categories of specialists today can really earn big money here. So in this sense, the navigator does not lie.


Keys to the "key"

In addition to the "focus" with numbers, which can be understood and forgive, it is worth noting another nuance. In each branch of the navigator compilers lead the so-called "key industry projects." A quick glance at the names of these projects makes it clear that the “key” initiatives are those announced in the ToR or Free Port, as well as investment projects that receive infrastructure support through the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia. However, the need for resources of many of the projects called “key”, not only does not affect the labor market, but in principle is within the limits of statistical error. While many truly “key” projects in the Navigator are not named in principle.

So, key projects in the gas industry are Chayanda in Yakutia and a gas processing plant in the Amur region. On the first "no data", and the second will require 3 thousand employees. But the same status - a "key" project - was received by the AGZC in the TOP "Nadezhdinskaya", which requires ... only 20 employees. In the production of petroleum products demand for 1,2 thousand workers for refineries in the TOP "Priamurskaya", where Chinese companies are residents, is claimed. But what about Rosneft's projects? Extraction on Sakhalin? Extraction in the Kamchatka Territory?

In coal mining, demand for personnel is formed, first of all, by SUEK in the Khabarovsk Territory and GOE "Taiga" (Yakutia). But coal is mined on Sakhalin, and Elga is still developing, and Colmar is developing the Inaglinsky complex (both in Yakutia). The key projects in the extraction of metal ores are gold mining in the Selemginsky district of the Amur region (4 thousand jobs to 2022) and the MMC for the Ozernovskoye gold ore deposit project in the Magadan Region (1,2 thousand jobs to 2018 year). But for some reason they do not mention the Kimkano-Sutarsky GOK in the EAO. In shipbuilding everything is clear - more than 5 thousand workers will be required to shipyard large-capacity shipbuilding in the TOP "Big Stone".

16 jobs will be required for the production of acrylic paints, and 8 - for the production of cleaning and car care products in the industrial park "Kangalassy". Such are the key projects in chemical production (up to 2021 a year about 3,5 thousand jobs will open here, only the source is unclear). A similar project plan with the need for 23 workers is called "key" in the machinery and equipment manufacturing sector (production of automotive interior and air filters in the Khabarovsk TOP). In the fishing industry (more than 8,5 thousand to 2021 year), the key projects are the fish farm for the breeding and sale of sturgeon fishes in the Khabarovsk TOR (17 workplaces for 2019) and the profound modernization of the existing fish processing plant in the Komsomolsk TOP (40 jobs to 2021 year). And this is against the backdrop of Napoleon's Rosrybolovstva plans to fill the Russian market with Far Eastern catches?

The conclusion is obvious: almost all the staffing needs of the sectors, analyzed by the AHCC, are somehow tied to the potential of various TORs and mega-projects. At the same time, the statistics on residents from the same Far Eastern Development Corporation looks richer and more convincing than the one that is shown by the ARPC analysis in the “navigator”.


Energy did not take into account

In other words, the choice of ARKhK key projects in some industries raises big questions. And most of all - in the energy sector. Here is just one “key” project - the reconstruction of wind power plants with a capacity of 2,5 MW in the Beringovsky PDA, which will need 2017 employees in 7 (again, in seven words!). In general, however, the navigator states that the industry will form a request for approximately 3,8 thousand workers - and this calms a little, especially when you know about the large-scale investment programs of “RusHydro”, which has long been designated as the main energy producer in the DFO, and its subsidiary - RAO ES of the East.

This is at least strange, given that RAO “ES of the East” and its subsidiaries constantly report on their staffing needs. Moreover, in February, ARTC and one of the territorial energy companies, PJSC Yakutskenergo, concluded an agreement, under which the energy company sent the list of vacancies to the agency. So, only Yakut GRES-2, which is scheduled to launch in 2017, will need 236 people. But in the list of key projects of this station is not.

The press service of RAO ES Vostok told EastRussia correspondent that the energy holding company is not cooperating with the ARCHC on recruitment issues. Although joint projects are under way. RAO does not hide its figures. So, after the launch of the "Eastern" thermal power station in Vladivostok, 151 people will work, of which 22 specialists have already been recruited - they are involved in commissioning. At the cogeneration plant in Sovetskaya Gavan, 450 people will work (some of these vacancies will be occupied by the staff of the Mayskaya GRES, whose outgoing capacity will be replaced by a new station), at Sakhalinskaya GRES-2 after the launch - 432 employee. Sakhalinenergo has already sent to the Tomari administration a list of the first 100 vacancies. The list includes fuel delivery drivers, drivers of heavy trucks, crane and bulldozer machinists, mechanics, electricians, laboratory technicians and chemical cleaners of the chemical shop, electric gas welder, weighers, battery electrician, store and house managers, storekeepers, legal adviser, clerk, cooks, cleaners, specialist on repair and washing of overalls, and also guards.

“A common problem that exists now not only in our company, but also in the energy sector as a whole, is the shortage of skilled personnel of middle age. The older generation of power engineers must be replaced by people who received education in the 1990s. However, at that time most applicants chose the professions of lawyers and economists, so now we are experiencing a shortage of qualified technical specialists at the age of 37-40 years, who have experience behind them. There are either very young employees, yesterday's students, or age-old energy workers who will retire tomorrow, ”the East Russia Director of Personnel PJSC told EastRussia correspondent Victoria Park.

According to her, in general, staffing of the company is 96,8% - and this is a fairly high figure. "However, in the regions of the Far North and the areas equated to them with personnel, we have problems. The greatest shortage of personnel is experienced by Chukotenergo and Magadanenergo. There are not enough relays, electricians to repair overhead lines, operation of power distribution networks and maintenance of substations, locksmiths for repair of gas turbine equipment of stations, engineers of RZiA, "notes Pak.


Own analyst

The ARCHC recognizes that in their work they focus on the residents of the TOP and the Free Port of Vladivostok. "Information on them is the most complete. Information about corporate projects comes from employers and the media. Our list of projects is inconclusive, it can and should be constantly supplemented and updated, the agency's press service notes. - Several sources of information are used to calculate the needs. The base is the current employment in the industry. Prospects for development: 1) new jobs in investment projects, 2) employers' requests to the Agency (for recruitment), 3) official statistics on the planning of the workforce in the enterprise, 4) forecasts of the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation and certain sectors of the economy (data Ministry of Economic Development). The data obtained are evaluated by the Agency's experts who prepare an integral (using all sources and results) growth rates within certain boundaries, "explained the navigator to EastRussia.

Thus, the lack of data on personnel in the energy sector can be attributed to the fact that RAO ES of the East simply did not apply for help in the ARCHK.

Whatever the case may be, but such paper work of the ARLK among the current employers causes, at best, skepticism. “I have heard little about the Agency for the Development of Human Capital, and especially for the significant results of its work, for example, the employment of a number of people, the solution of personnel problems of these or companies. The same information, the content of which in the navigator is positioned as its main value - data on the demand for professions by people looking for work today, is not obscure for us now, ”said Alexander Pudovkin, for example, to EastRussia correspondent.

“Today there are many websites providing information on the sought-after professions and the labor market in the Far East. Such information and have a variety of committees on labor. Therefore, the navigator made ARCHK is not unique. It would be useful for both employers and today's job seekers if it would reflect specific processes that are actively developing today, problems in finding work, and helped find both sides of useful people, ”said Natalia Pudovkina .

True, there is another opinion. So, the managing director of GC "Dobroflot" Alexander Efremov told an EastRussia correspondent that he was able, with the help of the ARLAA, to find a defector for his company. Independent search lasted four months, and ARCHK did it in two weeks. “The agency does not deal with something new in the Far East, since the goals set for it were set in the times of the Soviet Union. And then they were realized, because the present-day population of the Far East is, in fact, people brought in from the central Russian regions then, says Efremov. - With regard to the navigator created by the AWLK, among the information it contains, data on the average wage are valuable for employers. The rest of the information is not such for him, since he feels on his own skin how the situation in the labor market will develop in the Far East — which workers will be more or less deficient in the future. For example, now it is clear to any employer that just as there are no electricians in the Far East right now, there will never be any there. ”