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The fish industry was ordered to be different: aquaculture, quotas and shipbuilding in the Far East - EastRussia | Analytics of the East of Russia

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The fish industry was ordered to be different

What is the state focused on in the development of the fishing industry of the Far East

In the Far East, more than three million tons of aquatic bioresources are produced annually, more than two million tons of fish products are produced. However, the current indicators are far from the limit. The industry has considerable potential for growth.

The fish industry was ordered to be different
Photo: shutterstock.com
Over the past year at the state level, decisions have been made that will change the face of the fishing industry in the near future. And it will be not just development, but a qualitative update and an attempt to reform the consciousness of industrialists. For example, last year a federal law was passed to introduce quotas for the extraction of aquatic bioresources for investment purposes. That is, the opportunity to catch will be provided in exchange for obligations - entrepreneurs will have to build either a fishing fleet in domestic shipyards or fish processing plants in coastal regions. For these purposes, it is planned to allocate 20% of the total allowable catch. In the Far East this is the order of 500 thousand tons of aquatic biological resources (Federal Law dated 3 July 2016 No. 379-FZ).

At the beginning of this year, the principle of granting investment quotas to investors was agreed upon, which will now be assigned to users not for 10, but for 15 years. The long horizon of planning and prioritization of economically and socially significant directions should help the industry to reach a different level of development. In addition, a special subcommittee on the development of the fisheries complex was established in the Far East and a number of legislative acts aimed at developing aquaculture, another promising Far East direction, were adopted.


CLOSER TO THE BEACH, TO THE TABLE
Manufacturing production will develop intensively. One of the prerequisites - the requirements of domestic and foreign markets. In 2016, the average fish consumption in the Russian Federation was about 20 kg per person. However, in the DFO it is traditionally higher - 27-28 kg, and in the Khabarovsk Territory - and more than 30.

A lot goes for export. Annually Far Eastern enterprises export more than 1 million tons of fish products. The largest consumers are China, South Korea and Japan.

And although the figures for the annual turnover of fish and fish products have reached a record level, there is a prospect. The incentive should be investment and the TOR and SVP regimes designed to greatly facilitate the implementation of investment projects, giving residents a number of preferences in tax and customs legislation.

Among the regions of the Far East, the leader in the implementation of processing industries is the Kamchatka Territory. Since 2008, the 17 modern plants have been established here. In 2016 alone, private investment in the reconstruction and construction of new plants in Kamchatka amounted to about 1,5 billion rubles. Now on the peninsula 10 investment projects with an investment volume of almost 11 billion rubles are under implementation. Most of them are on the coast in remote areas of the region. Among the largest projects is the construction of a new fish factory complex in Tymlat with an investment volume of more than 2 billion rubles. Last year, the project received the status of particularly significant. Two more organizations received the status of residents of the Tor Kamchatka. The Lenin Kolkhoz is implementing a project for the construction of new production buildings of a coastal factory in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. And the City of 415 company together with the Korean business plans to create a complex for deep processing of fish.

The regional authorities refer processing to strategically important areas and try to support entrepreneurs. In addition to federal support measures, Kamchatka has been providing regional subsidies since last year to recover part of the costs of paying the first installment under leasing contracts, and also increased the amount of compensation for leasing payments and interest on investment loans.

The Khabarovsk Territory is also aimed at developing coastal processing. Here, for example, within the territory of the advanced development in the Mykolayiv district, a plant will be commissioned on the shore of the Sakhalin Bay. The enterprise is to be connected by road with Nikolayevsky-on-Amur and Innokentyevka village, by water transport to provide delivery to Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Khabarovsk. The plant should work not only on salmon, but also on herring, navaga, capelin.

The fish processing plant "Vostochnoe" also plans to modernize production and build a new fish factory on the sites of the TOR "Nikolaevsk". Investments in the plant in the village of Innokentevka will amount to about 500 million rubles.

Khabarovsk authorities and business are closely watching the preparation of legal acts on investment quotas. They are confident that such a mechanism will open up new vistas to coastal plants.

In Primorsky Krai, under the TOR regimes, seven fishing enterprises are implementing their projects. Their hearts are Nakhodka Sea Fishing Port OJSC, which will build a fish terminal in Nakhodka, LLC Vladivostok Fish Terminal, with a project of building a refrigerating and storage complex for transshipment and storage of fish products.

But, perhaps, one of the most ambitious projects will be realized on Sakhalin - here already received the status of the resident of the Free Port, LLC "Southern Terminal" plans to create a fish processing and processing center in Korsakov. Investor plans to invest in the development of effective service and trade 998 million rubles. Businessmen and regional authorities call the project the first step for the formation of a fish cluster using modern technological processes on the territory of the Sakhalin region.

According to the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East, seven projects in the field of fish processing are being implemented in the territories of advanced development, and another 9 projects are being implemented within the framework of the economic regime of the Free Port. The total amount of investments in projects is more than 12 billion rubles.


SHIPBUILDING FEELS THE FLOW
Another popular destination among investors is shipbuilding. Today, 90% of the fishing fleet in Russia is made up of ships that were built over 20 years ago. According to the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia, the need for fishing organizations in the Far Eastern region for the period up to 2030 is estimated at 147 vessels. Meanwhile, in recent years not a single large-tonnage fishery has been built at Russian shipyards. All investments related to the construction and modernization of the fleet have so far flowed abroad. But investment quotes, coupled with simplified tax and customs regimes, should radically change this vector.

The key in the mechanism of investment quotas is access to the resource of any investor, regardless of whether or not it has a history of fishing and operating quotas. And the competitiveness of the procedure for providing the resource should play a qualitative update of the fishing fleet and encourage domestic shipyards to follow the trends of the new time.

The list of types of water resources for allocating quotas for investment purposes has already been approved. It includes sixteen items, fifteen of which belong to the Far Eastern fisheries basin (Alaska pollock, Pacific herring, Far Eastern flounder, Terpug, Commander squid, Macurus, Navaga, Black and White halibuts, cod, five species of crab).



Russian shipbuilders have already set their sights on conquering new peaks. And their authorities actively support this.

"We are following the development of mechanisms for the allocation of so-called investment quotas, because already in the near future it can increase the capacity utilization of not only shipbuilding plants, but also equipment suppliers. At the same time, work with fishermen is already underway. Thus, the Khabarovsk Shipyard signed an agreement on the intentions to build a series of hijackers with OOO Viking, with the beginning of work in 2017. At present, the customer, together with the designer, is working on the project of future ships, "- said Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Industry and Transport of the Khabarovsk Territory Sergey Ivashkin.

Adds a chance for investment success and another measure is a recycling grant. At the beginning of May, the Government of the Russian Federation approved a mechanism for reimbursement of costs for the acquisition of new vessels in return for being handed over for recycling. The amount of subsidy for the acquisition (construction) of one new vessel of a fishing or technical fleet is 10% of its value (excluding value added tax), but no more than 70 million rubles.

However, even without sounded measures, the regions have long taken a vector for fleet renewal. In the same Kamchatka, in addition to fish processing, they are actively investing in shipbuilding. Thanks to the investment project of one of the oldest Kamchatka fishing enterprises, Kolkhoz named after Lenin, the region became a leader in the field of fleet construction. This is the first company that builds up-to-date production vessels at the Russian shipyard. Within the framework of this project in 2018, the Kamchatka fleet will be replenished with three state-of-the-art vessels, with a total value of about 4,5 billion rubles. The first vessel will leave the slipways in June of this year, the second in November.

The Sakhalin Region also sets priorities in favor of shipbuilding. In addition to the coastal capacities in Korsakov, ship-repair facilities with elements of modular shipbuilding (Nevelsk and Korsakov) will be built as part of the implementation of the South Terminal project. This is enshrined in the regional program for the development of fisheries up to 2020.


AQUACULTURE: HERE WAITING FOR CHANGES
According to Far Eastern scientists, more than 2 million hectares of marine area off the Russian coast of the Sea of ​​Japan and the South of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk are suitable for aquaculture. However, less than 20 thousand hectares are developed. The potential of aquaculture production in the Far East is more than 1 million tons of products per year, while it is realized by less than one percent. With an annual production of more than 3 million tons of fish, only 6 thousand tons of aquaculture are produced per year. The situation is going to be changed drastically.

"The direction of aquaculture today is one of the most promising for development. However, in the direction of growing populations of commercial fish and shellfish - aquaculture - there is a significant lag, the potential is practically not realized. Therefore, the decision to provide entrepreneurs with a part of the water area for the development of this promising industry is absolutely logical and correct. This will contribute to the growth of industrial production, the creation of new jobs, the strengthening of the economy and the investment attractiveness of the region, "said Deputy Minister for Far East Development Serey Kachaev.

A breakthrough idea of ​​how to involve the maximum amount of water areas in economic circulation was made by the Deputy Prime Minister - Presidential Plenipotentiary in the Far Eastern Federal District Yury Trutnev. On his initiative, a declarative procedure was introduced for aquaculture plots with their further auctioning.

An interactive one window service for Russian and international market participants will be formed. That is, a dimension grid will be applied to the fishery basin water area. An entrepreneur in online mode will be able to make a choice of a site. The application will automatically go to Rosrybolovstvo, which will approve the boundaries of the fish farm and display it on an electronic auction through the Internet service of the Foundation for the Development of the Far East.

The idea of ​​an interactive map of the plots was supported by Russian President Vladimir Putin. The draft acts of the Government of the Russian Federation have already been drafted, which will ensure the implementation of such a model by the end of the year. A list of potential investors for new aquaculture enterprises in the Russian Far East (250 companies from Russia, Asia-Pacific countries, Europe, the United States, etc.) has been formed, contacts with trade missions of Russia in the Asia-Pacific, North America and Europe have been established. Potential investors were sent proposals for the creation of aquaculture farms in the Far East with the help of a new Internet service.

Meanwhile, in the first quarter of this year, more than 5 thousand hectares of water were provided to entrepreneurs for the development of aquaculture in the Far East. In total, 54 of such a site is allocated. These are 3 sites with an area of ​​31,88 ha in the Sakhalin Region, 18 sites with an area of ​​389,45 ha in the Khabarovsk Krai, and 33 sites with an area of ​​4802,2 ha in Primorye. Schedules of the auctions are published on the sites of the Ministry of the East, Rosrybolovstvo and its territorial offices in the Far Eastern Federal District. Now it is open information. Schedules of such auctions are laid out quarterly so that any interested investor can take part in them.

In Minvostokrazvitiya are sure that the fishing industry is able to make a powerful contribution to the development of the Far East. The Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East, Alexander Galushka, believes that the implementation of measures aimed at developing the fisheries complex of the Far Eastern Federal District will ensure an investment inflow of over 150 billion rubles in the next three to five years.

"We will continue to increase investment attractiveness and stimulate the inflow of private investments into key economic sectors of the Far East. The Government of Russia is completing work on by-laws on the procedure for providing investment quotas for fishing. They fixed the priority of the Far East. Those who will build new fishing vessels in the Far Eastern shipyards and new processing plants in the Far East will receive more quotas for the right to fish. Before the Eastern Economic Forum, we plan to launch a new electronic service for the selection of marine areas for aquaculture. It will be an open, convenient, underline, competitive mechanism. Any investor can choose the area cleared of all legal restrictions on the electronic map, submit an application electronically and within ten days the selected site will be auctioned, "the minister said.