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Leonid Blyakher: Chances and risks of Far Eastern hectares - EastRussia | Opinions

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The saga of the Far Eastern hectare - 3

A series of essays on people and free land. Sketch # 3: chances and risks of the Far Eastern hectare

Everything started happily, bravely and under the TV camera. Hectares were given to several well-known benefactors and other good people. They were told about them in regional and some federal media. They shared their plans for a hectare with journalists. Then there was a pause.

The saga of the Far Eastern hectare - 3

Leonid Blyakher

Professor, Head of the Department of Philosophy and Culturology of the Pacific State University, Doctor of Philosophy
People waited. It was clear and habitual that an ordinary applicant would not get his hectare so simply. But how difficult is it? But, if people in the Far East used to wait, the ministry could not wait. The project risked repeating the fate of the idea of ​​legalizing self-employed, which involved almost fifty people around the country.

An administrative resource is enabled. In any case, such rumors persistently creep through the Far Eastern cities and villages. For hectares rushed civil servants of different ranks. The network has photos of officials on "his" hectare. Important people spoke about the fact that a good thing, they too will take. With all the demonstrativeness of this act, people, one way or another, interested in obtaining land, could get accustomed to the land allocation process. Other tools worked for the “external audience”. Here's a poll of VTsIOM, showing millions eager to gain land in the region. See, do not have time? But many articles about how good it is to have a house in the village, ideally - the Far East.

With millions of residents of European regions of Russia has not yet happened, but slowly the program began to unwind. Tens of thousands of plots were allocated, maps of plots were drawn up, and responsible persons were appointed. Applications, of course, were not millions, but already thousands. And not only officials. However, already with the thousands there were constantly some kind of incomprehensibility that required the direct intervention of either the minister or the plenipotentiary. The implementation of the program required professional work and long coordination. But the PR project dictated the need for quick action. More often won PR. Therefore, contradictions arose.

It turned out to be impossible to obtain a loan at least some real interest for the development of the hectare already received. Happy owners of hectares appealed to the plenipotentiary. The latter was threateningly speaking at a regular meeting. Officials took the visor, but the problems continued. Sometimes absurd and unexpected. So, the whole region "thundered" the case with a man from whom for raskorchevivanie his hectare demanded a fine of half a million rubles. After all, he destroyed trees, harmed the environment. Again, good intervention of the highest people in the territory and the region.

But the number of problems as the number of owners of "Far Eastern hectares" increased definitely did not want to decrease. People naively wished to be able to drive to their site. But there was no road. In general, it was desirable to have electricity in the 21st century. And again it did not turn out. Again, thunder and lightning flew to the municipalities, which tear down and sabotage the much-needed undertaking. To the leaders of the subjects of the federation, who did not provide, did not provide, etc. The fact that the municipalities to ensure unexpectedly fallen on them "hectares" simply do not have the funds, did not make a pronouncement.

And the problems are growing and growing. Increasingly, the site is located directly near the landfill, and even on land already owned. The number of "Far Eastern hectares" and the territory of common use fell into the list: roads, power lines, etc. More and more outraged voices. Some of them go out in the vast Far Eastern open spaces. Some voices of the taiga wind bring to the media. And someone's speeches reach the powers that be.



It is becoming increasingly clear that the land cadastre in the region correlates, more likely, with the prices for firewood in the southern hemisphere than with the actual situation with the land. Not that there was someone's evil intent. It's not that someone wants to complicate life for the recipients of the "Far Eastern hectare". Not at all. It's just that neither the high authorities in the capital, nor the local leadership, have any idea of ​​what it controls. And this, according to studies carried out with the support of the Khamovniki Foundation, Olga Molyarenko and Alexander Pavlov, is not only a Far Eastern specificity. In this situation it is extremely difficult to make the PR project grow into something tangible. That's why the menacing speeches and outraged voices continue.

Does this mean that the project is doomed to failure? I think no. If it lasts for some time, then its transition from a virtual state to a real one can happen in an orderly fashion. Will everything go smoothly? Of course not. The problems associated with extremely approximate knowledge of the object of management (the region) will remain. Each time their decision will not be common, but random. But some general principles for solving these problems are gradually developed. Good or bad? White or gray? I do not know. More importantly, they are working. So that the municipalities on which the lion's share of the burden and risks lay in this project were somehow (not only the fear of punishment or legal prosecution) motivated to participate in the project. If it is, then the number of people who have connected their lives with the land, with the Far Eastern land, will grow. They will work on the local market. Accordingly, the region’s dependence on external exports will be reduced. Yes, and the social aspect is no less important. After all, as the regional production is curtailed with the state subsidies that are getting shorter, the number of “office workers” will decrease, the areas where the released population could “leak” apart from working in Yandex Taxi will become more and more important. Of course, work on the ground is not for everyone. But for many. It means that these people will not only not leave the region, but also will not take a sawn-off shotgun or a pistol. It would be good to add liberated trade to liberated agriculture, and then for the Far East you can be calm. Skilled people will survive.

The growth in the number and size of these "freed" (or at least bailed out) farms is quite capable of giving impetus to the construction of roads, elevators, vegetable stores, factories for the processing of these products and much more. Of course, these will not be enterprises with thousands of workers and engineers, but sausage shops, distilleries, bakeries with a dozen workers, shops and cafes. But can it be for the better? After all, each such employee, earning a living himself, reduces the social burden on budgets, initiates the creation of related jobs. And there ... The prospects are breathtaking. However, before we prophesy, we better think again. Together.