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Chance for a green economy

For environmental studies in the Far East undertook a Nobel laureate from Italy. He is sure: "green" technologies have every chance to come to replace the traditional

The Laboratory for the Study of Climate Change in the Far East was established in FEFU, headed by Riccardo Valentini, Professor of the University of Tushia (Italy) and Director of the European Mediterranean Climate Change Center.

Chance for a green economy
29 February 2016 will go down in history of the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) as the date of integration of the university into the European global climate change monitoring system. On this day, the University’s rector Sergey Ivanets signed an employment contract with Riccardo Valentini, world-renowned Italian ecologist, professor of Tuschia University (region near Rome), director of the European Mediterranean Center for Climate Change, Nobel Peace Prize winner the so-called global warming), caused by human activity, and the development of measures for their possible prevention. "

"The employment in FEFU of Mr. Riccardo Valentini assumes that he will periodically come to Vladivostok to lecture and conduct seminars with our students, to conduct all necessary work with postgraduate students and doctoral students. But this is not the only thing. We are creating a laboratory within the walls of our university under his leadership - the Laboratory for the Study of Climate Change in the Far East, "the rector of the FEFU Sergei Ivanets said at a joint briefing with the Italian professor.

According to the rector, the laboratory will be located in the central building of FEFU; they will work there, under the supervision of Riccardo Valentini, primarily by employees of the FEFU School of Natural Sciences, but not only. “It will be an interdisciplinary structure and specialists from different departments of our university, in particular, from the School of Economics and Management of FEFU, will be employed in it. Moreover, the work of scientists and teachers will not be limited to cabinet walls, but full-scale field studies and measurements of climate change will be carried out with the help of our stations in Terney area, ”said Sergey Ivanets.

Riccardo Valentini himself thanked the FEFU leadership for their trust and noted that he honored to work in such a university, which, along with the richest traditions of Russian science and education, personifies the Asian part of a great country.

"In Primorye, we with my Russian colleagues from FEFU will focus on creating a research team that will study both the risks of climate change and the positive opportunities arising from these changes. In the latter case, for example, the development of new types of agriculture can be discussed. Moreover, we plan to create such a large center for climate change analysis in the province that it will cover not only the Russian Far East, but the entire Asia-Pacific region as a whole with its studies.

In general, our work in FEFU will go along two innovative lines. The first is connected with the measurement of greenhouse gas emissions (carbon dioxide and methane) - both as a result of natural processes (life activity of organisms) and as a result of human economic activity (hydrocarbon energy, transport, etc.).

The second direction is the planning of economic activity, which, on the one hand, would be optimal in the context of irreversible climate change, and on the other hand, would itself help to ensure that negative climate changes are minimized, "the Italian professor in Primorye said. Conversation with journalists.



Here it is necessary to remind that the activity of Riccardo Valentini as an ecologist is inseparably linked with the conferences of the countries-participants of the UN Convention on Climate Change (COP). The last such conference - 21-I On the account - took place in Paris in December 2015 year. The alarm of the governments of 195 countries of the world is caused by man's economic activity, connected with the ever increasing consumption of hydrocarbon resources (as a result of the rapid growth of mankind and the development of technologies). As a result, the atmosphere is clogged with carbon dioxide and other so-called greenhouse gases, contributing to a global temperature increase on Earth.

Thus, according to the calculations of a number of environmental experts, since the beginning of the industrial revolution in the second half of the 18 century, the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by 30%. And compared to 1850, the year the total temperature on the globe has increased by 1 degrees. According to some models, if the temperature rises even 2 degrees, it can lead to dangerous consequences.

The Paris Conference (COP-21) formulated the goal of the coming decades - to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions without jeopardizing further economic development. A number of countries announced their plans to achieve certain indicators in this direction. So, Russia announced its intention to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from 25% to 20% to 2030 compared to 1990. In this issue, our country relies on its forest resources, which constitute 20% of the world's forests.

This is partly why Riccardo Valentini went to the Russian Far East, a region characterized by the maximum concentration of forest resources along with the minimum population density. One of the main tasks of the new FEFU laboratory under the guidance of the Italian ecologist will be the search for exactly such methods of management and energy technologies that would not so much pollute the environment as harmoniously as possible with it.

To the question of "ER" correspondent "Is there a chance for new environmentally friendly (so-called" green ") technologies to break through the departmental and corporate interests of influential social groups focused on traditional hydrocarbon energy sources?" The Nobel laureate responded positively:

"You know, today the green economy has every chance to replace the traditional economy. Electric cars, electricity generation with the help of the sun and wind, active searches for optimal options for the hydrogen engine - all this slowly begins to pierce its way into life. And the very fact of creating laboratories like the ones we organized in FEFU is a good confirmation of that. Man is a system capable at a certain stage of its development to realize all the perniciousness of falsely understood scientific and technical progress. "

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Implementing the policy of improving the quality of teaching and conducting research to the world level, FEFU invites international class professionals. One of them was Professor Riccardo Valentini, awarded, in addition to the Nobel Prize, a number of other honorary awards and titles. In particular, the awards of Nornbert Gamber, the European Scientific Council, the European Federation of Ecologists, Marx Planck, Ernst Haeckel and the title of "The Best Ecologist of Europe-2015".