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"Latitude Crimean, longitude Kolyma"
Who got land in the Far East
The Afisha Daliy journalists were interested in the law on the Far Eastern hectare. EastRussia publishes material on the program colleagues.
The program for the settlement of the Far East - "Far Eastern hectare" - was launched in June 2016 year, in June last year was adopted Relevant law. The residents of several regions of the Far East were the first to receive a free plot of land, since October this opportunity has appeared in all the Far Eastern countries, and since February of the year 2017 - for all Russians, including those living abroad. Citizens of other states, of course, can not participate in the program, they are even forbidden to rent Far Eastern lands.
Plots of not more than a hectare are distributed strictly one by one in the hands, while it is possible to design a far eastern piece of land even for an infant. Its location applicants define independently - it can be made on a site of the program "To the Far East". Choose between the lands in Yakutia, Amur, Magadan and Sakhalin regions, Primorsky, Kamchatka and Khabarovsk regions, as well as in the Jewish Autonomous Region and the Chukotka Autonomous District.
The received site can be used for free for five years, provided it is "developed". The temporary owner is given a year to choose the activities for the development of the land. This can be housing construction, development of rural, forestry and hunting economy or other business. After three years of use, it is necessary to report on the results achieved to the authorities. After five years, the temporary owner gets the lease for 49 years. In this case, they promise that after 10-year lease, the land can be registered as a property.
What about the program "Far Eastern hectare" say economists
Igor Makarov Associate Professor of the Department of World Economy, HSE
"The" Far Eastern hectare "is good because it does not require large government spending. In many respects the program is a win-win: if there are a lot of developed plots, and they will launch economic activity in the region - excellent. If not, it's still some result with minimal costs. All this can be estimated in five years, when it becomes clear whether the plots will be transferred to temporary owners.
The program will not solve, for example, a demographic problem due to its scale - this is just one of the ways to develop a business. Do not compare the "Far Eastern hectare" with the development of the Wild West in the XIX century. in America or with the initiative of settling Siberia under Stolypin. In those days, land was the main source of income, for many it was a survival factor. Now it is a much less attractive asset, especially if its total hectare. In modern conditions, economic activity on earth is impossible without access to capital and infrastructure. In general, this program is part of a large-scale development strategy for the Far East, which was launched in 2013, when Russia, which was previously economically focused only on Europe, understood what prospects it could open up in the Asia-Pacific region. By the way, now the Far East occupies a key place in the gradual deepening of cooperation with Asian countries. ”
What the participants say
Arthur Agafonov Journalist East Russia, Moscow
"My brother and I have been engaged in the development of tourism in the Far East for more than five years: we have released guides In most of the Far Eastern regions, passed and passed on foot Yakutia, Kamchatka, Chukotka, Primorye, Sakhalin, Magadan region and Khabarovsk territory. Local people like to measure their lands by foreign countries. The territory of the Far East is about two in India. In one Yakutia there would be six France. At the same time, there are slightly more than six million people in the region - about the same in Denmark. The vast expanses of the region are empty.
The main difficulty in obtaining hectares - the choice of location. I advise you to compare the map on the portal with Yandex Maps - so you definitely won't take a swamp or ravine. Although we had no difficulty with the choice: we got to our future site a year ago, when we made a guidebook for the Sakhalin Region. Once we drove along the highway and saw a woman who was selling boiled crabs on the road. True, we first decided that it was a strawberry, only then we saw it. They bought crabs, beer and sat down to dine on the beach. Then they thought it would be nice to live here. Therefore, when the program started, we chose a site right there, on the shore.
The beauty of the chosen place is that it is located forty minutes from the capital of the region - Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Asphalt road leads to the city, - that, it's not some tundra-forests. Plus, near the world markets - Japan, Korea and China. We plan to use the land for commercial purposes, start our own business. What - until they came up with: there is still a year to think about the plan. We are not going to move definitively, although we are ready to live there for a year or two to realize some interesting project. "
Andranik Agafonov Chief Editor, East Russia, Moscow
"Local people say:" Crimean Latitude, longitude Kolyma "- this proverb very accurately determines the Far Eastern climate. The south of Sakhalin in latitude is almost Crimea, but everything is complicated with the weather. In summer it is rainy and cool, the sea warms up slightly. And the coast is often covered with dense fog. In winter it is damp and strong winds blow; Snow sweeps so much that the trains are stuck. But to have a house on the beach is nice - even if the Sea of Okhotsk. From our site to the water 30 meters. You can build a berth for a boat, you can buy a yacht and walk on it around the world. I hope that we will reach our land in autumn. First we will put the sea container where it will be possible to spend the night and leave things, - it will turn out to be hundred thousand rubles. In the future, we plan to build a house together with our friends-neighbors. True, there is the question of expediency - to live without electricity and water is problematic.
But so far we do not see Sakhalin as a permanent place of residence. It is rather a summer base, with which it is convenient to travel to the Kuriles, Japan, China and Korea. Acquaintances, on the contrary, take here land for apiary, mini-farms, construction of campsites and hotels. The site of the program lists many options for using plots. There is even "protection of the state border", "cultivation of cannabis" or "religious purposes".
Konstantin Andreev Sailor, Vladivostok
"I have long dreamed of owning a house with a small household: beds, chickens. There one could come on weekends and holidays. And after retiring, to move permanently. Therefore, when the program became available to all residents of the Far East, I decided to take part in it. I did not even need a whole hectare - it would be enough and 30-40 acres. The main criterion was maximum closeness to Vladivostok and communications.
A suitable site was found near the village of Stekljanukha. From there to Vladivostok, there is no more than 60 kilometers. Formed an application for 13 January and about a month later received preliminary approval. But at the beginning of March they refused me, explaining that the site selected by me falls within the boundaries of the object of the archaeological heritage. Apply for a second time did not want to. At the same time it seems to me that the program will work fine: send the application simply. Plus, it takes no more than ten minutes. The problem can arise only with the map on which you want to draw the desired site. Because of the lack of objects on it that interfere with the land, people are misinformed. Unfortunately, there are a lot of people like me who do not cope with the map.
The fate of temporary owners is still not clear after five years of development of hectares: the state can set a high rent on them. And if the land is allowed to be registered in the property, it is not a fact that the cadastral value will be acceptable. Yes, and taxes will have to pay. Communication and infrastructure are another problem. Owners should do everything at their own expense: to call engineers, surveyors and other specialists to carry out surveying and evaluation. It's expensive - it's easier to buy a dacha. "
Tatyana Babushkina Farmer, Kamchatka
"Many Russians rest in Cyprus, where they are rolled from one winery to another on the hills and hills on donkeys. Two years ago my family and I thought, why do not we make the same attraction in Kamchatka. We have a very beautiful nature: volcanoes, water, forest! We bought three adult donkeys, who eventually had three more babies, and organized farmon your own site. We decided to develop the family business further, and therefore, after learning about the launch of the "Far Eastern hectare" program, we took two plots near our house - me and my son. It was not difficult to draw up documents. Now, mainly parents with children come to our farm, residents of the nearest cities, but we hope that tourists will soon be drawn up too. Because many travelers come to Kamchatka from Russia and other countries.
Some of our friends are also participating in the program of settling the Far East. Basically take hectares for housing or business development. Some, like us, want to expand: open honey apiaries, put greenhouses. Kamchatka has a good, fertile land. I like the idea of the program: I believe that we should invest in the region, build modern buildings, develop business, and attract tourists. They say that there will be no abandoned and empty land plots - local authorities should monitor the use of land, and if a hectare is empty, the state will take it back. ”