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Orphans of Primorye are helped to step into the family
How the Primorye Territory solves the problems of children left without parental care
January 1 of the outgoing year in the database of children left without parental care, in the Primorsky Territory was 2972 person. To date, the rate has dropped to 2695 children. In total, the vast majority of orphans in Primorye are being brought up in families - 74%. Behind these dry indicators of statistics there is a huge work being done by the regional authorities so that children, for some reason, who have lost their family, will acquire it.
According to experts of Charity Fund “Family”, the proportion of orphans in the children's population of Russia has been steadily decreasing since 2012. The main reasons for the positive changes at the federal level in the fund include the growth of the child population, the decrease in newly detected orphans and the withdrawal from the number of orphans to a large number of children 1998-1999 of birth due to their coming of age. The number of students organizations decreases. The proportion of children from newly identified orphans placed in families is growing: the increase in the rate for 2015 was 5,67%, and for unorganized orphans is reduced (from 3% in 2014 to 2,4% in the past).
Primorye should be in line with federal trends. For 2016 a year, according to the regional administration, 1109 children were transferred to the family forms of the device. Of these, 671 people are placed under guardianship, 183 - into a foster family, 141 - for adoption, including 46 children - to foreign nationals. 114 children have been returned to blood families. For the year, 903 orphan children have been identified. More than half of them are 557 children. In the regions of the Far East, the situation with orphans was traditionally more complicated, which was caused by a number of objective factors. But Primorye is getting closer to the average indicators for Russia. In the country at the beginning of 2016, 525,4 was raised in families of thousands of orphans, or 87,9% of all those counted.
A child can receive care and affection only in a family, therefore the state tries to stimulate adoption of orphans by all means. In the Primorsky Territory regional laws are in effect, according to which trustees-guardians and foster families are provided with monthly payments. Families who have adopted three or more orphans and children under guardianship receive additional payments up to the minimum subsistence level. In the budget-2016, for this purpose 20 million rubles were laid, the monthly allowance for the maintenance of foster children and children under guardianship - 7012 rubles (or 7596 rubles for the northern regions of the region). For parents raising three or more orphans, the monthly maintenance in 2016 is 13439 rubles, it has increased by 2015% compared to 22 in the year. Now such payment in Primorye is received by 228 foster families, where the 933 child lives, and 93 families of guardians (guardians) with 285 children. In addition, in Primorye there is a monthly remuneration in the amount of 13411 ruble for orphans. The budget for 2016 for this purpose was provided for 168,5 million rubles.
Material support is extremely important, but only with its help with the problem of orphanhood can not cope. To implement comprehensive measures to prevent and promote family values in 2015 on the initiative of the Governor Vladimir Miklushevsky launched a social project "Children of Primorye." He united the efforts of government, business, the media and the whole society. Through the project for the second year, concrete concrete steps have been taken to improve the situation of orphans.
Charitable gatherings are part of the project, but they go to the background, and the development of the patronage system comes first. "There are a lot of sympathetic people in Primorye, and charity towards orphans is quite common. But I would like every child's home to have a curator who will coordinate the work of all the organization's bosses, entrepreneurs and individuals in this direction, as well as actively cooperate with local administrations and help solve emerging problems. After all, charitable actions do not have to be one-time. Daily painstaking work is needed, because children need attention and support every day, "explained the governor, announcing the start to" Children of Primorye. "
Director of the Department of Education and Science of Primorsky Krai Oksana Martynenko explains that in 2015, Children of Primorye began with working in the media: for tens of days all their types published materials in thematic headings devoted to the promotion of family values and the prevention of orphanhood, and the action ended with a telethon. According to her, the stories told by journalists, quickly found their response among ordinary residents of Primorye, and in the region a fundraiser was announced for gifts to orphans for the New Year. In two months, we managed to collect the amount necessary for the acquisition of 1,5 thousand personal gifts that were sent to orphanages.
In 2016, the project gained new emphases - the creation of a system of patronage over orphanages and correctional boarding schools. A caring teacher for a single child can play a role no less significant than the parents.
Finally, the pre-New Year finale of the action Children of Primorye is the New Year in the Family. This year it will last until January 10. In the course of the action, the family, having passed the test, may invite a child from the orphanage. This requires the consent of the custody service at the place of residence, which is given only with the provision of several types of certificates and the written consent of adult family members. Based on this, the director of the orphanage or boarding school makes a decision on the temporary transfer of the child to the family.
Thanks to the measures taken by the regional authorities, it is possible not only to improve the conditions for the upbringing and maintenance of orphans. They also optimize budget expenditures. So, the growth of the number of orphans brought up in families, allows to restructure the system of orphanages. Now 25 of them have been renamed into the regional state-owned state institutions "Center for the promotion of the family structure of orphans and children left without parental care", and two - and completely eliminated - because all children have found new families.
Among public organizations, the measures taken in Primorye to address the problem of orphanhood are appreciated, but they give guidance about the main measure that should be taken.
“In solving the problem of orphanhood, material support is, of course, very necessary and important. Therefore, it is natural that when they say that there is a problem with the number of people who want to take orphans for upbringing, the authorities think about material support first of all. So did the authorities of Primorye. Important in solving the problem of orphanhood is the propaganda of family values as such. But it should also be understood that the so-called targeted information work is very important, ”said Alexander Spivak, Chairman of the Board of the National Foundation for the Protection of Children from Abuse, to an EastRussia correspondent.
"If we assess the situation with orphans in Primorsky Krai by specific indicators - in terms of a thousand inhabitants, then, of course, it is much better than in other subjects of the Far East, but somewhat worse than the average Russian. True, today there is a hope that, indeed, due to the measures taken in the region, it will improve, becoming even better than that which takes place on average in Russia. And already in the short term - during the 2-4-x years ", - assured the correspondent of EastRussia, the head of the Scientific and Training Laboratory for monitoring the risks of socio-political destabilization of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the National Research University" Higher School of Economics "Andrei Korotaev.
Director of the orphanage № 4 Vladivostok Vasily Zhankov emphasizes that the problem of orphanhood "will never be solved while new children enter their children's homes." "It's clear with adult pupils - they are already aiming at studying in technical schools and institutes. The average age still has chances to go to families, "the expert says. But at this stage, with all measures of support for orphans and host families, it is necessary to work more efficiently with their families. "Any combination of circumstances can encourage the abandonment of children. Interruptions with work, for example. Problems with the device in kindergartens. If there is also one parent, and there are three or four children, then people can drop their hands. We need to identify all such situations at an early stage, "- says Vasily Zhankov.
According to the Internet project of the Department of State Policy for the Protection of Children's Rights of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation usynovite.ru, the number of children left without parental care, detected during the year, is decreasing every year. According to data from 2015, 58 168 children were identified, which is less by 5,6% compared to 2014 year. At the same time, at the beginning of the year the number of children registered with the state data bank on children left without parental care was 71,2 thousand (87,3 thousand in 2015 a year). 2015 59 children were handed over to family forms of the device in 355 year to families of Russian citizens, including 6 649 children for adoption, 52 706 children for custody (guardianship), including 20 707 for paid care (guardianship). Under preliminary care, 2015 21 children were transferred during 427; At the end of 2015, 6 609 children were under preliminary care.