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Free port not understood by customs
The Expert Council in Primorye rejected the draft free customs zone for PTS, proposed by the Federal Customs Service
The free customs zone project proposed by the Federal Customs Service of Russia for the implementation of the Free Port Vladivostok (SPV) regime received a negative opinion of the Public Expert Council (ECO) on economic policy in Primorsky Krai.
At the ECO meeting, which took place 16 December, the draft order of the FCS "On Approving the Order and Technologies of Customs Operations Concerning Goods Imported (Imported) into the Territory of the Free Zone ..." was sharply criticized and regarded as "in need of serious revision".
The rejection (and even resentment) of the members of the ECO, consisting of representatives of the real sector of the regional economy, was caused by the fact that the FCS leadership, no matter how sullen, simply extended the provisions of the free customs zone (the procedure providing the duty-free import / export of goods) to the FTA. Territories of advanced social and economic development (TOSER).
“They simply took their already existing order No. 1526 from 30 July 2015 of the year (on the free customs zone for TASED), and added the phrase“ Free Port Vladivostok ”to all the points where TESED is spoken. Meanwhile, SPV has a number of peculiarities that require detailed registration of the free customs zone regime precisely taking them into account, ”said Denis Sarana, Chairman of the Regional ECO, General Director of DV Invest, in his speech.
In detail, the member of the Council, the director of Davos CJSC Yuri Ryabko, dwelled on these peculiarities in his report: "The fact is that four categories of resident companies of the SPV are registered in the corresponding federal Law. The first ones are those whose activities cover the entire territory of the open ports of Primorye and Vladivostok Airport. The latter are those whose activities cover individual sections of sea ports and airports. Still others - those that operate on land adjacent to the road or railway crossing point of the SPV (logistic areas). Fourth - those that work in the rest of the territory of the WSS, which is neither a port nor a logistic one. This category of residents does not take into account the draft order of the FCS, which proposes a "green" customs control zone, "grounded" by default only to port and logistics residents. "
According to Ryabko, residents of the WSS 4-th Categories in the framework of the proposed FCS rules will face the problems of defining the boundaries of the "resident site", its arrangement and identification of goods (these norms are also not specified in the draft FCS order).
Recall that the Public Expert Council on Economic Policy in the Primorsky Territory is a body created under the governor and has the right to expert appraisal, identify possible risks and make recommendations on investment projects. In the case of SPV, he has similar functions. Based on the recommendations and proposals of the ECO Regional Economic Policy, procedural clarifications and changes will be made to the already adopted and enacted - but, in many respects, framework - Law on SALW. The last word here remains for the Supervisory Board of the SPS, which is chaired by Yury Trutnev, Deputy Prime Minister and Plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation in the Far East. The nearest meeting of the Supervisory Board of the SPS should take place at the end of December of this year or the beginning of January of the next.
For the first residents of SPV, a preferential tax regime has already started to operate, but customs exemptions will take effect no earlier than in October of the 2016 year. By that time, the Federal Customs Service and other state structures should prescribe in detail the regime of the free customs zone.