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Khabarovsk exporters come to the TOP
What does the TORA or free port regime give to exporters?
The priority development of the regions of the Russian Far East is ensured by the creation of a number of instruments that open the way for entrepreneurs and investors. Tax incentives, simplification of customs procedures, attention from the state ... The developed regimes of the territories of advanced development (TOP) and the free port of Vladivostok (SPV), as it turned out, have become very popular among exporters.
According to the Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East, Alexander Galushka, the system of mechanisms and institutions for development is aimed at "expanding the freedom of economic and business activities, increasing profitability and reducing the risks of investing in the macroregion."
Both TORA and the free port of Vladivostok allow businesses to significantly optimize the economic model when working in the Far East. In addition to the widely used benefits for optimizing the income tax and property tax, these regimes have, for example, such benefits as the optimization of social payments to the wage fund. Residents for up to 10 years pay insurance premiums in the amount of 7,6% instead of 30%, which provides significant savings, especially for projects that employ highly qualified and highly paid staff.
According to the Deputy Minister of the Ministry of the East, Alexander Krutikov, “the attractiveness of the territories of priority development is due to three main elements. The first - tax breaks. The second is the availability of infrastructure. The third component is a special system of management of such territories. The basis of this system is a simple principle: the investor is always right. ”
What is interesting, to claim such support, having received the status of a resident of a free port or TOP, companies can be small to large. The minimum "threshold" of investments is 500 thousand rubles. For TOR and 5 million rubles. For a free port. At the same time, it is possible to declare a preferential regime for new companies starting a business from scratch, or for existing enterprises investing in technological modernization or expansion of production. Practice shows that small and medium-sized businesses are really starting to enjoy benefits: among active residents there are companies that employ only 10-15 people.
Khabarovsk Territory is a region with the most developed industrial production among the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District (DFO). It would seem that this should automatically make the main export item high-tech products. However, statistics show that the bulk of exports of the Khabarovsk Territory is still associated with its natural resources: products of forest and fish processing, fuel and precious metals. The quality of exports from the region from year to year nevertheless grows: if in 2013, raw materials accounted for 45%, then in 2016, only 35%.
According to customs statistics, over the past four years, Khabarovsk Krai exports quarterly products for 250-400 million dollars. The exception was the last quarter of last year, when the volume of exports rose to a record 670 million. But this jump prevented the region from transferring 1% Volumes of all-Russian exports.
According to the results of 2013, the export of the Khabarovsk Territory amounted to 1,51 billion dollars - 0,3% of the total amount of 525,98 billion dollars for the whole of Russia. According to the results of 2014, 1,44 billion, the same 0,3% of 497,36 billion dollars. In 2015, when Russian exports are expected to "sink", the edge was able to improve its performance to 0,33% - 1,15 billion from 343,54 billion dollars. Exports from Russia amounted to 285,49 billion dollars. The share of Khabarovsk Territory in the total amount - 1,55 billion, or 0,54%.
Simultaneously with the growth in the value of exports, its structure has improved. In 2013, 44,5% of exports from Khabarovsk Krai accounted for commodities, 19% - for non-primary energy exports, 36,5% - for non-primary exports, not related to energy. The shares of the first and second gradually decreased. As a result, by the end of 2016, the region came from 60% of non-primary non-energy exports (930 million), 5,2% of non-primary energy exports (80 million) and 34,8% of commodity exports (540 million).
In the Khabarovsk Territory, since the Soviet times large enterprises have been producing machine-building products: military and civil aircraft and ships, metallurgical products, equipment, including electronic and optical. As of the end of 2016, the share of the industrial complex of the region in the total volume of shipped products is more than 29%, the machine building and metallurgical complexes (85% and 12%, respectively) hold the largest share.
That is why the main supplier of export industrial products - the military-industrial complex of the Khabarovsk Territory (60% of industrial products shipped by region falls on it). Export contracts are performed by the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aviation Plant and a branch of Sukhoi Civil Aircraft (both are part of the Sukhoi Concern). Products of PJSC “Dalenergomash”, OJSC “Amurmetal” are delivered to foreign markets. The exporters are also Amur ammunition plant "Vympel", Amur and Khabarovsk shipyards.
In the field of wood processing, several companies export both roundwood and lumber, veneer and pellets. Export products of a high degree of processing, which is considered the hallmark of the Far Eastern taiga and is highly valued in foreign markets, is fir oil.
The fish industry of the Khabarovsk Territory also delivers to the markets of the APR countries a variety of products - from caviar pollock and salmon and fodder flour to raw fish and crab.
Chemical-pharmaceutical plant "Dalkharmharm" - the only manufacturer of finished medicines in the Far East, one of the largest and oldest enterprises. “Dalkhimpharm” produces more than 200 drug names and has a long-term practice of export supplies to the CIS countries, Mongolia, Japan and the USA. In particular, the unique extract of Eleutherococcus produced by the Dalkhimparm plant is a success in foreign markets.
Another exporter of drugs - LLC "Reader". The company specializes in the production of essential oils, florentine water, is engaged in the collection and procurement of medicinal plant materials from plants growing in the Far Eastern region.
In the construction complex of the Khabarovsk Territory, the production of non-combustible heat-insulating materials is focused on export - they are produced by several large enterprises. Also, construction piles made at the factories of the region are in demand abroad: wide-blade for thawed soils and narrow-blade for permafrost.
The light industry of the Khabarovsk Territory can also be proud of export products. The company Pauline - a major Russian manufacturer of wedding and evening dresses, children's clothing, founded in 2000 year. Pauline dresses are presented in salons more than 50 cities in Russia, as well as in Ukraine, Belarus and Germany.