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Developing energy, developing the Far East
For a long time, the Far East energy complex, which was not renewed, received a solid impetus in 2012 year
It was then that the decision of President Vladimir Putin to allocate state money for the construction of four new power plants in the region. Today, these construction projects are already at the finish line, and the stable operation of new stations depends not only on the supply of the existing energy system, but also on the energy for growth - meeting the needs of investors who only come to the region.
The energy complex of the Russian Far East is a very complex organism: only part of the territory is integrated into a single system. Kamchatka, Magadan region, Chutoka, Central and Western Yakutia, Sakhalin - all these are separate autonomous power systems. Because of this circumstance, the cost of electricity in the region is quite high, higher than in the European part of the country. The power capacities of the Far East have practically not been updated for more than 30 years. The more timely and more necessary for the region is the soonest completion of the "presidential" energy projects - new power plants being built with the money of the federal budget. The implementation of projects was entrusted to PJSC RusHydro and its subsidiary PJSC RAO ES Vostoka - a single center of responsibility for regional energy. Each of the four stations will create conditions for the development of specific directions in the corresponding territory.
The first stage of the program was the second stage of the Blagoveshchenskaya CHP - this construction has been completed by today, the equipment is included in the technological cycle. The need to expand the station here was dictated by the urgent need - the capital of the Amur region for many years literally choked with a heat deficit so serious that it was simply not a question of connecting new consumers. Now the heat will also come to residential complexes, which already today "boxes" rise above the city, and to greenhouse farms of local farmers who are ready to supply vegetables to the Amur region with vegetables, and many others. The effect of power increase will be noticeable in the near future.
At the finish line goes the construction of the station in Yakutia. Today, Yakutsk is the fastest growing city in the Far East. This is a unique construction - it is being conducted on permafrost. With the end of construction of the station, new capacities for the production of electricity and heat will appear in the city, which will fully satisfy the growth of the capital of Yakutia. New residential areas will receive heat, and electricity will be directed to the needs of new enterprises, including the needs of the Industrial Park Kangalassy.
Perhaps the most closely connected with regional development projects will be the CHPP in the city of Sovetskaya Gavan, Khabarovsk Territory. Here, a transport and logistics cluster is formed and a port special economic zone operates; In the neighboring Vanino, the Free Port mode is introduced. At the same time, the operating station - Mayskaya GRES - was built almost 100 (!) Years ago. The new station will provide energy for the diversified port and ship repair center, container and coal terminals, develop processing of fish and seafood, as well as meet other requests of residents of the Free Port. Equally important is the advantage for local residents: if now the centralized hot water supply in the city is only from October to May, during the heating season, then after entering the CHP, hot water in the tap will not disappear all year round.
Particularly in demand and a new station on Sakhalin. The mining and processing industry is actively developing on the island, therefore there is a reliable reserve of electric power, the more effective the GRES has almost exhausted its resource. For the island with its devastating cyclones, which have long been the main "headache" of networkers, it is also important that the new station will be located at the intersection of backbone transmission lines. This will significantly improve the reliability of the electric grid infrastructure throughout the region.
Of course, the energy sector could not ignore Vladivostok - one of the largest cities in the Far East, the capital of the Primorsky Territory. The capital of Primorye has long been considered a “bottleneck” in terms of electricity supply: the largest facilities are located in the north of the region, and the main consumers in the south. Moreover, economic growth points are being actively created around Vladivostok: the whole south of Primorye has been declared the Freeport zone, and in the immediate vicinity of the city three forward-looking development territories are formed at once —TOR Nadezhdinskaya, TOR Mikhailovsky and TORG Bolshoy Kamen. To meet the growing needs in the city, a new thermal power plant “Vostochnaya” is being built, which PJSC RAO ES of the East builds itself with its own and credit funds. The project is unique in its own way - lenders, including the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, have set strict conditions: the power facility must meet the most stringent environmental requirements. As a result, Vladivostok will receive one of the most modern and safest power plants in the country.