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RES is no longer an end in itself
Second International Conference "Renewable Energy in Isolated Systems of the Far East of Russia" was Completed in Yakutsk
More than 250 representatives from different regions of Russia and a number of foreign countries came to Yakutsk to share experience in implementing renewable energy projects, discuss problems and develop joint solutions. The two-day event was attended not only by domestic energy leaders, but also by a number of foreign specialists: IFC Program Manager for the Development of Renewable Energy in Russia Patrick Willems, Director of Engineering Solutions Northern Power Systems Alan Axworthy, Senior Sales Manager for Eastern Europe SMA Jan Stottko, Director for International Projects Ekwadraat BV Mark van Seventer, Director of Renewable Energy Sources KOMAIHALTEC Inc. Emi Komai. At the conference, even foreign colleagues noted that Russia has achieved significant results in the field of renewable energy for a year and can serve as an example for other countries.
Sergey Tolstoguzov, General Director of JSC "RAO Energy Systems of the East" stressed that "if a few years ago, renewable energy was exotic, which provided opportunities for growth, it was really an interesting professional shift in the energy sector, but today it is an economically viable interesting project."
“At the same time, it should be noted that we all stand on the threshold of major serious projects within the framework of renewable energy, our main task is to build up typical technological solutions, how we will apply them, technologically join together - diesel, sun, wind, energy storage ", - he said.
According to S.Tolstoguzov, another major problem is "ensuring the return of investments, the adoption of those or decisions that would allow for the return of investments while maintaining balance sheet decisions and at the same time lead to a reduction in tariff growth and, perhaps, to a decrease in tariffs. This is a serious layer of work, which will have to work on. " He particularly noted that small, timid steps in this direction have been made.
Aleksey Kaplun, Deputy General Director for Strategy and Investments of JSC "RAO Energy Systems of the East", spoke about the features of renewable energy projects in the decentralized regions of the Far Eastern Federal District.
"What is specific? The relatively small capacity of each individual system - from 50 kW to 12 MW and low power system loads - from 15 KW to 6 MW. As soon as we plan to supply more or less serious capacity of renewable energy - for example, about 20% of the total load of the power system, we already have a problem with ensuring the reliability of the power system and its interface with the main energy source, "he said.
Another important feature of Russia is the natural and climatic conditions on which the installation of renewable energy systems also depends. Such systems should be launched not only in the regions at -60 (in Yakutia), but also in the warm south of Primorye, in Kamchatka with its winds, and also in Sakhalin. All territories are diverse, but in all there is a certain potential for renewable energy.
"The talk of the town", according to A. Kaplun, is logistics. "We are carrying diesel fuel 2-2,5 year. As a matter of fact, we will conduct the equipment to these places from year to year, and with re-packing, "he said. That is why the Russian energy sector should understand that they have a limited construction period.
"We have settlements where you can physically get three days a year. All these are the main distinctive features. At the same time, it is the high cost of diesel fuel, the rather serious deterioration of equipment and the availability of natural potential that make our products economically recoupable by saving on resources, "A. Kaplun confessed.
"As for the technologies: we decided that we need polycrystalline modules in the sun, as far as inverters are concerned - we need transformerless inverters with MPRT technology, and lead-acid gel batteries are also technologies that we will develop here in the Far East. As for the power of windmills, it should be small windmills that can be transported, "A. Kaplun said. In total, according to him, developed the order of 176 projects, in which it is necessary to invest a minimum of 11 billion rubles of investment.
"As soon as we systematically and massively begin to develop RES, it will take work and service centers and production centers, logistics, we will find our official suppliers. Then it will be a system. The general system for the implementation of renewable energy projects in the Far East, "A. Kaplun shared.
Egor Grinkevich, Deputy Director of the Department for the Development of the Electric Power Industry of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, spoke about the state policy of interest to all of the isolated energy systems. He said that the Ministry of Energy approved the order on the procedure and procedure for compensation of the cost of technological connection. This order provides for up to 50% compensation for the cost of technological connection of renewable energy facilities, within 30 million rubles for each facility. This order was approved last year and this year may be included in the work.
Speaking about the new generation power systems, Mikhail Kozlov, Director for Innovation and Renewable Energy of JSC RusHydro, said that "we do not have the task of making energy systems from 100% of renewable energy sources, we have the task of making them with the optimal ratio of traditional sources of energy and RES." He also stressed the role of domestic developments, which are developed taking into account the Russian conditions.
The opinions of key experts on RES projects in isolated systems (Kamchatka, Primorsky Krai), on infrastructure development, and on breakthrough solutions in the field of renewable energy, can be found on the EastRussia.ru portal in the section "Opinions".