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The Yakut phenomenon: the goby left the warm barn to spend the winter in the forest: scientists of the M.Safronov Research Institute of Agriculture from Yakutsk became interested in frost-resistant cattle - EastRussia |






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The Yakut phenomenon: the goby left the warm barn to winter in the forest

Frost-resistant cattle were interested in scientists of the Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture. M.G. Safronova from Yakutsk

The Yakut phenomenon: the goby left the warm barn to winter in the forest
Photo: Stepan Ignatyev
Making him pose was almost as difficult as a wild elk - a hermit steer avoids people. Do not be afraid only of the owners, and even then - under the mood. The house of Dyakonov's pensioners stands on the edge of the village of Tulun, which is about 10 miles from Yakutsk, their "prodigal son" settled nearby on the edge of the forest. In the Ust-Aldan ulus, snow fell already, frosts at night to -NNUMX degrees. Large and small cattle villagers were driven into the khotons (cowsheds - note EastRussia) a month ago.


"This bull is unique! The version that he has something wrong with his head, disappears. He is not only normal, I would say, he's even too smart. To autochthonous Yakut breeds of cows and horses that winter on the street and give fatty milk, it does not apply - those Mohnatenkie, short-legged, and this bull is large, sturdy. However, because of the wintering on the street, he also grew and became shaggy. Most likely, he is Simmental breed, although our cattle-breeding employees looked that it is more like the Hereford, and this is generally an English breed of cows. The riddle. No vaccinations, as should be done to animals, they did not do it from birth - they could not catch up, - told EastRussia Hope Storozheva, Senior Researcher FGBNU YANIISH. About the animal with unusual behavior Hope learned a year ago - in Tulun live relatives of her husband - and has since been monitoring his fate.

The cold-resistant goby was born in January of the year 2016, and last winter for the first time went against the system. He refused to go to the cowshed, but continued every day to see his mother and suck the milk. Even in winter it is customary to send Tulunin cows to the lake for watering, where they met. It is suggested that prolonged breastfeeding helped the fugitive to earn strong immunity and winter.

"No cow winters in central Yakutia on the street, we'll spill water - and the ice becomes!" Frosts are fierce, in the middle of winter we will have up to -NNUMX degrees, colder than in Yakutsk. Last winter, the excitement rose, many in the village tried to catch this bull. In the end, they just wanted to shoot, and fired, but apparently did not hit. I called scientists, workers of the zoo Orto Dojdu, went to the chapter, post it in the Instagram. Because we see him from afar, but every day, he is already a tourist attraction, he has become a native, and it's a pity! Let him live. We want to conduct scientific work and the Ministry of Agriculture has paid attention to the increase of this breed, "- the inhabitant of Tulun has shared.


About the owner of a cloven-hoofed uncle - Michael Dyakonov - in the village they say: "Kokh ot tostu үctaebat, dyadar yanaҕy turoburbat kiһi". A free translation into Russian: "He walks so cautiously that the green grass will not take, not make the cow out of the way get out of the way, which has settled down there, but it's better to bypass it." But because of financial difficulties this season, the Dyakonovs again wanted to send the grown bull to the face, but the scientists and the head of Tulun Innokentiy Troev intervened:

"The owners of this bull are pensioners, they are limited in means, therefore they decided to score it for meat. But not as all cows are killed, but as wild on the hunt, because try to catch it. The deacon has dissuaded, our administration will help, will give feeds for 12 thousand. The village is small, 614 people, almost 900 head of cattle, everything and everything is in sight.

I saw this bull not just once, he is still running through the forest, sleeping there. He was given the nickname Mayaattá (the Yakut letter "ҕ" is read as the middle between "г" and "х"), in honor of the hero of the Yakut land of Mayaҕatta Bert Hara. Apparently, because also with the character. In our Ust-Aldan ulus there is a big monument to this hero, you can come and see for yourself. "

The four-meter sculpture of Mayaatta Bert Hara on the concrete pedestal meets the inhabitants of the village Syyrdaah of the Berte heritage, also named after the Yakut hero. According to the legends, Mayaҕatta was a real man, who lived here 5 centuries ago. He was a hunter and fisherman, possessed incredible strength and courage (according to legends, easily lifted by 100 kg.), But was poor. Killed during the fight with the Tungus.

Photo Shoot: My Planet Club

On Yakut online forums about the bull, tearing patterns, lively argue. Some believe that Mayaҕatta - is a cross between a cow and a Yakut horse (scientists from the Agricultural Research Institute of Yakutsk called it absurd). Others propose to introduce a strict in the Guinness Book of Records and create a personal page in the Instagram.

The truth about the runaway bull will open when the ice rises. Now there is no message from Tulun, the winter road across the Lena River will open in early December. Then a commission from Yakutsk, director of the Institute of Agriculture and specialists of the cattle stock breeding laboratory will leave here. Scientists will look for strong men in the village to help lend a valuable specimen. Biochemical analyzes to make a complete picture will also be taken from Dad Mayҕatta, his mom and sisters.

"During the Soviet era, many experiments were conducted, even zibu cattle were crossed with kholmogors, with simmentals. These two breeds were zoned - kholmogory and simmental. At one time the forest bison was even crossed with a simmental to be frost-resistant, there are such experiments. And now began to deliver Kalmyk beef cattle, Altaic, many who are imported. I think that this goby is a simmental, but there is an infusion of blood of Yakut cattle, anything can be.

We will take biochemistry, blood and wool samples for analysis and look at genetic identification. This may be of practical importance for the livestock of Yakutia and generally cold regions. Keeping livestock in hoton is an expensive event, because of this we have a high cost of livestock. 220-240 days wintering lasts, it is about 8 months, it is a lot of energy. There are areas of Yakutia, where early snow falls, and in September they are forced to drive cattle ", - shared the director of the FGBIU YANIISH them. M.G. Safronova Aial Stepanov.


In the forest, a single ox can be threatened by wolves. But MayaҕAtta, although he preferred independence, wisely keeps close to housing. And the owners, despite the repeated protest action, still continue to feed him, folding hay from the hoton. Sometimes a hermit comes to sleep in the hayloft on the street. And the other day the bull steamed for the first time into the cowshed, when he thought that no one could see it. But to go and did not dare.

From the history of the Yakut cattle breeding culture in the harsh conditions of the Far North.
Archive photo:

Sakha-merchant in the annexed from Yakutia Okhotsk.

Kayur Pavlov on the working bull, p / s Omoloy, summer 1935, Bulunsky ulus. From the archive of V. Glukhov.