This text is translated into Russian by google automatic human level neural machine.
EastRussia is not responsible for any mistakes in the translated text. Sorry for the inconvinience.
Please refer to the text in Russian as a source.
Salary rebus DFO
Are earnings in the Far East so high, as statistics show
For several years now, the level of salaries of residents of the Far East has significantly exceeded the general indicator for the country. According to Rosstat, Magadan Oblast and Chukotka are even ahead of Moscow in terms of salary indicators. But, are the numbers at odds with reality, and are the inhabitants of the macroregion really enviable prosperity?
Hospital average temperature
The Far East is a macro-region, very rich in natural resources. Workers involved in mining, industrial fishing and crab fishing, logistics, have the highest salaries in the Far East. Also, do not forget about the northern allowances, which make the salaries of residents of cold regions more solid.
The most impressive salaries in 2019 were the Magadan Region - 101 rubles, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug - 622 rubles. Lower in the top ten regions with high salaries are other regions of the Far Eastern Federal District: Sakhalin, Kamchatka, Yakutia - on average, residents of these entities earn about 96 thousand rubles. Moreover, in the whole country, the average salary is 930 70 rubles. However, not everyone can boast of large earnings in the Far East, so the news about the high salaries of many residents of the Far Eastern Federal District is perplexing.
“I work as a cook in one of the network coffee shops in Yakutsk, they pay 35 thousand rubles. For our city, this is a normal salary. The republic has a lot of offers on a rotational basis, you can go to a gold mining enterprise, for example, to Aldan and get there, about 100 thousand rubles, but that doesn’t suit me. I have a family in Yakutsk and I don’t want to be separated from my relatives, ”said cook Evgeny Byrkanov, IP Reshetnyak.
The calculation of the average salary per capita is calculated on the basis of data on the level of subsistence of workers of different levels: manager (director, top managers, superiors) and worker (ordinary ordinary employees). So, for example, with an increase in the salary of managers at different levels and while maintaining the salary of ordinary employees, statistics show an increase in salary as a whole. Therefore, to display a more accurate picture, it is necessary to take into account the modal value (found most often), and not the average value. As of November 2018, modal wages in Russia amounted to approximately 25 thousand rubles.
Four subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District, according to RIA Novosti, were in the top regions, where every fifth resident earns more than 100 thousand rubles a month. In Chukotka, the leader in this list, 32,1% of the population have a salary of more than 100 thousand rubles. At the same time, the most common salary level there fluctuates in the region - 49-132 thousand rubles. But on Sakhalin, which ranks sixth and has an indicator of 20,9%, the level of the most popular salaries is more modest than 33-87 thousand rubles. Moreover, the share of residents with a salary below 15 thousand rubles per month in all eight regions that made it into the top 10 ranges from 0,3 to 1,7%.
“Despite the fact that the salaries in the north of the Far East are the largest in the country, due to the lack of normal medicine, huge food prices compared to other settlements, the lack of air connections with major Russian cities and the capital in particular, the standard of living remains low. Young people strive to move to more prosperous regions. If the average salary is 50 thousand rubles, then a ticket to Moscow and back in the autumn-summer period costs more than 100 thousand rubles, ”said Regina Moreva, tourism manager from Vladivostok.
Do not forget that, as a rule, the one who earns a lot of money also spends quite a lot. The cost of living in the northern territories is higher than, for example, in the European part of the country. Prices for some product groups, services are much higher.
“Judging by how high the level of population outflow from the Far East to the central regions of Russia, people still remain dissatisfied with the quality of life in the macroregion. Even take the situation with discounted tickets. Their number is so small that everyone cannot buy them, despite the fact that these tickets are written in line for several months in advance. The Far East earn, but you can’t spend this money, because the infrastructure is not developed, ”said Nikita Maslennikov, head of the Finance and Economics department at INSOR.
Everything is relative
As for the highest paid professions in the Far East, according to the Head Hunter recruitment agency, the leaders are top management, workers in the areas of raw materials extraction, construction, IT and procurement. Salaries in these areas can vary from 10 to 300 thousand per month.
“The highest paid industries in Primorye are oil and gas, fishing, IT. The salary there is higher even for office staff.
IT specialists are still at the top, simple programmers and developers make money as directors of trading companies, ”said Diana Krovlina, Executive Director of the Far Eastern Consulting Agency.
According to her, there are many positions. On average, in these areas, workers receive 15-20% higher than the market. In other regions, salaries are lower.
“We have small salaries in Buryatia, people live quite poorly. I teach math in a regular school, I earn about 22-24 thousand rubles a month. I have to work in two shifts, and the work is not easy, so I’m thinking of leaving for a commercial organization, ”said Maxim Protasov, a teacher from Ulan-Ude.
A significant salary difference in the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District is also confirmed by statistics. The average monthly income of Primorsky Krai residents working in organizations with individual entrepreneurs and individuals, according to Rosstat, for the first half of 2019 amounted to 38 rubles. In Kamchatka, this figure is 216 65 rubles, and in Magadan - 177 75 rubles. On average, in the macroregion, it is 960 rubles. For comparison, in the North Caucasus Federal District, income is 46 rubles.
“For two years now, I have been receiving patients at a medical center in one of the military units of Khabarovsk. Now I earn 54 thousand rubles a month, but the allowance increases depending on the length of service. Salary indexation takes place annually. My colleagues in commercial and state clinics earn much more than me, they are paid about 80-110 thousand rubles a month. However, I have various advantages at work, such as free travel across Russia during vacation and retirement only 13,5 years after the start of military service, ”said the doctor of the military unit Nadezhda Shchetkina.
As for individual specialties, the situation with salaries varies not only in the capitals of the regions, but also in the municipalities.
“If we talk about Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, then specialists earn an average of 45-50 thousand rubles, when it comes to doctors and teachers, then about 65 thousand rubles, although on average for the summer of 2019 salaries in the region indicated 88 thousand rubles . It is in the regional capital that the level of wages is high, and on the outskirts it is much lower when it comes to commerce, ”said Elena Kim, sales manager from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
From one extreme to another
Based on the data of the popular job site in the Far East Farpost.ru, you can make sure that a security guard in the village of Tavrichanka can earn an average of 18 thousand to 40 thousand rubles, in Vladivostok - from 14 thousand to 65 thousand rubles, and in Nakhodka - from 12 thousand to 60 thousand rubles. A cook in Bolshoi Kamen can count on a salary from 20 thousand to 60 thousand rubles, in Vladivostok - from 25 thousand to 100 thousand rubles, and in Dalnegorsk - from 25 thousand to 60 thousand rubles.
In Magadan, the seller is promised a salary from 25 thousand to 75 thousand rubles, to the storekeeper - from 25 thousand to 60 thousand rubles, and to the merchandiser - from 25 thousand to 46 thousand rubles. At the same time, very few open vacancies are presented in the region. According to statistics, the average monthly salary level at large and medium-sized enterprises and non-profit organizations in Magadan for 2018 is 88 rubles, while in the Olsky district this figure is 663 rubles. The highest household incomes for this indicator in the Omsukchan district are 61 rubles.
An accountant in Kamchatka earns from 30 thousand to 80 thousand rubles, an engineer - from 18 thousand to 60 thousand rubles, a doctor - 40-120 thousand rubles.
Librarian Tatyana Stepanova from the small Kamchatka city of Yelizovo does not consider herself to be residents of the region with high incomes and does not understand where the statistics on sky-high salaries of the Far East come from.
“My salary is 25 thousand rubles. This money is barely enough for a living. Of course, in our city there are those who earn much more, as a rule, these people are employed in the fishing sector. But after all, state employees should not forget about us. I feel uneasy when I read in the newspapers about how the inhabitants of Kamchatka fatten. However, these are by no means the majority, ”said Tatyana Stepanova.
According to the Federal State Statistics Service, the average salary of educators in the Far Eastern Federal District is 43 rubles. Teachers earn the most money on Sakhalin - 233, the least in the Trans-Baikal Territory - 72 rubles. But in the field of mining, the average salary is 053 29 rubles. The leaders again are Sakhalin - 655 rubles.
“The situation with the difference in the salary offer is due to a complex of factors: territory, level of development in the region, number of jobs and living standards in general. Also, the salary offer depends on the scope of the employer and the professional level of the required specialist, ”said Ksenia Averina, Director of the HeadHunter Far Eastern Federal District.