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"Golden hands" just do not grow so
Position ASI: competitions of young professionals and children's technoparks are designed to stimulate the growth of human resources in Primorye and the Far East in general
The development of the economy in Primorsky Krai is seriously hampered by the lack of demand by the local industrial business of those personnel that are supplied by regional vocational education institutions. Why? The participants of the “round table” that took place on March 31 in Vladivostok on the initiative of the Far Eastern Representation of the Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI) tried to answer this question.
WorldSkillsRussia standards (WorldSkills is an international non-profit movement aimed at enhancing the prestige of working professions and developing vocational education by holding relevant championships in countries and regions where young professionals from different industries compete in professional skills).
Why seaside business is cold to WorldSkills?
“Far Eastern WorldSkills will be held in Khabarovsk from 21 to 24 in April. A total of at least 500 people will participate. More than two hundred students at technical colleges and vocational schools will demonstrate their skills in 42 competencies. And with the help of a round table in Vladivostok - bringing together representatives of business, government and educational institutions - we want to maximally announce this championship, to attract the attention of Primorye businessmen to it. So they go and see what kind of golden hands and bright heads could work for them.
Alas, with the exception of a few large industrial enterprises of the region, others, smaller ones, are not active customers of the personnel graduated from our system of professional education. Meanwhile, among these guys there are real virtouzi of the business. For example, welders (Primorye traditionally strongly welding school). And when representatives of foreign companies see their level of excellence - on the same WorldSkills championships - they tear off their arms and legs to work in international corporations of world renown, ”she noted just before the start of the round table in an interview with the correspondent. ER Olga Kurilova, Head of ASI Representative Office in the Far Eastern Federal District.
The discussion itself resulted in a very lively discussion, during which several interesting and very useful theses (from the point of view of recommendations to the regional leadership and business) were heard.
Thus, according to the deputy director of the Primorsky Territory Education and Science Department, Ekaterina Chernivtskaya, taking part in the WorldSkills contests is very expensive for the regional budget (despite the fact that Primorye authorities support these championships and recognize their need both at the federal and regional levels).
“But in our region there is such a situation that, as a rule, all costs (and they are very big) associated with the equipment of competitive places and so on - are borne by the region, and not companies that seem to be the most interested party.
The region, represented by our department, invests in the creation of training and certification centers, centers for advanced training, thorough training of WorldSkills participants and other professional competitions. But a number of enterprises often refuse young specialists graduated from our professional education institutions. Say, your young people come out with a third degree diploma, and we need specialists of the fifth and sixth. Or: they, they say, are not ready to work on our modern equipment, etc., ”complained Yekaterina Chernovitskaya.
In response, some business representatives argued in the spirit that they have an internal corporate training system that has been debugged for years and it would be unreasonable to change it to a state system.
And the director of the Ekolos group of companies (production of sewage treatment plants), Alexey Burdyuk, argued that it was not profitable to place production in Primorye: “Energy, transport, production costs are on average 20% higher here than in central Russia. That's why production personnel is not particularly in demand here. The entire local economy is focused mainly on trade. ”
Evgeny Makarov, Deputy Managing Director of the Arsenyev Aircraft Manufacturing Company Progress, presented a positive example of the optimal combination of corporate and state system for the training of technical personnel: “We have a branch of the Far Eastern Federal University in the city, with the Aviation College. And on this basis we are preparing both engineering specialists for our company and mid-level specialists. Plus, within the enterprise itself, a training center and an institute such as mentoring successfully work when experienced masters pass on their skills to students ... ”.
From techno toys to techno-discoveries
Another lively topic for discussion was the ASI initiative, such as the “New model of additional education for children” (the goal is to involve as many children as possible in engineering and research activities so that, as adults, they link their professional future with it). The model has already begun to be implemented in a number of subjects of the Russian Federation - in particular, in the Khabarovsk Territory - in the form of so-called children's technology parks. In some ways, they are counterparts of Children's Art Centers or Pioneer Houses during Soviet times, but the emphasis is on the technical component. In such technology centers, a schoolchild can receive (at the expense of the state and interested enterprises) additional education in such areas as: cyberphysics, auto-, cosmo-, aero-modeling, neuro-, biotechnology, programming, etc.
Olga Kurilova and Ekaterina Chernovitskaya, in the framework of the “round table”, called for the earliest possible introduction of this practice in Primorye.
Dmitri Alekseev, the general director of the network of digital DNS stores (partly, with his holding company the Children's Center for Robotics Development has been operating for more than two years) partially objected to them. He admitted that he did not like the name of the "technopark". And he would prefer that these were schools of interest, not only technically oriented, but also other: ballet, musical, artistic, economic, etc. In addition, Alekseev does not yet see how the technoparks could have removed the problem of leaving the land of talented and engineer-educated youth. Rather, on the contrary.
And Elena Novikova, the director of the NOU "Asia-Pacific School", as a whole, questioned the need to push the child into the framework of some specialization from an early age. In her opinion, in childhood it is necessary to lay the foundations of humanitarian education in it, the ability to build social ties. And all professional will follow at an older age.
Profession: there is where to grow ...
Despite quite understandable disagreements, the participants in the discussion came to the general conclusion that such an aspect as industrial and technical education plays an extremely important role at the present stage of Russia's development. And Primorye has a lot to grow in this regard. So, last year the regional share of graduates in industrial production, agriculture, construction, transport and communications from the total number of employed in these sectors turned out to be one of the lowest in the country - only 1,64%.
At the same time, the regional policy in the sphere of vocational education is built on the basis of the "Strategy for the socio-economic development of Primorsky Krai to the year of 2020" and provides for the creation of innovative clusters in the agrarian sector, engineering and shipbuilding, petrochemistry, and energy. The cluster approach in vocational education in Primorye is implemented within the framework of the agreements on social partnership.
Thus, a very effective cooperation with the enterprises of the Far Eastern Shipbuilding and Shiprepairing Center (a subsidiary holding of the United Shipbuilding Corporation) has been established. In vocational guidance work, the enterprise is at the forefront, - Ekaterina Chernovitskaya stresses, - for which the Far Eastern Shipbuilding College trains working cadres and middle-level specialists. Schoolchildren and their families are provided with complete information on the possibility of obtaining a demanded education with the support of the employer and subsequent employment with the enterprise.
The same practice of interaction between colleges has developed with the network of energy companies, with the "Post of Russia", the Pacific Bridge-Building Company, the Primsncontract and the enterprises of Rosneft.
In addition, there are a large multi-level college in the region (it trains qualified workers and middle-level specialists), as well as an autonomous energy college with two levels of personnel training. Both are equipped with the most modern training equipment and practice bases.
In total, in the regional vocational education system at the beginning of 2016, there are 30 institutions, of which 26 is of a technical direction. About 40 of thousands of young people study there.