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EastRussia Bulletin: Initiatives in the fishing industry caused a reaction of rejection in the Far Eastern regions - EastRussia | Far East

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EastRussia Bulletin: Initiatives in the fishing industry caused a reaction of rejection in the Far Eastern regions

EastRussia Bulletin: Initiatives in the fishing industry caused a reaction of rejection in the Far Eastern regions
Photo: EastRussia
A number of initiatives in the fishing industry provoked a strong negative reaction from the fishing community and authorities of several regions - Sakhalin, Kamchatka and Primorye, the latest issue of the EastRussia bulletin says.

The government, represented by the Ministry of Agriculture, plans to increase collection rates for the use of marine bioresources for such popular fish species as Navaga and flounder hundreds of times. For navaga and flounder, for example, fees will increase from 10 rub. up to 2,1 thousand rubles. for the catch of 1 tons. This can bring these fish varieties from the group of super-available to the category of delicacies.

In addition, earlier head of Rosrybolovstva I. Shestakov criticized the initiative to issue permission to the Far East for the daily harvest of three pink salmon during salmon season. The idea of ​​the "three tails" belongs to the Sakhalin government and is that a resident of the region can, during the Gorbushovoy Way, catch no more than three salmons every day for free - for food. The indignation of the Sakhalin fishermen was also caused by an attempt to raise the collection rates for catching common fish species. The protest was joined by fishermen from other regions - representatives of the Union of Fish Producers and Entrepreneurs of Kamchatka, headed by E. Kabanov and the Association of Fishery Enterprises of Primorye, headed by G. Martynov.

In turn, Rosrybolovstvo does not agree with the fishermen, since in its opinion the measure proposed by the agency is aimed at creating fair "rules of the game" for fishermen and increasing the availability of fish products on the Russian market. According to the developed amendments to the Tax Code, for a number of objects rates are rising at times. In case of adoption, the law will come into force on 1 January 2019, assuming a transitional period: from 1 January 2020 to 1 January 2022, 50% of the standard rate will be used for calculations, 1% from 2022 January 100. At the same time, special conditions are assumed for town and village-forming organizations, which are offered a rate of collection in 15% normative. As under the current legislation, the list of such organizations will be approved by the government. However, a set of criteria is changing. For example, there is a new requirement - the location in the village at the place of state registration and the absence of branches and isolated units outside the relevant municipal formation. The requirement for the number of employees is changing. But most importantly, according to the idea of ​​the authors of the amendments, the organization will have to conclude an agreement with the administration of the municipal formation on the social and economic development of the native settlement. Such a document may include, among other things, payments for the appropriate purposes.

These amendments caused criticism from the fishing community. It notes that the draft amendment to the Tax Code developed by the Ministry of Agriculture proposes to radically change the procedure for recognizing organizations as town or village, as it is expected to significantly reduce the number of such enterprises by excluding organizations that are not located at the place of registration or having branches and separate units outside the municipality , in which they are registered. According to the head of the WWAP, G. Zverev, the boundaries of municipalities, established dozens of years ago, should not limit the socio-economic development of the territories. A similar situation is observed in the Sakhalin Oblast, where the presence of branches is conditioned by a real need. So, there are three municipalities in the Kuril Islands, while fishing organizations can be located on different islands. Moreover, often such enterprises are the only economic entities in the locality. The exclusion of such enterprises from the list of towns and villages may lead to a deterioration in the rates of their development. Among the proposed changes, there is also an obligatory agreement on social and economic development with the administration. This requirement, in the opinion of fishermen, creates the risk of pressure on enterprises by local administrations.

A detailed analysis of this and other relevant topics can be found in the weekly bulletin EastRussia (https://www.eastrussia.ru/subscribe/).