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EastRussia Bulletin: The priority of DFO development will be the increase of transport accessibility - EastRussia | Far East

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EastRussia Bulletin: The priority of DFO development will be the increase of transport accessibility

EastRussia Bulletin: The priority of DFO development will be the increase of transport accessibility
Photo: EastRussia
In the conditions of the active stage of the presidential election campaign, the support of the federal authorities for the priority development of the Far East was expressed, the EastRussia bulletin says. Approval received previously launched mechanisms for the development of the macroregion, during the President's message to the Federal Assembly, key vectors for the further development of the Far East were identified - ensuring transport accessibility and a decent standard of living for the population.

Once again, during a message to the Federal Assembly, Vladimir Putin confirmed that the economic and social development of the Far East continues to be a trend of Russian state policy: an active policy of attracting investments will continue, and centers for economic growth in the macroregion will continue. The approval of the current policy for the development of the Far East is taking place against the background of the presidential election campaign in the macroregion. As is known, in the territory of the Far Eastern Federal District the president's rating is relatively low. Therefore, Vladimir Putin is all the more interested in an active electoral campaign and attracting the DFO people to his side.

Within the framework of the message to the Federal Assembly, emphasis was placed on the development of transport projects and improving the living standards of the Far East. In the transport sector, the Northern Sea Route (NSR) has become key, which should become a competitive transport corridor, "the key to the development of the Russian Arctic, regions of the Far East", as the shortest sea route between the European part of Russia and the Far East. It is expected that by 2024, the cargo flow through the NSR will increase to 80 million tons (2017 million tons in 10,7 year, 2016 million tons in 7,5).

The main direction of SMP development is related to ensuring the export of mineral raw materials: from 15 operating and prospective investment projects in the Arctic, 11 is associated with the development of oil and gas, four - with the development of ores and coal. The main projects for the development of the port infrastructure of the Arctic basin are related to the development of the Yamal oil and gas fields, such as the construction of the Sabetta sea port (export of liquefied natural gas) and the oil transshipment terminal at the Novoportovskoye field (Gazprom Neft), as well as the complex development of the Murmansk transport hub (to 2020 the planned increase in the capacity of the ports of the Arctic basin will be about 40 million tons). Additional opportunities for NSR should open one of the main Yamal projects - the Northern latitudinal railway, which was launched by Dmitry Medvedev in late February. The project involves the construction of railway branches "Bovanenkovo ​​- Sabetta" and "Nadym - st. Obskaya, which will link the existing Northern and Sverdlovsk railways and open the way to the NSR for cargoes from the Urals and neighboring regions. It should be noted that SMP is also used for northern deliveries: annually, in the northern regions, about 1,5 million tons of oil products were delivered in the "zero" years, 3-4 million tons of coal, more than 500 thousand tons of food (from 2005, ). But the question remains about the capacities of the less developed, eastern part of the NSR, which is fundamentally important for the DFO.

The development of roads and railways remains an important direction. The most significant project in this area is to increase the throughput capacity of the Baikal-Amur and Trans-Siberian highways by one and a half times (to 180 million tons per year to 2025 year). It should be noted that the BAM and Trans-Siberian modernization project is being implemented from 2013 year, and 2020 billion rubles are planned for the development of the East Polygon railways up to 562, of which, within the boundaries of the Far East Railroad, 236 billion rubles are to be developed. or 42% of the total investment. Also, work is planned to improve the cross-border infrastructure: two bridges are under construction. The first is the railway bridge "Nizhneleninskoye - Tongjiang", which should be launched in the first half of the year 2018. The second is the automobile bridge Blagoveshchensk-Heihe, the commissioning of which is planned for 2019 year. Priority economic projects also include the development of international transport corridors "Primorye-1" and "Primorye-2".

A detailed analysis of this and other relevant topics can be found in the weekly bulletin EastRussia (https://www.eastrussia.ru/subscribe/).