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The idea of ​​abandoning coal generation in Eastern Siberia and creating a carbon-free zone there did not support the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation - EastRussia | Far East






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The idea of ​​refusing coal generation in Eastern Siberia and creating a non-carbon zone there was not supported by the RF Ministry of Energy

Yury Trutnev, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, presidential envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District, instructed departments in early February to study information materials on the outcome of the Paris Climate Conference and the creation of a carbon-free zone in Eastern Siberia, follows from the letter of the First Deputy Minister of Energy Alexei Texler to the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation, At the disposal of "Interfax"

The idea of ​​refusing coal generation in Eastern Siberia and creating a non-carbon zone there was not supported by the RF Ministry of Energy
The information materials contain a proposal to implement a pilot project in Eastern Siberia to abandon coal generation in favor of switching to hydro, gas, nuclear generation and the development of coal chemistry. In particular, the materials deal with the introduction of a carbon tax and the establishment of joint ventures with neighboring countries.

Authors of information materials are not disclosed.

"According to the Ministry of Energy of Russia, the proposed measures to stimulate the transition of the region's economy to a carbon free zone (...) are not the best way to solve the problem of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and can lead to unjustified growth of administrative and financial burden on regional business, growth of social tensions in the region ", A.Teksler noted.

He also pointed out that Eastern Siberia is one of the main coal-mining regions of Russia, in which, among other things, the Kansko-Achinsk brown coal basin, classified as the strategic strategy of the Russian Federation, is located.

“At the same time, the largest coal-fired power plants are also located in Eastern Siberia. In addition to generating electricity, these power plants are the main sources of thermal energy, ”he said.
The introduction of additional payments or other restrictive measures, according to A.Texler, can negatively affect the competitiveness of coal generation in Eastern Siberia.

"Hydroelectric power stations that are an alternative to coal-fired TPPs will not be able to meet the region's heat demand, and also have a very uneven load schedule," explained the First Deputy Minister.

The conversion of power plants to gas fuel in most regions of Eastern Siberia is currently not possible due to the lack of the necessary gas distribution infrastructure.

The construction of nuclear generation in the regions of Eastern Siberia, characterized by high seismicity, is, according to A.Texler, “a difficult engineering task, requiring significant financial and time costs”.

He noted that the proposed alternative - the development of coal chemistry - is one of the priorities of the development of the coal industry. “However, the volume of coal consumption for the needs of the coal chemical industry, even by the most optimistic estimates, will not be comparable with the volume of coal consumption for the generation of electric and thermal energy,” he said.

In turn, the head of the government of Khakassia Viktor Zimin in a letter addressed to the president of the Russian Federation (available to Interfax) noted that the draft agreement of the Paris climate conference carries serious risks for the coal mining industry of the republic.

“This may seriously worsen the socio-economic situation in coal-producing regions, since the coal-mining industry forms a significant share of regional budget revenues and employs hundreds of thousands of citizens,” V.Zimin said.

Against this background, the development of highly efficient coal combustion and the development of coal chemistry is promising, according to the head of Khakassia.

“The current strategies and programs for the development of the coal industry in the Russian Federation do not allow solving these tasks in the near future, since they either are not aimed at developing deep processing of coal or are referred to 2020-2030 years ", - said V.Zimin.

In this regard, the head of the republic appealed to the head of state with a request to instruct the government of the Russian Federation to work out the issue of setting up a long-term program for the development of the coal chemical and energy industry in 2016 to ensure efficient use of coal while maintaining the current levels of coal production.

As reported, in late November - early December in Paris took place 21-I Climate Conference, at the end of which countries are planning to sign an agreement to maintain the increase in the average temperature of the planet at a level below 2 degrees.

The territories of Krasnoyarsk and Trans-Baikal Territories, the Irkutsk Region, Khakassia, Tuva and Buryatia are economically related to Eastern Siberia. The largest hydropower facilities in the region are owned by RusHydro (controlled by the state) and Irkutskenergo (controlled by Oleg Deripaska’s En + Group). Coal generation is mainly controlled by Irkutskenergo and the Siberian Generating Company by Andrei Melnichenko.