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Seaside scientists intend to make cellulose a new generation material
Scientists of the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) and the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FEB RAS) said that new functional materials can be obtained from conventional cellulose. They are able to become materials of a new generation with the widest range of uses. They can be used in the textile, paper and food industries, in electrical engineering and electronics, bioengineering, biotechnology and ecology.
Scientists have established that cellulose, which is mineralized with silica and silver particles, can become waterproof, while at the same time letting oil, polymers and self-cleaning. As the press service of the FEFU informs, the material is antibacterial and is not exposed to fungi and bacteria, and also acquires well-pronounced properties of the conductor of electricity. Also, cellulose, which is mineralized with nanoparticles, is able to protect against ultraviolet radiation.
Mineralized cellulose is offered to be used in the production of conductors, energy storage devices, supercapacitors, transistors, as well as sensors and other fields. Researchers have recognized biopolymers as the only alternative to synthetic polymers that are derived from fossil sources - oil, gas, coal. However, cellulose has a beneficial difference - it is the most affordable renewable material, annually produced in large quantities from carbon dioxide and water. Scientists believe that the widespread use of cellulose in new areas will avoid a number of environmental problems, reduce dependence on fossils and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.