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Putin: Far Eastern Federal District should become a center of attraction for people from other regions
Within the framework of the fifth Eastern Economic Forum, a meeting of the State Council Presidium was held. At it, Russian President Vladimir Putin was presented with a draft national program for the development of the Far East. Its fundamental difference from state programs is that it takes into account the peculiarities of the regions.
“The Far East should become a center of attraction for people from other regions of the country. The dynamics and rates of recovery in the economy should become as high in the social direction. At the same time, saving on some things can result in losses, so careful polishing of the program will be required, especially regarding financing, ”Vladimir Putin said.
The draft national program was presented by the head of Yakutia, Aisen Nikolaev. He said that it reflects the goals and activities for the development of each of the 11 regions of the Far Eastern Federal District in order to solve the chronic problems of the macroregion. At the same time, the main goal of all the activities of the national program is to accelerate the pace of economic development in the Far East so that they are higher than the national average.
The main areas of the national program will be to increase the investment attractiveness of key sectors of the economy, develop trunk infrastructure, address issues of health, education, demography, housing, and a comfortable environment. Separate areas of work - improving transport accessibility, digitalization of the economy.
According to Aisen Nikolaev, the key goal of the national program is to increase human capital. Now the Far East is mainly leaving young people from the age of 16 to 30 years. When discussing the program, residents of the Far Eastern Federal District noted that self-realization and a comfortable family life will help keep young people. To do this, the national program proposes to create in the regions systems of centers of advanced vocational training, introduce special measures for the Far East, for example, provide them with free education in the best universities in Russia. Another measure to keep the population is the provision of preferential rental housing, as well as supporting the mobility of young people through subsidizing regional air transportation.
The national program also proposes to provide preferential mortgages without a contribution and at 2% per annum, to develop primary health care. The head of the Ministry of Eastern Development, Alexander Kozlov, asked the president to finance the Far East from 2020 of the year to bring to the regions 100% excise taxes on fuel. According to him, this will help repair 10 thousand municipal roads. He also asked to review subsidizing mechanisms for the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District.
Vladimir Putin said that now with the development of investment projects it will be necessary to attract personnel to new enterprises. Regions and companies will need to take into account in what conditions people will live, how well-equipped cities and towns will be, where new industries will appear.
“Today we were with the Prime Minister of India at the Zvezda plant. The company is trying to attract specialists from the European part of the country. But this requires appropriate living conditions, otherwise they will not go, ”the president said.